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Doctor insights on: Anthrax

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How deadly is anthrax?

How deadly is anthrax?

Very: Skin, gastrointestinal and pulmonary anthrax are increasingly deadly in the order listed. Pulmonary anthrax, once it becomes apparent, is lethal in almost all cases. ...Read more

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How many different types of anthrax are there?

How many different types of anthrax are there?

1 germ/3-4 forms: There is one anthrax germ that produces human illness based on how it enters the body. Inhaled spores can produce pulmonary anthrax (terrorist act), eating raw meat or dairy from infected animals can produce mouth & throat or gastrointestinal anthrax.Spores that are scratched into the skin surface can produce a skin sore.See www.Bt.Cdc.Gov/agent/anthrax. ...Read more

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Is anthrax always fatal?

Is anthrax always fatal?

No: It can be treated with penicillin and other antibiotics. The pulmonary form of anthrax is the form most likely to be fatal. ...Read more

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Is the anthrax vaccine safe?

Is the anthrax vaccine safe?

Anthrax vaccine: Although much has been written in the lay press about it, the current anthrax vaccine is safe. The most common side effect, like most vaccines, is injection site pain. ...Read more

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How does anthrax affect the lungs once it has been inhaled?

How does anthrax affect the lungs once it has been inhaled?

Tissue death: Once the inhaled anthrax spores germinate in the lungs they release toxins. This causes both bleeding & swelling which ultimately leads to tissue death. Death rate is around 99% untreated and up to 75% when treated. ...Read more

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Do I have inhalation anthrax? I was on webmd symptom checker it says I have it I have a scratchy throat mild fever of99.5 & slight shortness of breath

Do I have inhalation anthrax? I was on webmd symptom checker it says I have it I have a scratchy throat mild fever of99.5 & slight shortness of breath

Probably not: Unless you work with infected animals or animal products (hair, wool, hides) or are a target for bioterrorism you are unlikely to be exposed to anthrax spores. Chronic bronchitis from smoking more common. See your md for testing if concerned. ...Read more

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Is anthrax severe?

Is anthrax severe?

Can be: Pulmonary anthrax can be deadly within days. Other forma, not so problamatic but worthy of agressive treatment. See www.Bt.Cdc.Gov/agent/anthrax. ...Read more

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How can anthrax (disease) survive?

Spores: The bacteria can encase themselves in a very touch coat that makes them basically indestructable. They can stay in the soil for centuries. ...Read more

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How is anthrax transmitted?

Air-borne: Anthrax is an air-borne illness. These spores can live in sheeps wool and get into the body by inhalation. ...Read more

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How contagious is anthrax?

Not easily passed: Anthrax is passed thru:contact of the spores on the skin producing a skin ulcer, inhalation of spores into the lung producing inhalation anthrax; ingestion of spore containing food producing throat/gi anthrax. It is not spread from on person to another.Anthrax is notorius as a bioterrorism agent (2001), anthrax is not going to go around like a flu. ...Read more

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How dangerous is respiratory anthrax nowadays?

How dangerous is respiratory anthrax nowadays?

Very dangerous: Inhalation anthrax death rate is estimated to be approximately 75% with treatment. Prior to development of aggressive treatments the death rate was more like 99%. ...Read more

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What are the ways to diagnose anthrax?

Id in smear/culture: Lab testing can identify the germ in blood smears/spinal fluid/abdominal fluid or from blood cultures. Specimines are obtained before abx & placed on appropriate media for growth & identification. See www.Bt.Cdc.Gov/agent/anthrax. ...Read more

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How can bordetella pertussis (whooping cough) reproduce?

How can bordetella pertussis (whooping cough) reproduce?

Sugar/water/mucous: The human respiratory system provides a luxurious collection of sugar, protein & water in the form of airway mucous.This provides ample nutrition for whooping cough & a multitude of other germs. ...Read more

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How were polio, smallpox, the bubonic plague, the pneumonic plague, ended?

How were polio, smallpox, the bubonic plague, the pneumonic plague, ended?

Well..: Smallpox ended as a result of an aggressive world wide vaccination program. Polio is essentially gone in the U.S. due to vaccination efforts, but is still a problem worldwide. Bubonic and pneumonic plague are caused by same organism. It is still exists and causes disease. No one knows for sure how the plague in the Middle Ages ended. Possibly quarantine, better hygiene, and warmer climate ...Read more

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Who should be vaccinated against anthrax?

Military & lab work: People at risk for contracting anthrax should be immunized against it. Currently certain military personnel, people who work with anthrax in labs, people who work with imported animal hides or furs from areas of high levels of anthrax, and veterinarians working in areas (outside of usa) with high levels of anthrax. ...Read more

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Lab director was asking for a blood test for anthrax. How do you do it?

Lab director was asking for a blood test for anthrax. How do you do it?

No direct Test: If spores were identified on a gram stain that could be used to confirm diagnosis. The problem is that spores are often not present. Gram positive organism can change over time. Confirmatory tests include gamma bacteriophage testing, indirect hemagglutination and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay to detect antibodies. ...Read more

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Which antibiotics does CDC recommend for prevention of inhalation anthrax?

Which antibiotics does CDC recommend for prevention of inhalation anthrax?

Prevent- vaccination: Biothrax is an acellular anthrax vaccine which is used in the United States for prevention of anthrax. ...Read more

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What are best lab tests for anthrax?

This is moot: Anthrax organisms grow on culture. However, a physician must suspect anthrax and treat, because it is likely to kill you -- especially the inhaled form -- before the lab result is back. ...Read more

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