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Doctor insights on: Annular Ligament

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What is diffuse disc bulge, central protrusion with annular fissure, ligamentum flavum thickening?

What is diffuse disc bulge, central protrusion with annular fissure, ligamentum flavum thickening?

Aging changes: MRI results of the spine often sound terrible, when in fact they represent what we already know....that you are over 45 and your back hurts. What you really want to know from MRI results is if there are any abnormalities which correspond to your specific location and type of pain, which are likely to benefit from having surgery. Speak to your surgeon about his or her interpretation of the films ...Read more

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Ligament (Definition)

A fibrous band of tissue that connects one bone to another. They hold joints in place. Dr. Fox's trivia test: what one bone is the only one ...Read more


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Shoulderpain ~2 yrs. Mri-mild tendinosis of supraspinatus tendon, 2 mm interstital tear, mild subacr-subdelt bursitis, trace glenohumoral joint effusion?

Shoulderpain ~2 yrs. Mri-mild tendinosis of supraspinatus tendon, 2 mm interstital tear, mild subacr-subdelt bursitis, trace glenohumoral joint effusion?

See details: The MRI of the shoulder is not particularly impressive. As various therapies have not worked, consider seeing an orthopedist who specializes in shoulder issues. There is no way to be more specific with you without having the opportunity to examine the shoulder first hand. ...Read more

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What is lateral collateral ligament laxity?

What is lateral collateral ligament laxity?

Loose ligament: Laxity is an orthopaedic term for looseness. Normally, ligaments don't really stretch much. If a ligament gets partially torn, it can be functionally lengthened which can make a joint unstable. Some people have more lax ligaments than others. If there are no symptoms of instability, no worries! ...Read more

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MRI shows l4-5 posterior disc protusion with annular tear indenting the thecal sac and at l5-S1 posterior central disc bulging with annular tear?

MRI shows l4-5 posterior disc protusion with annular tear indenting the thecal sac and at l5-S1 posterior central disc bulging with annular tear?

Disk bulging : Based on the severity of these findings he treatment modalities will be different ... Many folks have some mild degree of disk bulging that can be managed with physical therapy and pain control and special exercises...you may need an orthopedic clinic visit . ...Read more

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MRI shows complex tear posterior horn medial meniscus dem.both radial, horizontal components. Moderate size effusion Low grade tear poplitues muscle?

 MRI  shows complex tear posterior horn medial meniscus dem.both radial, horizontal components. Moderate size effusion Low grade tear poplitues muscle?

SurgicalRepair: Posterior Horn of the Medial Meniscus absorbs most of the weight of posterior compartment/This complex tear should be evaluated by a knee surgeon and all efforts made to repair it to prevent the further development of osteoarthritis.If it can not be surgically repaired than follow up closely for signs of pain and swelling with activities.A properly fitted Knee Brace may help too. Follow the advise of orthopedic surgeon.Physical Therapy may help as well ...Read more

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Surgery? Degeneration posterior horn of meniscus, tendinosis/partial thickness tearing of patellar tendon at interpolar patella, subcutaneous edema

Surgery? Degeneration posterior horn of meniscus, tendinosis/partial thickness tearing of patellar tendon at interpolar patella,  subcutaneous edema

When nonop tx fails: Surgery is not usually the first line of treatment for chronic injuries such as you described: degenerative (chronic) PHMMT, and patellar tendinosis (vs partial inferio pole tear). Nonoperative management: physical therapy, stretching program, NSAIDs, rest, ice, may all help considerably. Arthroscopy to debride a degenerative meniscal tear due to persistent mechanical symptoms may be needed later. ...Read more

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Mri says partial tear of anterior, posterior cruciate ligament, grade3 chondromalacia, subchondral cysts in medial tibial condyle, is operatn right thng?

Mri says partial tear of anterior, posterior cruciate ligament, grade3 chondromalacia, subchondral cysts in medial tibial condyle, is operatn right thng?

See good knee...: This is purely an MRI reading of your knee.'partial' acl and PCL tears in your age group means very little to me unless you had a very significant , recent knee injury w/ a hemarthrosis .( which u don't have).'chondromalacia'( of what..Mfc, lfc, patella?) means you have a component of arthritis in your knee. See a qualified, respected knee surgeon to discuss your options . Best of luck! ...Read more

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Dr. Allen Lu Dr. Lu
3 doctors agreed:
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What causes lateral collateral ligament strain?

Dr. Allen Lu Dr. Lu
3 doctors agreed:
What causes lateral collateral ligament strain?

Large forces: Lateral collateral ligament strains are relatively uncommon. Lateral collateral injuries can occur with direct forceful blows to the inside of the knee, high energy trauma such as car accidents, motorcycle accidents, and falls from height. It can also be associated with other ligament injuries such as PCL and less commonly acl tears. ...Read more

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Chronic partial tear of anterior talofibular ligament need cirgury?

Chronic partial tear of anterior talofibular ligament need cirgury?

Probably not: It would depend on the symptoms. If there is no instability, surgery is probably not needed. ...Read more

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Mri: moderate disc protrusion l5,annular tear,moderate facet joint hypertrophy entire lumbar spine,grade1 spondylolisthsis l5,L1L2 and L5S1 spur, bad?

Mri: moderate disc protrusion l5,annular tear,moderate facet joint hypertrophy entire lumbar spine,grade1 spondylolisthsis l5,L1L2 and L5S1 spur, bad?

Depends on symptoms: Multiple level degenerative changes at a young age need careful disgnostics and evaluation. Need to know target symptoms, these findings can be asymptomatic. ...Read more

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Mri shows oblique nondisplaced tear posterior horn and body medial meniscus, medial meniscal protrusion into the medial gutter. Will i need surgery?

Mri shows oblique nondisplaced tear posterior horn and body medial meniscus, medial meniscal protrusion into the medial gutter. Will i need surgery?

Surgery : Surgery is most likely needed to resolve your problem. Meniscus tears simply do not heal on their own, regardless of conservative treatment (including prolotherapy). It is possible that your symptoms of pain, etc will improve with time without surgery...But that doesn't mean the tear healed. In fact, the tear will most likely get bigger leading to additional damage if not taken care of soon. ...Read more

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Lumbosacral spondylosis with disc degeneration, mild posterior disc bulge at l3-4level indenting thecal sac, lateral canals & neural foraminae, treatment?

Lumbosacral spondylosis with disc degeneration, mild posterior disc bulge at l3-4level indenting thecal sac, lateral canals & neural foraminae, treatment?

DDD=arthritis: Arthritis/spondylosis of the disc is ddd. Like wrinkles of skin, ddd happens to everyone to some degree. It starts to be evident on MRI late teens and early 20's, progressing with age. Ddd/arthritis does not = pain. So don't let the diagnosis bother you. Treatment is specific to the pain. If back pain, nonsurgical. Nsaids/tylenol, pt/core strength. For sciatica, above plus nerve root injections. ...Read more

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Does superior glenohumeral ligament heal?

Does superior glenohumeral ligament heal?

It depends.: Have yourself checked by a sports medicine shoulder surgeon. There are several entities within the shoulder that this can be confused with, so you want to make sure you're getting an accurate diagnosis. ...Read more

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High grade partial thickness bursal surface tear distal junction supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons?

MRI diagnosis: The best results happen when a clear diagnosis is established with a detailed examination and history and confirmed with testing such as an MRI or emg, not the other way around. Be careful about having surgery based on an MRI report. Learn more: http://www.Theshouldercenter.Com/shoulder-pain.Htm and http://www.Theshouldercenter.Com/rotator-cuff-tear.Htm. ...Read more

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MRI Diagnosis of Horizontal undersurface tear posterior horn medial meniscus and Grade II Chondromalacia patella with trace knee effusion . Surgery?

MRI Diagnosis of Horizontal undersurface tear posterior horn medial meniscus and 
Grade II Chondromalacia patella with trace knee effusion . Surgery?

Obviously you have -: -symptoms, so if the trouble is locking, giving way, the findings indicate a mechanical problem in the knee. You need to follow the advice of your orthopedic surgeon who is familiar with your case, especially if you have treated with him/her for a while. The surgery is only driven by your symptoms. The thing to remember is there is no orth prob so severe that it can't be made worse by surgery. ...Read more