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Doctor insights on: An Example Of Potty Training Using Operant Conditioning

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Can you tell me about operant conditioning?

Can you tell me about operant conditioning?

Operant conditioning: Great wikipedia question.
Several good books by BF Skinner.
So every time I feed my dog I ring a bell. And he comes to eat and salvia flows. After awhile the dog salivates when he just hears the bell. Read about Pavlov's response. ...Read more

Dr. Allyson Pizzo-Berkey
78 Doctors shared insights

Potty Training (Definition)

Training a child ...Read more


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Is any difference in effectiveness of behavior modification and operant conditioning for weight loss?

Is any difference in effectiveness of behavior modification and operant conditioning for weight loss?

Done right both work: Operant conditioning is a form of behavior modification. Behavior modification is based in part on these basic principles: if someone receives what is considered a reward after engaging in certain behavior, that behavior will be strengthened or occur more often. If someone receives no reward, that behavior will weaken or occur less often. It is up to you to set up what behaviors get what rewards. ...Read more

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What is a good age to start potty training?

What is a good age to start potty training?

22-30 months old: The answer really is, "when your child is ready"... But for a more concrete response, the typical age is between 22 and 30 months.

A good reference for further reading on toilet training your child can be found at:
http://www. Webmd. Com/parenting/tc/toilet-training-topic-overview. ...Read more

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I'm potty training my daughter. If I read books to my daughter on the potty, will that distract her from what she is supposed to be doing?

I'm potty training my daughter. If I read books to my daughter on the potty, will that distract her from what she is supposed to be doing?

On the contrary!: Sounds like both of you are having fun with potty time! Please continue what your doing! Potty time should be a relaxing time! Multitasking this early never hurt anybody! You are doing great! Barney books always get the job done ;). ...Read more

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My daughter is finally potty training and she says she thinks she went or don't know if she went cuz she don't feel it. What could this be caused from?

My daughter is finally potty training and she says she thinks she went or don't know if she went cuz she don't feel it. What could this be caused from?

Monitored: Your child is young enough that her excursions to the bathroom should be monitored so you are aware of her health. She's learning, so may not know how to interpret her body signals. ...Read more

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When should I start potty training with my 10-month old baby?

When should I start potty training with my 10-month old baby?

Toilet Training: According to the NIH, your baby will probably be ready closer to 18 months. A baby will let you know when he or she is ready by signaling to you that their diaper needs changing. At that point, you can start training using a reward system and daily encouragement to use the toilet. Here is a link for you:https://www. Nlm. Nih. Gov/medlineplus/toilettraining. Html ...Read more

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I have a two year old boy im potty training him but he freaks out he doesn't want to take off the diaper?

I have a two year old boy im potty training him but he freaks out he doesn't want to take off the diaper?

Too early?: Parents are highly motivated to toilet train their children (less mess, less expense). Unfortunately, toddlers frequently are not ready as soon as the parents would like. Boys in particular are later to be ready for this training. I do not think that your son is ready for toilet training developmentally, and would recommend waiting until he is older. ...Read more

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My 4 year old knows her letters, shapes, colors & numbers. But its a struggle potty training her, is she autistic?

My 4 year old knows her letters, shapes, colors & numbers. But its a struggle potty training her, is she autistic?

Autistic Spectrum: Disorder = qualitative impairments in social communication & reciprocal social interaction + stereotyped movements &/or narrow, repetitive areas of interest. The Sally-Ann test of false belief screens for ASD at 4; firstsigns. Org. Has more screens. Call your school district's Child Find Team to test her development & for ASD. If her self-help/adaptive delay is isolated, it's probably behavioral. ...Read more

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I've begun potty training my 3 year old daughter, but she fearful & is holding it for a long time (one day for 18 hours). What can I do to help her?

Several things: First, the ability to be toilet trained depends on neurological maturation. Second, toilet training is a skill that is easily shaped through positive reinforcement. Failures should be ignored and successes praised. Putting too much emphasis on the toilet training and failures can increase the child's resistance. Most children learn this skill easily if done in a relaxed manner. ...Read more

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Been potty training my daughter since she was two years old, She's now four &will sit on the potty, do nothing, Is she being stubborn or something else?

Been potty training my daughter since she was two years old, She's now four &will sit on the potty, do nothing, Is she being stubborn or something else?

Adaptive/Self-Help: Delays require medical, neurological & developmental assessment. Medical causes may require referral to a specialist. Behavioral causes from parents' accidentally having reinforced toileting refusal may require referral to a child psychologist & a pediatric GI to manage stool-withholding & constipation wth techniques like those in comments, if health is fine & development is otherwise typical. ...Read more

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Potty training 3yo boy will not poop. Will hold it for 24+hrs. Suggestions?

Potty training 3yo boy will not poop. Will hold it for 24+hrs. Suggestions?

Let him decide: Only 75% of kids are neurologically ready to be potty trained at 3. If he's ready and you offer an incentive, assistance as needed and let him decide when to go, you just might get there without so many tears. ...Read more

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What is a good age for potty training?

Depends: This depends on your child but generally you can start at 2-3 years of age. Some children will not be willing to start this early and you do not want to force the issue. ...Read more

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When's a good age to start potty training?

When's a good age to start potty training?

Varies by child: Varies by each child and his/her readiness to begin potty training, but typically between 2-3 years of age. View the following links for additional information: http://www. Mayoclinic. Org/healthy-lifestyle/infant-and-toddler-health/in-depth/potty-training/art-20045230. And: http://www. Babycenter. Com/potty-training ...Read more

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My kid is 12months old, when can I start potty training for him?

Toilet training: Many Asian cultures start training around one. In the United States, training is suggested when a cold can indicate the need to toilet, is physically capable of sitting unsupported on the toilet, can remove underwear or diaper without assistance and is not fearful of the toilet. Good luck! ...Read more

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I need some tips on how to give potty training of a 18 months old child?

I need some tips on how to give potty training of a 18 months old child?

A toddler who walks: From room to room, pulls his/her pants & pull-up or underpants up & down & says " pee-pee", "poo-poo" or "potty" to indicate he senses the urge to "go" is ready for daytime toilet training. If not, you may create a behavior problem. There's no harm in putting a potty chair in the bathroom for the child to sit on while you model using the toilet, but don't force the child to sit on it. ...Read more

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Can you advise for potty training my babies?

Can you advise for potty training my babies?

Be patient: Babies have different responses to potty training. Some are so self sufficient, independent, that they will resist anything that is n ot their idea. Others will allow you to provide direction and comply with your requests. Methods will vary depending of the personality of the child. Try not to make a big issue of it, set an example, reward successful use of the potty, do not punish failure. A great resource is a DVD called Baby Songs by Hap Palmer, the vignette “today I took my diapers off” motivates many an independent minded child to take charge of the process. Available online at Babysongs. Com, the original one. ...Read more

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Is 18 months to 2 years too early for potty training, or can we start now?

When Ready: Many people have many indicators for readiness. The best sign I have seen is when the child wants changed every time they are wet, they generally can be trained in 2 wks. Although there is no real research, this seems to work. ...Read more

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I tried potty training for my 23 months toddler but my trials failed. When should I start trying again?

I tried potty training for my 23 months toddler but my trials failed. When should I start trying again?

Wait until ready: He/she may not be developmentally ready for potty training yet. Children need some core skills in order to potty train easily: able to say, 'i need to go potty' or the like, able to pull down/back up pants independently, wakes up dry in the morning. Without these skills it will be more difficult, so waiting is best. Most children potty train between 2 and 4, so there is a broad range of normal. ...Read more

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What's the normal age to start potty training my son? He's 19months old now and I feel like he should be potty trained?

What's the normal age to start potty training my son? He's 19months old now and I feel like he should be potty trained?

Around 2: Most kids train around their second birthday. However, with any developmental milestone, age varies from child to child. You should not "expect" him to be trained by now, nor can he sing the national anthem yet. But he may be showing signs of interest, and then it's ok to start working with him. Many toddlers show some initial interest and then back away. Be patient and work with them, not against. ...Read more

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My 3 yo was potty training great until we went away and weren't consistent. He was afraid of self flushing toilets. Now he is resistant to toilet.

My 3 yo was potty training great until we went away and weren't consistent. He was afraid of self flushing toilets. Now he is resistant to toilet.

Put him back in: Pull-ups without discussing the issue unless he brings it up, then affirm that those public potties scared him a little, but that he chooses when the potties at home, preschool, etc. Flush. Put small, safe toys in a glass bowl on top of the fridge. When he asks what they're for, the say, " Oh, they're for when you choose to pee-pee & poo-poo in the potty." Being casual is key. ...Read more

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I am potty training my 3 year old who has a strong personality. The only method that has worked is by having her naked. She still bed wets. Any advice?

Put her clothes on: If you have done rehearsal & she knows where the stuff is the best thing you can do is become her assistant, not her drill sergeant. A strong willed child must first understand when she gets the feeling she needs to go, & feel happy she is responding to that need. Telling her no more than twice a day that you will help is crucial. You can provide incentives for doing big girl things but relax. ...Read more

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My 5yr old is finally potty training & don't know if she goes and she says she can't feel herself go she has always been like this what could cause this?

My 5yr old is finally potty training & don't know if she goes and she says she can't feel herself go she has always been like this what could cause this?

Caudal regression: Syndrome, in which parts of the lower half of the body do not develop properly, is rare, but less rare in infants of diabetic mothers. If the lower spine & sacrum (pelvic bone) are malformed or the sacrum is absent, problems controlling bowel and bladder can occur. Ask her pediatrician to look for physical findings, then (s)he'll order X-rays or MRI & make appropriate referrals, if CRS is present. ...Read more

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Can focalin (dexmethylphenidate) cause a 5 year old to stop potty training?

No: If you are having problems with daytime accidents at age 5, you should discuss with your md if evaluation by pediatic psychologist is warranted. ...Read more

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Can focalin (dexmethylphenidate) cause a 5 year old to revert back and forget potty training?

Possibly: Any stress can cause a regression, many medications have side effects and a more detailed discussion would be important to determine if the regression is related to the med or possibly something else. At 5 there might be a number of things that might cause a regression in potty training. Need to rule out a uriunary tract infection. See your pediatrician or Focalin (dexmethylphenidate) prescriber. ...Read more

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My kid is 16months from when can I start him potty training how to practice him naturally for urine & motion?

My kid is 16months from when can I start him potty training how to practice him naturally for urine & motion?

Potty training: At 16 mos of age, start by teaching your child to get used to sit on the potty with a lot of encouragement, without pressure, later on, the baby will be able to indicate the need to go, have potty train handy to use it whenecer he needs to, don't be disappointed if has accidents, it takes time & a lot of patience, good luck. ...Read more

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Mt daughter is 4 years old. Been potty training since 2 yes old, could it be psychological, please Help, she'll be attending school next month?

Mt daughter is 4 years old. Been potty training since 2 yes old, could it be psychological, please Help, she'll be attending school next month?

Potty trained 4YO: If she is doing generally well and just occasional accidents, that is very different than if she is still struggling. Please talk to your pediatrician, but also see an experienced Child Psychologist (someone who did a Fellowship in Child Psychology). Sometimes children are experiencing stress that a parent may not know about, or recognize is relevant. Don't give up though! ...Read more

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My lo is 15 months and when you change her you lay the diaper on the floor she walks over and sits on the diaper is she ready for potty training?

My lo is 15 months and when you change her you lay the diaper on the floor she walks over and sits on the diaper is she ready for potty training?

Yes: Behvioral signs like what your mention may be the start to toilet training. Demonstrating a desire and showing interest are positive signs. If he broadcasts his bodily functions-announcing pee and poop and bowel movements are predictable and less wet diapers are apparent-you are on your way. Despising wet and dirty diapers helps. ...Read more

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We are currently potty training my son. Some days he will do great. Other days he will have 3 accidents in an hour. Is that normal to urinate often?

Potty training: This is par for the course. There are good days and days when there are failures. Be sure you offer praise and don't discourage himif he wets. Urinatingfrequently means he is not emptying fully
...Read more

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What age is good fot potty training?

What age is good fot potty training?

Depends on the child: Most kids get interested in the potty around 18 mo. & train by 2 yrs. If their parents start taking them along every time the parents use the toilet. Put the kiddy potty on the bathroom floor so that your child can sit on it while you use the regular one. Start your child with clothes on;after a few days, go to just diaper, then, when your child's ready, to bare-bottom. Lots of praise & rewards help! ...Read more

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What if your child shows signs of readiness for potty training but still won't go?

What if your child shows signs of readiness for potty training but still won't go?

Don't push.: Overeagerness in toilet training can result in constipation from hell, as a child who decides that "holding it" is good will decide that "holding it forever" is even better. ...Read more

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My uncut son is potty training now, but my husband is cut. Does it make a difference?

My uncut son is potty training now, but my husband is cut. Does it make a difference?

No!: The foreskin should not change the way a male pees. I do suggest if any son watches his father pee, have dad sit on the toilet. That way he can do it like dad, sitting down, until he's old enough to aim! The biggest difference if his foreskin remains is you need to pull gently back and clean it daily, then teach him to do the same as he gets older. Don't force it if it doesn't pull easily! ...Read more

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My son is 3 he will be4 in december, he shows no interest in potty training when he doses attempt to use the potty he sits for a short time. Help?

My son is 3 he will be4 in december, he shows no interest in potty training when he doses attempt to use the potty he sits for a short time. Help?

The best time to put: Him on the potty is 15 minutes after a meal with his feet on a stool like a Little Looster. Let him blow bubbles. Put small, safe toys in a clear bowl on top of the fridge. When he asks what they're for, say, " Oh, they're for when you choose to pee-pee & poo-poo on the potty." Have a playdate with a potty-trained peer. Reward the peer for using the toilet without referencing your son's refusal. ...Read more

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Daughter 1yr 3mnths took off her clothes and poopy diaper is that a sign to start potty training?

Not necessarily: Being aware you are sitting in poo & not liking it is not the same as knowing you are about to go. Don't push it until> 2y, if then. ...Read more

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How do I explain to my 3 year old when he asks me why is my penis big? I started potty training and he is asking so many questions

How do I explain to my 3 year old when he asks me why is my penis big? I started potty training and he is asking so many questions

Short simple answers: A 3 yo is curious and their questions can be difficult when you let the issue of genitals/sex cloud the picture. At that age short simple answers are the best. Don't launch into lengthy discussions. "that's how it is"is honest & developmentally appropriate. Expect the same? Seveal times (they don't take notes).After he gets to 7-8 the questions can be answered in more depth. ...Read more

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Is it normal for a 4 year old not ready for potty training? He can talk and is developmently normal. He can even read. It doesn't make sense.

Reading at age 4 is: Not developmentally typical. Hyperlexia, reading decoding above age & grade level, sometimes occurs in kids with non-verbal learning disabilities, oddly enough, or Autistic Spectrum Disorder without cognitive impairment. Combined with a delay in self-help skills, it warrants evaluation by a developmental/ behavioral pediatrician & a child neuropsychologist for accurate diagnosis & treatment. ...Read more