Doctor insights on:
Alternative Treatments For Endometrial Hyperplasia
Endometrial dx: Endometrial hyperplasia is not "sudden, " it is a progressive thickening of the lining of the uterus due to estrogen effect. Early phases are called "simple hyperplasia." this can progress if untreated to "complex hyperplasia" or "atypical hyperplasia" - if left untreated, it can progress to endometrial carcinoma. Treatment is progesterone hormones to counteract the estrogen. ...Read more
It's a indicator: Endometrial hyperplasia (overgrowth of the uterus lining) means that the uterus is being exposed to continuous estrogen, which is a risk factor for endometrial cancer. So it indicates that conditions are favorable for the development of cancer, and it can also allow an early cancer to hide more easily. Atypical hyperplasia means overgrowth of abnormal cells and an even higher risk of cancer. ...Read more
```EM thickness: US is one way to look at the interior of the uterus, the endometrial lining. If it appears thickened, it can be due to both physiologic or pathologic growth. In patients over 40, pre-neoplastic or neoplastic hyperplasia becomes more likely, but other things may also be present like polyps. Usually a biopsy or curettage would be needed to sort this out. ...Read more
D&C: Dilation and curettage is one option, in which the lining is gently removed to fully evaluate for higher grade abnormalities concerning for cancer. If there are also atypical cells present, many would recommend a hysterectomy due to the high risk of underlying cancer, or of the abnormality progressing to cancer. ...Read more
Not usually: Endometrial hyperplasia (with or without atypia) has many causes, but often hormone imbalances can be the cause. Overweight patients have an increased risk of hyperplasia. Since the ovaries produce hormones, they may be involved. However, medical therapy can sometimes be used to manage hyperplasia. Ultimately, it is a precursor to cancer and requires close monitoring. ...Read more
Progesterone: Hyperplasia is overgrowth of (most commonly) proliferative phase endometrial glands. Provera (medroxyprogesterone) is a Progesterone agent which promotes maturation of the endometrium from proliferative (or hyperplasia in this case) to secretory phase which then is shed (menses). In most cases Provera (medroxyprogesterone) is effective in treating hyperplasia and can prevent progression to atypical hyperplasia or cancer. ...Read more
Ultrasound showed: "endometrial hyperplasia" and the tech also said there was "debris" (fluid). What do these results mean?
Endometrial: Hyperplasia occurs when the endometrium, the lining of the uterus, becomes too thick. It is not cancer, but in some cases, it can lead to cancer of the uterus. It most often is caused by excess estrogen without progesterone. If ovulation does not occur, progesterone is not made, and the lining is not shed. It usually occurs after menopause, when ovulation stops and progesterone is no longer made. ...Read more
Have endometrial hyperplasia, no abnormal bleeding (app. 11mm @ day 13 of cycle). Dr. Advises ablation. Is that recommended? Please explain.
No: Your are 44 years old, are you still having your periods? If you are, then 11 mm endometrial thickness is not considered endometrial hyperplasia in a menstruating woman. Besides, even if you were postmenopausal endometrial hyperplasia may imply dysplasia or cancer and ablation is the wrong thing to do since you may mask a cancer. If you have no abnormal bleeding then ablation is not indicated. ...Read more
Transab ultrasound13mm uterine stripe, endometrial hyperplasia. I'm 36. Always had normal cycles, 2 months had heavier bleeding for first 2 days but normal cycle again. Do I need to do anything?
Hard to be certain: Ultrasound is never 100%, but several findings are suspicious for endometrial hyperplasia or even cancer. For instance, if your lining is excessively thick for your age or if there is a suspicious mass seen within the uterine cavity on the sonogram, hyperplasia or cancer may be present. However, other findings can cause similar images on sonogram. Also, diagnosis can only be made with a biopsy. ...Read more
Possibly: Fibroids are benign growths of uterine muscle and are not cancerous. Rarely, a fast growing fibroid may in fact be a sarcoma or a cancer. A uterine polyp (like a skin tag in the uterus) can be totally benign or may house hyperlastic cells. Endometrial hyperplasia with atypical cells is considered precancerous and should be treated. Bleeding after menopause should always be evaluated. ...Read more
Yes: A polyp can be cancerous or precancerous. The exact chance of that depends on several factors including age, genetics and other medical problems. Hyperplasia has a significant risk of becoming cancer depending on whether there is atypia or not. In general fibroids are not cancerous. But some woman can develop certain types of uterine cancer that look like fibroids. ...Read more
Overgrown lining: The lining of the uterus is called the endometrium. When it is too thick and/or overgrown, it is called hyperplasia. Frequently this is just a benign thickening but it can be atypical (abnormal) or even cancerous. Thickened lining in older women is more worrisome and should be biopsied. It is a diagnosis made by ultrasound, so it is typically found when evaluating abnormal bleeding. ...Read more
D&C vs hysterectomy: Endometrial hyperplasia can cause bleeding, and possibly lead to cancer. One effective treatment is hysterectomy, which also allows for thorough pathology examination to be sure there is no cancer already present. Other treatments to avoid hysterectomy include a thorough D&C to remove the abnormal endometrial lining, and possibly hormonal treatments. Your gyn can discuss what is optimal for you. ...Read more
Depends on patient: A woman will have a higher risk of endometrial hyperplasia if they have prolonged exposure to unopposed estrogen. Women with higher risk include those suffering from anovulation (no menstrual cycle), hirsutism (abnormal nhair growth), polycystic ovarian disease, obesity, estrogen replacement therapy after menopause. ...Read more
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