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Doctor insights on: Alpha 1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Cirrhosis

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What are alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency tests like?

What are alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency tests like?

Blood test: Blood, more accurately serum, is examined for levels of Alpha 1 at. Electophoresis of serum also reveals deficiency and a detailed electrophoresis, iso-electric focusing, provides details of the abnormal protein. Dna also can be tested to ascertain the abnormality in the gene. ...Read more

Dr. Krishna Kumar
28 doctors shared insights

Inherited Emphysema (Definition)

Inherited emphysema, also know as alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, is a condition where alpha-1 antitrypsin accumulates in the liver causing liver damage and is deficient in the lungs, leading to lung destruction ...Read more


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What sort of problem is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?

What sort of problem is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?

Genetic, familial: Genetic abnormality that can run in families, associated with emphysema, even without the usual triggers like tobacco use, and cirrhosis of the liver, even in the absence of triggers like chronic infection, alcohol use. Can cause problems in children and/or in adults. Can be tested for, can be rx'd. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency?

What are the symptoms of alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency?

Emphysema: Aat deficiency affects primarily the lungs, leading to copd, particularly a panacinar emphysema. Symptoms are variable, but usually involve shortness of breath on exertion, cough, or wheezing. It can also affect the liver, causing chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Necrotizing panniculitis is a rare clinical manifestation involving the skin. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?

What are the symptoms of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?

Early emphysema: Lung and liver are the target organs in Alpha 1 at deficiency. Children may develop liver disease like cirrhosis. The commonest symptoms are due to early development of emphysema, e.g., shortness of breath, barrel chest, and later heart failure. ...Read more

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Please tell me the characterists of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?

Please tell me the characterists of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?

Shortness of breath: Alpha 1 antitrypsin (aat) is a molecule in the blood and alveolar space. This naturally occuring molecule is protecting alveolar walls from breaking by trypsin which is also naturally occuring molecule during lipid metabolism of the cells. Trypsin is causing oxidative damage to the cells and needs to be scavenged. Aat deficiency is a genetic disorder with abnormal production of the aat molecule. ...Read more

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Hello docs, is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency life-threatening?

Hello docs, is alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency life-threatening?

Yes: With some variation, the form presenting in childhood can lead to liver failure and death if a liver transplant is not available. The chronic lung issues are disabling for some. ...Read more

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What is alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency?

What is alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency?

Genetic disease: It's quite variable in severity. The lack of the helpful antitrypsin protein in the blood prevents the neutralization of enzymes from white cells that tend to decrease the elasticity of the lungs. The enzyme itself accumulates in the liver which can't get it into the circulation and this can ruin the liver. This can happen at any age and no one knows why it varies so much; or the liver may be fine. ...Read more

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What are characterists of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?

What are characterists of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency?

Early emphysema: Early onset emphysema, especially in a non-smoker, is most common characterisitic of Alpha 1 at deficiency, other abnormalities include early onset liver disease. ...Read more