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Doctor insights on: Alcohol Dependence Drug Addiction

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Dr. Vasu Brown
612 doctors shared insights

Addiction (Definition)

Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory, and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors. A person affected by addiction will be unable to consistently Abstain from use, will have Impaired Behavioral control, will have Craving or increased "hunger" for drugs or rewarding experiences, will have a Dysfunctional Emotional response, and will show diminished recognition of significant problems with their own ...Read more


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How is narcotic abuse, dependence, withdrawal or intoxication self-diagnosed?

How is narcotic abuse, dependence, withdrawal or intoxication self-diagnosed?

Easy...: If you are taking more than prescribed, then you are abusing. If you can't stop taking the medication, then you are dependent. Dependence is not necessarily a negative thing however, as you may depend on a medication for relief to function normally. ...Read more

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What is the alcohol dependence or drug addiction process?

What is the alcohol dependence or drug addiction process?

Habituation: In any physical dependence the body adapts and the withdrawal symptoms are the body responding to the lack of the substance. Because addictions cause changes in neurotransmission they are difficult to treat and require enough time for the body to adjust to being "clean.". ...Read more

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Who coined the term substance abuse (ie, alcoholism, legal and illegal drug abuse, etc.)?

Who coined the term substance abuse (ie, alcoholism, legal and illegal drug abuse, etc.)?

Not clear: The term alcoholism was originally coined in 1849 by magnus huss. Untill the 1940s it referred primarily to the physical consequences of long-term heavy drinking. I am not sure about the term substance abuse. ...Read more

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Symptoms of drug addiction withdrawels obvious?

Symptoms of drug addiction withdrawels obvious?

Yes: Without proper detox symptoms can be prolonged and dangerous. ...Read more

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Why drug addicts used barbiturates?

Why drug addicts used barbiturates?

Course of addiction : Typically drug addicts use drugs because of the way it makes them feel. Drugs of abuse are fast acting, hit the reward center of the brain and are thus reinforcing. As tolerance for the drug's effects develop, people take more of the drug in hope of obtaining the same high feeling. Physical dependence occurs and the drug is taken no longer to get high but to try to feel normal & avoid withdrawal. ...Read more

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Is vivitrol effective for alcohol and opiate addiction?

Is vivitrol effective for alcohol and opiate addiction?

Yes: In my experience Vivitrol can be very effective for treatment of alcohol and opiate addiction. But Vivitrol alone is the answer. Motivation is the first key followed by working closely with a doctor who treats addiction on a regular basis, in consuling program. ...Read more

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What's substance dependence vs addiction?

What's substance dependence vs addiction?

Addiction vs.: Dependence. Some drugs have effects on the body that the body becomes used to. This is dependence. If the drug is suddenly withdrawn, the patient will experience a withdrawal syndrome untill the body readjusts. Addiction is an uncontrollable, compulsive need for and use of a substance despite negative consequences (deteriorating health, memory, loss of relationships, legal problems, etc.). ...Read more

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Could rehab stop drug addiction?

Could rehab stop drug addiction?

Yes: Do you think that if it didn't, anybody would go to it? However, unlike other medical treatments where success depends on the skill of the doctors/nurses and the effectiveness of medication, success in rehabilitation has more to do with how motivated you are, what resources are available to you, and how long you stay involved in treatment. Overall success can be as high as 90% in some groups. ...Read more

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Can alcohol or drug addiction person take this Valium medication.?

Can alcohol or drug addiction person take this Valium medication.?

Valium and alcohol: Sounds like you may be taking valium on your own that is not prescribed for you . If that's the case then no one can comment . In any event if you are taking it as prescribed i hope the prescriber knows about your addictions. The bottom line is it can potentially be very dangerous depending on your history and your metabolism met the built -valium can be deadly with alcohol. ...Read more

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Is alcohol dependence rare?

Is alcohol dependence rare?

Alcohol dependence: Is not rare, but most people who use alcohol have no significant problems from it. In hawaii, a state that has good data, about 4% of adults admit to moderate or severe alcohol dependence. A national study found that of those who use alcohol, 3% drink heavily and have 3 or 4 signs of dependence & 1% are chronic or relapse drinkers with 6 or 7 signs of dependence. ...Read more

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Is drug abuse interchangeable with drug misuse?

Is drug abuse interchangeable with drug misuse?

Not really: Drug misuse can eventually lead to drug abuse before one is even aware of what is happening. Both are problematic and need medical intervention before these become larger issues. ...Read more

Dr. Alan Ali Dr. Ali
1 doctor agreed:
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Xanax (alprazolam) and xl-3 drug interactions okay?

Dr. Alan Ali Dr. Ali
1 doctor agreed:
Xanax (alprazolam) and xl-3 drug interactions okay?

Xanax (alprazolam): xl-3 cold & cough medicine added to Xanax (alprazolam) can cause more sedation. Please consult your doctor first. ...Read more

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Is drug addiction chronical disease?

Is drug addiction chronical disease?

Yes: The addictions cross each other. If you stop drinking alcohol and start using pills you are still at the same spot. And it may not be drugs alone ...Gambling, food, sex, porn...And so forth may replace your drug of choice...But, in the end, however you slice it... You stand at the same, spot....Alone, miserable, disoriented...And once in a while thinking, where... Did all friends and loved one disappear.. ...Read more

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Emotionally disturbed addict. I'm a recovering alcohol, crack, heroin and Valium addict, how to cope?

You need support: Few people, if anyone, can recover all on their own. There are self-help groups like aa/na and others, formal therapy groups that use cognitive behavioral therapy, individual psychotherapies and family/couples therapies. Work on improving health with diet and exercise, and develop other fulfilling activities and hobbies, religious and/or meditative practices. Treat underlying psychiatric problem. ...Read more

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What defines drug abuse?

What defines drug abuse?

Drug Abuse : In dsm-iv, this is a persistent, "maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress." there are: failure to fulfill major role obligations at work, school, or home; recurrent drug use in physically hazardous situations (like driving); recurrent substance-related legal problems; & continued use despite social problems caused/worsened by the drug use. ...Read more

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Is physical dependence the same as drug addiction?

No: People being treated by prescription can become dependent but not addicted. ...Read more

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How are alcohol abuse and dependence different?

How are alcohol abuse and dependence different?

Drinking : Dependence is usually considered that you will have physical withdrawal symptoms if you stop drinking. Dependence and addiction are synonymous. Abuse is frequent or even occasional excessive drinking which is considered more than five drinks within two hours. ...Read more

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What's substance abuse or chemical dependence?

What's substance abuse or chemical dependence?

Maladaptive pattern: Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a maladaptive patterned use of a substance (drug) in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods not condoned by medical professionals. Substance abuse/drug abuse is not limited to mood-altering or psycho-active drugs. Activity is also considered substance abuse when inappropriately used(as in steroids for performance enhancement). ...Read more

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Dr. Vasu Brown
235 doctors shared insights

Substance Abuse (Definition)

Substance abuse refers to a dependence on a harmful or addictive substance, most often drugs or alcohol. The substance is often used to suppress difficult feelings and results in impaired intimate and work relationships. Substance abuse is diagnosed by observing the pattern of use, looking for tolerance, and withdrawal upon halting the use of the substance. Recovery begins with the substance abuser admitting being out of control and ...Read more


Dr. Kevin Passer
1,567 doctors shared insights

Alcoholism (Definition)

Also known as alcohol use disorder, is an addiction characterized by increased cravings, consumption, and failed efforts to ...Read more