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Doctor insights on: Air Embolism Vascular Surgeons

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Could competitive flow reduce internal thoracic artery graft patency?

Could competitive flow reduce internal thoracic artery graft patency?

Absolutely: It can happen. If the vessel that is bypassed has significant flow, the mammary artery can fail. ...Read more

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Dr. Geoffrey Rutledge
107 doctors shared insights

Air Embolism (Definition)

Blood vessels are made to carry blood - liquid. A small amount of air in a vessel is not usually a big deal as it will be absorbed into the blood. Larger volumes of air (10 mL or larger) can be significant to block blood flow in that vessel. That is bad in the brain (stroke) and really bad in the heart because ...Read more


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Are pulmonary edema and a pulmonary embolism the same?

Are pulmonary edema and a pulmonary embolism the same?

No: Pulmonary edema refers to fluid in the lungs, most commonly as a result of a failing heart. Pulmonary emboli are blood clots that form somewhere in the body (usually the legs) and travel to the lungs. ...Read more

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What does blood clot in the lungs (pulmonary embolus) show on ventilation perfusion scan?

What does blood clot in the lungs (pulmonary embolus) show on ventilation perfusion scan?

Lack of blood flow: A ventilation perfusion scan is a test for a blood clot in the lungs, or pulmonary embolism. If there is a blood clot, an area of the lung will not be perfused, but will be ventilated, and therefore a mismatch will be seen. ...Read more

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Smaller nonocclusive segmental and subsegmental emboli are not excluded. (Findings) in the "impressions" says no pulmonary emboli. Clot or no clot?

Smaller nonocclusive segmental and 
subsegmental emboli are not excluded. (Findings) in the "impressions" says no pulmonary emboli. Clot or no clot?

Mgt: The report indicates that there may still be areas with smaller clots which do not fully block the vessel. If you are having symptoms, a repeat scan is indicated and ruling out lower extremity thrombi is advised. A virtual appt is available online to follow up: healthtap.com/DosanjhMD Code: NCYHPZ ...Read more

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Is a cardiothoracic surgeon the same as vascular surgeon, thoracic surgeon, cardiovascular surgeon, cardiac surgeon, etc.. What are there difference?

Is a cardiothoracic surgeon the same as vascular surgeon, thoracic surgeon, cardiovascular surgeon, cardiac surgeon, etc.. What are there difference?

Cardiothoracic...: ...Surgeons operate on the heart and the lungs and other thoracic organs. Vascular surgery is it's own specialty and involves operations on vessels outside the chest . Some cardiothoracic surgeons do vascular surgery outside of the chest, although not as many as in years past. Many cardiothoracic surgeons have limited practice to hearts. They are best described as cardiac surgeons. ...Read more

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Air embolism from oral in pregnancy?

Air embolism from oral in pregnancy?

Air embolism: An embolism of air can be a very serious, immediate threat to your health. Not sure how oral and pregnancy relate, can you give more information? If you are fine, hours after writing and reading this question/answer, you probably can relax about this risk. ...Read more

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Could bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting increase surgical risk?

Could bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting increase surgical risk?

Not always : There is some evidence that in diabetic patients it can increase the risk of eternal wound infections. Not in non diabetics. This increase risk in diabetics has been debated and there is some recent data suggesting that it may not be true. ...Read more

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Are there any connections between the deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism?

Are there any connections between the deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism?

Cause and effect: Deep vein thrombosis is a blood clot that forms in the veins, often in the legs, but also in other places. If a clot breaks loose and travels to the lungs, it is called pulmonary embolism. A pulmonary embolism can be fatal. ...Read more

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Venous tos with old, permanent dvt. Vascular surgeons prescribed only physiotherapy. Enough? Can a new clot form in the area?No clotting disorders.

Venous tos with old, permanent dvt. Vascular surgeons prescribed only physiotherapy. Enough? Can a new clot form in the area?No clotting disorders.

new clot possible?: Depends. Pt is not unreasonable, though, many would recommend a 1st rib resection to releive the compression that may have caused the clot in the 1st place. ...Read more

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Would pneumoconiosis hasten death by pulmonary edema?

Would pneumoconiosis hasten death by pulmonary edema?

Additive: Pneumoconiosis, or restrictive lung disease caused by environmental exposure to things like coal dust or asbestos causes serious progressive lung dysfunction. Pulmonary edema is fluid buildup in the lungs, usually from cardiac dysfunction. If a person has both, it would be expected that their outcome would be worse than if they had either disease alone. ...Read more

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Can small children get pulmonary embolism?

Can small children get pulmonary embolism?

Yes: Development of pulmonary embolisms depends on many factors. But small children certainly can develop them if they have specific conditions. Please see your child's physician to discuss your specific issues. ...Read more

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Pulmonary emboli or blood clots in the lung; deadly? Very dangerous?

Pulmonary emboli or blood clots in the lung; deadly?  Very dangerous?

Yes. : Pulmonary embolism is often fatal but it really depends on the size of the clot that travels to the lung. Small clots may not even be noticed but large ones completely stop lung circulation and exchange of oxygen resulting in rapid death. ...Read more

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Why don't people in comas develop deep vein thrombosis (dvt) and then die of a pulmonary embolism?

Why don't people in comas develop deep vein thrombosis (dvt) and then die of a pulmonary embolism?

No movement: Yes, people in Comas do develop deep venous thrombosis. In order for a pulmonary embolism to developed. The patient needs to get up and move which causes the DVT to transfer from the legs of the lungs. If the patient doesn't get up, the DVT won't move, the PE will not develop ...Read more

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"The pulmonary vasculture is normal.There are no intrapulmonary nodules or masses."on CT chest.Does above rule out clot(s) on (right) pulmonary vein(s

"The pulmonary vasculture is normal.There are no intrapulmonary nodules or masses."on CT chest.Does above rule out clot(s) on (right) pulmonary vein(s

It depends: on how the scan was performed and the timing of the contrast injection. If PE was a concern, the scan might have been optimized for looking at the pulmonary arteries rather than veins. Pulmonary venous thrombosis is rare. ...Read more

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Why coarctation of aorta in infants, causing blood flow from pulmonary artery to aorta?

Why coarctation of aorta in infants, causing blood flow from pulmonary artery to aorta?

PDA : It would only do that if the coarctation was severe and there was a patent ductus arteriosus (pda) which is a connecting artery between the aorta and pulmonary artery, leading to blood flow from pa to the descending aorta. ...Read more

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Dr. Barbara Lavi
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Embolus (Definition)

Usually a blood clot that migrates from one area of the body to another. Most commonly a clot from a leg vein to the lung . It can also pertain to a clot, or atheromatous material that moves from one segment to another, such as cholesterol material in a carotid lesion moving into the ...Read more


Dr. Joel Gotvald
197 doctors shared insights

Vascular Surgeons (Definition)

Vascular surgeons are physicians who specialize in performing procedures that help treat and manage diseases of blood vessels, which include the arteries and veins. Such conditions may include circulatory problems in diabetics, varicose veins, peripheral artery disease, ...Read more