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Doctor insights on: Aids And Infections Toxoplasmosis

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Are the aids infection and HIV infection different?

Are the aids infection and HIV infection different?

No, HIV causes AIDS: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes progressive destruction of the immune system, which can lead to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (aids). As the immune system declines, a person can get one of 20+ opportunistic infections associated with aids. A person can also have aids if their cd4 or t-cell count (marker of immune function) is. ...Read more

Dr. Lois Freisleben-Cook
9 doctors shared insights

Infection (Definition)

Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more


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Human immunodeficiency virus--does it lead to any diseases besides aids?

Human immunodeficiency virus--does it lead to any diseases besides aids?

Yes: In addition to causing aids, we now know that HIV also increases chronic inflammation and immune activation, which can increase the risk of complications like coronary heart disease, malignancies, decreased bone density, and cognitive dyfunction. There is a lot of interest now in HIV as a cause of earlier complications of the aging process. ...Read more

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Test for or infection with human immunodeficiency virus hiv?

Test for or infection with human immunodeficiency virus hiv?

HIV testing: There are several HIV tests. We usually check what is called an elisa blood/oral test. It's very sensitive & specific but misses early, early infection (<15-20 days). In us we confirm a + elisa w/a test called a western blot (looks for HIV specific proteins). Other countries just use elisa x2. For acute HIV infection we measure viral RNA in blood. Can be falsely + so needs expert evaluation. ...Read more

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Can hepatitis virus infection interfere the progression of HIV disease?

Can hepatitis virus infection interfere the progression of HIV disease?

Yes: Co infection with hepatitis b or hepatitis c ( that is having HIV and either of the above) is documented to generally result in further progression of both diseases. Therefore, patients with either illnesses must be screened to rule out co infection... Treatment is encouraged for both viral illnesses. New treatments are available for hepatitis c. ...Read more

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Are diseases like HIV and hepatitis spread only by carriers of the disease?

Are diseases like HIV and hepatitis spread only by carriers of the disease?

Basically Yes: Hiv & hepatitis c are transmitted by contact with an infected persons blood. No blood = no transmission. However, if you handle an item that has their blood on it, then you are at risk. ...Read more

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How are yeast infections spread through oral sex?

How are yeast infections spread through oral sex?

yeasts: I don't think that yeast infections are spread by oral sex. Yeasts are everywhere in the environment around us. A yeast infection of the female reproductive tract normally occurs when the normal flora balance is disturbed, usually after a round of antibiotics. ...Read more

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If HIV and hepatitis C are blood borne diseases, how many people develop them?

If HIV and hepatitis C are blood borne diseases, how many people develop them?

In the USA?: Here in the us, about 1.2 million people have hiv, and about 5 million people have hepatitis c. Each year, about 50, 000 people are newly infected with hiv, and at least 20, 000 people get hcv (this number could be a lot higher, we are not sure). In the 1960-1980's, about 250, 000 people a year got hcv because of contaminated blood transfusions, drug use, etc. So it is lower now but still should be 0. ...Read more

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How common are secondary bacterial infections or sepsis with a mono infection?

How common are secondary bacterial infections or sepsis with a mono infection?

Not quantified: Secondary bacterial infections are common enough to make most of the lists of complications of ebv that leads to infectious mononucleosis, but i could not find that a case rate had been published at this time (i.e. A percentage of cases that develop secondary infections). The illness does cause relative immune compromise through splenic inflammation and neutropenia in some cases. ...Read more

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Why can opportunistic infections may increase the risk of malnutrition in the patient with HIV / aids?

Why can opportunistic infections may increase the risk of malnutrition in the patient with HIV / aids?

Multiple reasons: Infections generate the release of cytokines which suppress appetite; some opportunistic pathogens (giardia, cryptosporidium, CMV and others) may actually cause malabsorption resulting in malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies. There is also a wasting syndrome in aids, the full etiology of which is not yet fully understood. ...Read more

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If I am suffering from rubella virus infection, and CMV infection, than chances of HIV infection is how much?

If I am suffering from rubella virus infection, and CMV infection, than chances of HIV infection is how much?

There is no link: Those diseaes are not linked--you need to be tested for them individually and having one does not confer risk for the other. But are you sure you have active rubella and cmv, or just evidence of past infection? Consult with your doctor directly. ...Read more

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Can common soap and water kill HIV virus and other stds?

Can common soap and water kill HIV virus and other stds?

No: Check out http://www.thebody.com/forums/aids/safesex/q8934.html. However, washing w/soap & water is recommended to lower risk for fecal-oral contamination & spread of other infections. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr58e324a2.htm. ...Read more

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Do needles infected with aids infect?

Yes: Yes, to get infected with hiv, the virus that causes aids, the needle has to have hiv. Thus, clean or used needles without HIV cannot transmit hiv. ...Read more

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Are opportunistic infections the final stage aids?

Are opportunistic infections the final stage aids?

Possibly: This could be a sign of aids developing from HIV itself. Could be 'final stage' if no longer responding to haart (anti-viral treatments) which should help prevent most opportunistic infections once the HIV viral load is suppressed. If otherwise stable most of these infections have specific treatment options. ...Read more

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Are chlamydial infections a genetic disease?

Are chlamydial infections a genetic disease?

No: Chlamydia is an infectious disease, not genetic. It's acquired by contact with other people who have it. ...Read more

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What are opportunistic infections normally found in HIV positive people?

What are opportunistic infections normally found in HIV positive people?

HIV+ complications: Hi there should be zero opportunistic infections if one is on effective HIV treatment. This is the miracle of this decade. Good care and appropriate medications lead to prolonged health and longer life. But, without treatment there are the standards: thrush, pneumocystis, shingles, severe herpes, lymphoma, meningitis, etc. ...Read more

Dr. Martin Raff
696 doctors shared insights

Aids (Definition)

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, or AIDS, is the final stage of HIV, which causes intense damage to the immune system. It is associated with a low CD4 lymphocytes count and clinical signs of immune dysfunction. Specifically, AIDS begins when the CD4 cell ...Read more


Dr. Monica Shah
248 doctors shared insights

Toxoplasmosis (Definition)

An infection caused by the parasite Toxoplasma Gondii. It is found in various animals and birds, but the primary hosts of the parasite are cats. It takes about 1-2 weeks for symptoms to develop, which can involve the brain, lung, ...Read more