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Doctor insights on: Afi Amniotic Fluid

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How does meconium stain amniotic fluid causes amniotic fluid embolism?

How does meconium stain amniotic fluid causes amniotic fluid embolism?

It does not!: Meconium passage in utero is common and generally without consequence provided there is no fetal distress. Amniotic fluid embolism is a very rare but almost always lethal maternal complication of late pregnancy. The two conditions are unrelated. ...Read more

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What is amniotic fluid embolism?

What is amniotic fluid embolism?

Maternal illness: As a complication of pregnancy and delivery, amniotic fluid may gain entry into the maternal circulation. It induces intravascular thrombus formation followed by bleeding disorder, and respiratory problems and shock in the mother. ...Read more

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What causes amniotic fluid embolism?

Vein: It is when amniotic fluid enters the bloodstream through the venous system. It can be very dangerous, potentially causing a embolus in the lung. ...Read more

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Blood debris in amniotic fluid normal?

Blood debris in amniotic fluid normal?

Based on setting: During pregnancy, it is not unusual to see "debris" in the amniotic fluid during ultrasound. This is likely related to vernix - a cheesy substane produced by the baby. On the other hand, bloody amniotic fluid that is actually seen can be normal, or it can be a sign of a complication called placental abruption. In either case, this should be clarified by the ob/gyn involved. ...Read more

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What is amniotic fluid?

What is amniotic fluid?

Fluid around baby: Amniotic fluid is the fluid that surrounds and protects the baby. The baby makes the amniotic fluid. How much fluid you drink, how well the placenta works and how the baby is doing all affect how much fluid there is. Too much fluid can be concerning as can too little fluid. ...Read more

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Fetal lung fluid & urine make amniotic fluid, right? So what caused oligohydramnios?

Fetal lung fluid & urine make amniotic fluid, right? So what caused oligohydramnios?

Decreased perfusion: Oligo can be either loss of fluid or decreased production. A stressed infant will shunt oxygenated blood to more vital organs, less renal perfusion, therefore less urine produced. Anything that decreases placental perfusion can cause it (abruption or placental separation, poor implantation, vascular problems, clots, uterine abnls, etc). There are too many causes to list here, ask your ob. ...Read more

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What's alpha-fetoprotein (afp) in amniotic fluid?

What's alpha-fetoprotein (afp) in amniotic fluid?

See below: AFP is a protein produced by the yolk sac and liver of a fetus. Since it is in the plasma of the fetus, it can be found in the blood of the mother. ...Read more

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Bleeding during first trimester slightly irregular gestational sac 17mm fluid collection beside gestational sac free fluid in cervix baby hr 167?

Bleeding during first trimester slightly irregular gestational sac 17mm fluid collection beside gestational sac free fluid in cervix baby hr 167?

Threaten miscarriage: You need to wait it out and have another ultrasound in a few days. This is a threatened miscarriage. The fht is good. ...Read more

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What causes low amniotic fluid levels?

What causes low amniotic fluid levels?

Circulation issues: The amniotic fluid 'circulates' inside the uterus after it is manufactured including the baby swallowing some of it. If there are genetic problems with the fetus or problems in 'manufacturing' both can cause low levels. ...Read more

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If amniotic sac is intact during vaginal delivery or c section, Are chances of AMniotic Fluid Embolisim basically zero chance?

If amniotic sac is intact during vaginal delivery or c section, Are chances of AMniotic Fluid Embolisim basically zero chance?

Yes: Actually, AFE is quite a rare event and, to a degree, independent of a patient's ruptured status. The general idea is that there is a breech and/or permeability of the of the natural blood-amniotic barriers. This allows products of pregnancy to, unaturally, enter the maternal circulation and cause catatrophic events (primarily in the lungs), culminating in death, oftentimes. ...Read more

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At what level is amniotic fluid too low?

At what level is amniotic fluid too low?

Amniotic fluid: Fluid levels change throughout pregnancy. When someone has low fluid we call it oligohydramnios. This is where the total amniotic fluid index is less than 5.0 cmtotal or. The largest verticle measured pocket of fluid is less than 2.0 cm. Levels between 5-10 cm is low normal & can be due to multiple causes including dehydration. Discuss these findings with your md. ...Read more

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Can u leak amniotic fluid at 35 weeks of pregnancy?

Can u leak amniotic fluid at 35 weeks of pregnancy?

Yes, call OB: Call your obstetrician, could be premature rupture of membranes, infection, trauma, other things. ...Read more

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Low amniotic fluid at 39 weeks. Should they deliver?

Low amniotic fluid at 39 weeks. Should they deliver?

Probably: If your afi is < 5, yes. If it's borderline, between 5-8, it should be strongly considered unless your cervix is unfavorable (difficult to induce d/t being closed, thick, and/or firm). If they wait, you also need a normal non-stress test (nst) or biophysical profile (bpp). If your afi > 8, it's ok to wait. Discuss this with your OB & make sure you understand "kick counts" & when to go to l&d. ...Read more

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Can normal seperation of placenta during birth cause Amniotic Fluid Embolisim?

Can normal seperation of placenta during birth cause Amniotic Fluid Embolisim?

Very rare event: Amniotic fluid embolism is a very rare event occurring in about 1/50,000 deliveries. The exact cause in unknown. ...Read more

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Is low levels of amniotic fluid a big concern?

Is low levels of amniotic fluid a big concern?

Yes: Low fluid is something of concern. There is risks of growth retardation, fetal compromise due to cord compression. It could do to fetal anomalies. There is a lot of causes of low fluid. It is very important that your dr gives close f/u. ...Read more

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What does dilated fetal kidneys with normal amniotic fluid mean for a second trimester fetus?

What does dilated fetal kidneys with normal amniotic fluid mean for  a second trimester fetus?

No big deal.: Detecting renal problems by fetal ultrasound is very accurate and efficient because it can prevent serious complications postnatally. Fetal renal pyelectasis or even hydronephrosis is nothing to worry about, provided the amniotic fluid is monitored and remains normal. The neonatology team should be notified at birth to institute appropriate follow-up for the newborn; monthly ultrasounds are needed. ...Read more

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34 weeks pregnant. Amniotic fluid index, AFI=26.4. Concern? Will my baby be safe inside?

34 weeks pregnant. Amniotic fluid index, AFI=26.4. Concern? Will my baby be safe inside?

Close monitoring: The fluid levels around the baby fluctuate during pregnancy. If the fluids continue to increase and you have other medical conditions such as diabetes, your OB/GYN may choose to perform procedures to reduce the fluid as needed. Fluid level of 26 is just above the normal cusp of normal (25) and a repeat ultrasound will help. ...Read more

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18 week fetal US indicated enlarged bladder. Kidneys measured normal. Amniotic fluid normal. Any advice?

18 week fetal US indicated enlarged bladder. Kidneys measured normal. Amniotic fluid normal. Any advice?

Full bladder US?: If the ultrasound was done with a full bladder as is usually done, then the pregnancy will distort and displace the bladder at 18 weeks, so it is difficult to say that the "bladder was enlarged". Since the amniotic fluid content is OK. as well as the fetus then "no worries" at this juncture. ...Read more

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Is cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea curable?

Is cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea curable?

Yes: CSF otorrhea is caused by a defect in the bone surrounding the ear and the temporal bone. It can be cured but will require surgery to seal the leak. It is very important to have this taken care of. The risk of a untreated CSF leak is meningitis. ...Read more