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Afferent Pupillary Defects
Marcus-Gunn pupil: An afferent pupillary defect indicates a lesion in the afferent limb (retina or optic nerve) of the pupillary reflex. Such a lesion is best appreciated on the "swinging flashlight test." a lesion in the left optic nerve will decrease the perceived illumination in that eye, and when the flashlight is swung from the right to the left eye, the left pupil will appear to dilate slightly. ...Read more
My ophthalmologist said that I have afferent pupillary defect (apd 5) and hippus, what does this means?
Pupil changes: An afferent defect of the pupil refers to an abnormal dilation instead of constriction when light hits the eye. It is due to major loss of total light input in the affected eye such as massive retinal loss, optic nerve disease, etc. Hippus is a twitchy pupil jerkiness and sometimes is normal but can be seen in response to certain drugs. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
My ophthalmologist said that I have afferent pupillary defect (apd 5) and hippus in my right eye, what does this means?
Unclear question: Question makes no senseGet a more detailed answer ›
Hypovolemic shock: Your question is too open ended and very broad to answer here. Please refer to the following article from medscape or wikipedia: http://emedicine.Medscape.Com/article/760145-overview or http://en.Wikipedia.Org/wiki/hypovolemia. ...Read more
Space between eyes: This is a number needed by eyeglass makers to properly space the optical centers on eyeglasses and it is the exact distance between the centers of the two pupils when the eyes fixate at a distance. It is needed on a prescription from an optical shop (termed P.D.) and you would need it if you order eyeglasses online. ...Read more
Recent pupillary distance was measured as 65; before it was always 63, as adult. Does this reflect an underlying health issue?
Depends : If all the visual fibers in one eye are lost, then the pupil will react depending upon the light shining upon the other eye (due to interconnected reflexes) (termed amaurotic pupil). Some can lose all vision and retain the pupillary fibers so the eye will react to light. If the eye is lowered in vision (legally blind) it can still react to light. Also some blindness is from trauma; fixed pupils ...Read more