Doctor insights on:
Adrenal Metastasis Lung Cancer
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Are carcinoid tumors carcinoma? Is malignant metastatic stomach carcinoma that's hereditary a carcinoid cancer? carcinoid Neuroendocrine tumors?
Pancoast tumor: Occurs at the top of the lung and invades out and up to involve muscles, nerves, and thereby causing pain and horner's syndrome. Metastasis usually means going to another organ. If confined to chest and outward extension (?Metastasis), outlook is more optimistic. If it metastasized to brain, lung, liver or distant bones, the outlook is bleak, seek symptom management, there is no cure. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Prostate cancer: The most common metastatic site would be bones-although it also can go to other sites- lymph glands, lung, liver etc.. Symptoms will depend on the location of metastases. Bone pain, fractures would be the symptoms of bony mets. If spread to the adjacent area such as bladder area- blood in urine, lower abdomen pain, prob wi/ urination, obstruction can happen. Weight loss, weakness are common too. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Most likely not: Thyroid cancer that has spreaded to the lung is unlikely to be curable. However, there are treatments available to control the disease such as radioactive iodine if the cancer cells would pick up iodine. Patient can be treated and maintained with good quality life for many many years with repeat treatment if necessary. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Low but not zero: Stage ii colon cancer means no lymph node involvement by definition, but inadequate lymph node sampling (surgical resection) may "understage" the cancer, so make sure enough ln were taken -minimum of 12! even with appropriate surgery, mets may still occur, although very unusual, so discuss with your treating docs. A pet/ct may give some reassurance so ask if this can be done. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Unclear question: Did you mean cancer with metastatic disease to lung, liver and bone? What is the primary cancer (from which organ the initial cancer cell originated)? Either way widely metastatic disease has poor dismal prognosis with short life expectancy - so its important to figure out whats the primary as different cancer usually respond to therapy differently. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Hepatocellular carcinoma.All spleen and partial liver resection.Later,secondary systemic cancer metastasis.any targeted therapy or immunotherapy?
Yes, for both: Hepatocellular Carcinoma is commonly treated with Sorafenib which is a type of targeted therapy. This is a good choice of treatment in case you have not yet received this drug. Immunotherapy using PD-1 inhibitors has also shown some modest evidence of benefit although it is not yet FDA approved for this indication. Ask your oncologist to guide your treatment further. ...Read more
In theory, prostate cancer cells can spread anywhere in the body: In practice, though, most cases of prostate cancer metastasis occur in the lymph nodes and the bones. Prostate cancer metastasis occurs when cells break away from the tumor in the prostate. The cancer cells can travel through the lymphatic system or the bloodstream to other areas of the body. More commonly prostate cancer metastasis can occur in the: Bones, Lymph nodes, Lungs, Liver, Brain. Rare locations of prostate cancer metastasis include: Adrenal glands, Breasts, Eyes, Kidneys, Muscles, Pancreas, Salivary glands, Spleen. If you've been diagnosed with prostate cancer and you're concerned about prostate cancer metastasis, talk with your doctor about your risk of prostate cancer metastasis and your treatment options. ...Read more
Difficult.: It is treatable, but the cure rates are difficult once thyroid cancer has spread to the lungs. If this is not a hypothetical question for you or someone you know, there is limited data that a tyrosine kinase inhibitor may be helpful; it would at least be worth inquiring with your physician for their thoughts on the subject. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Colon surgery:tumor size=2cm.Pathologic staging(pt3, n1b, mx).2/17 lymph nodes show metastatic.Margins of resection free of carcinoma.Need chemotherapy?
Yes: Chemotherapy regimens based on the drug Fluorouracil (5-fu) have been part of the treatment for high-risk stage ii or stage iii colon cancer. Many clinical trials have shown that these regimens improve overall survival primarily by reducing the high risk of recurrence within the first two years after surgery. ...Read more
Many rt. Paratracheal/mediastinal, bilateral hilar nodes consistent w/metastasis. Right subcarinal metastatic node mass 3cm. Max suv 9.1. Lung cancer?
Needs Biopsy: Is there a known primary cancer? If not, you will need a biopsy of one of the nodes. Your doctor may suggest a mediastinoscopy and biopsy to get a tissue specimen. There are other causes of mediastinal node enlargement such as infection and sarcoidosis so it is important to make a definite diagnosis. Good luck. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
Deoxygenated blood enters the lungs from the right side of the heart and travels to the lungs. When you inspire, oxygen flows into the lungs, transverses the capilliares and attaches to hemoglobin down a gradient. At the same time, co2 diffuses into the capilaries and is expelled with exhalation. Oxygen rich blood then flows to the left side of the heart and into the ...Read more
A cancer begins in an organ (say the breast). If it gets into the blood stream or the lymphatic stream the cells can travel to other parts of the body where, in the right environment, they may settle and grow. This development of tumor growth far away from the original site ...Read more
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