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Doctor insights on: Adrenal Insufficiency Hyperkalemia

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Is adrenal insufficiency hereditary?

Is adrenal insufficiency hereditary?

It can be.: One cause of adrenal insufficiency, addison's disease, is an auto-immune disorder. The immune system mistakenly makes antibodies targeting one or more proteins in the adrenal cortex, and winds up destroying the adrenal cortex, so that the adrenals can no longer make cortisol, or other hormones. As is true for most auto-immune disorders, a tendency to develop addison's can run in families. ...Read more

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Dr. David Geffner
254 doctors shared insights

Addison's Disease (Definition)

Chronic adrenal insufficiency. You may consult this site for more information on this topic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/addisons-disease/home/ovc-20155636 For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any ...Read more


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What is acute adrenal insufficiency?

What is acute adrenal insufficiency?

Low cortisol : It generally means acute (recent) drop in adrenal gland hormonal production namely cortisol, a very important and life sustaining steroid. There are many reason why some one can develop ai. Autoimmune, infection, acute illness and trauma are a few examples. Need to discuss with an endocrinologist if there is need for hormonal replacement. ...Read more

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How is adrenal insufficiency diagnosed?

How is adrenal insufficiency diagnosed?

Stimulation Test: Cortisol levels vary widely between individuals, and by time of day and are affected by illness. So random levels may not be helpful. A stimulation test with an injection of Cortrosyn to make the adrenals release cortisol is used. Blood is drawn just before, and 30 and 60 minutes after the Cortrosyn injection. Stimulated levels above 18-20 usually indicate normal adrenal function. ...Read more

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What are the tests for adrenal insufficiency?

Primary vs secondary: The fault may lie in the pituitary which may produce too little acth. The adrenal responds normally to acth stimulation. If the gland is defective, there is impaired response to acth. In both there are low levels of corticosteroids in blood and urine, and similar electrolyte disturbances, e.G, high potassium. ...Read more

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What sort of problem is adrenal insufficiency?

What sort of problem is adrenal insufficiency?

No stress hormones: Can be due to autoimmune problems, infections, e.g. Tb, hiv, other, etc. Decreased production of stress hormones, can lead to fatigue, weight loss, nausea, blood pressure drops, menstrual changes, excess skin pigmentation and other symptoms. Can be a real problem if untreated and faced with acute stress like surgery or infection. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of adrenal insufficiency?

Weakness + pigment: Adrenal insufficiency, addison disease, causes, weakness, electrolyte disturbances due to high potassium, increased pigmentation of the skin, especially palms. During stress, adrenal insufficiency may lead to shock. ...Read more

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If you have adrenal insufficiency what foods should you avoid?

Foods?: Avoid any foods that keep you from going to the doctor to get your adrenal insufficiency properly evaluated and treated. In other words none. ...Read more

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Dr. Gregory Moneta
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Hyperkalemia (Definition)

Hyperkalemia in an elevated potassium level in the blood. It can be mild to severe. The most common causes are kidney disease, Addison's disease, dehydration, and multiple drug therapies. It can occur in crush injuries and rhabdomyolysis (rapid breakdown of muscle) or hemolysis (breakdown of blood cells). Severe hyperkalemia can be fatal and cause the heart to stop beating or become very slow. It is usually treated by resin exchange agents (Kayexalate or others) or dialysis and fluids. Sometimes glucose, Insulin and sodium bicarbonate can be utilized as ...Read more


Dr. Al Hegab
129 doctors shared insights

Addisonian Crisis (Definition)

Addisonian or acute adrenal crisis is a life-threatening condition that occurs when there is not enough cortisol, a hormone produced by the adrenal glands. It can manifest with fatigue, nausea, poor appetite, fever, joint pain, fatigue, coma, or seizure. Addison's disease is usually treated ...Read more