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Doctor insights on: Adrenal Insufficiency Hypercalcemia

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Is adrenal insufficiency hereditary?

Is adrenal insufficiency hereditary?

It can be.: One cause of adrenal insufficiency, addison's disease, is an auto-immune disorder. The immune system mistakenly makes antibodies targeting one or more proteins in the adrenal cortex, and winds up destroying the adrenal cortex, so that the adrenals can no longer make cortisol, or other hormones. As is true for most auto-immune disorders, a tendency to develop addison's can run in families. ...Read more

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Dr. David Geffner
261 doctors shared insights

Addison's Disease (Definition)

Chronic adrenal insufficiency. You may consult this site for more information on this topic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/addisons-disease/home/ovc-20155636 For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any ...Read more


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What is primary adrenal insufficiency (addisons disease)?

What is primary adrenal insufficiency (addisons disease)?

Adrenal cortex: The adrenal cortex makes lots of hormones. Very important are cortisol and aldosterone which help maintain life and salt balance. Addison's disease is caused by adrenal cortex damage rendering it unable to make these hormones anymore, mostly autoimmune cause in us. Patients often have a bronzed look. Hydrocortisone replacement is a lifesaving necessity. Fludrocortisone may also become necessary. ...Read more

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What causes adrenal insufficiency?

What causes adrenal insufficiency?

Multiple causes: Infections of the gland by bacteria, including meningococcus and tb, metastatic tumors and primary tumors of adrenals, metabolic disorders, e.g., congenital adrenal hyperplasia, lack of pituitary stimulation, amyloid infiltration and sudden stoppage of steroid treatment etc. ...Read more

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Can cryofibrinogenemia cause partial adrenal insufficiency?

Can cryofibrinogenemia cause partial adrenal insufficiency?

Theoretically yes: Cryofibrinogenemia increases your risk of arterial and venous clots. Antiphospholipid syndrome does the same thing, and is associated in rare cases with primary adrenal insufficiency. So it's theoretically possible that the same mechanism could cause adrenal insufficiency in cryofibrinogenemia, by clotting off the blood vessels that supply the adrenal glands. Good question! ...Read more

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Can kidney cysts cause adrenal insufficiency?

Can kidney cysts cause adrenal insufficiency?

No: The adrenal glands, sitting on top of each kidney, are typically preserved in cystic kidney diseases. However that does not exclude screening for ai if clinical features are present such as unexplained hypotension, salt craving or worsening headaches. ...Read more

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How is adrenal insufficiency diagnosed?

How is adrenal insufficiency diagnosed?

Stimulation Test: Cortisol levels vary widely between individuals, and by time of day and are affected by illness. So random levels may not be helpful. A stimulation test with an injection of Cortrosyn to make the adrenals release cortisol is used. Blood is drawn just before, and 30 and 60 minutes after the Cortrosyn injection. Stimulated levels above 18-20 usually indicate normal adrenal function. ...Read more

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What is adrenal insufficiency?

What is adrenal insufficiency?

Low adrenal function: The adrenal glands make a number of different hormones, most importantly cortisol. When a person's adrenals cannot make normal amounts of cortisol, they are diagnosed with adrenal insufficiency, or failure. This can be due to a problem in the adrenals (infection, tumor, bleeding, auto-immune destruction) or in the pituitary or parts of the brain that control the adrenals. ...Read more

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Can adrenal insufficiency contribute to osteoporosis?

Over-treatment: In patients with adrenal insufficiency because of adrenal cortex dysfunction or central acth deficiency, over treating with steroids (ie: hydrocortisone, prednisone, dexamethasone) can certainly lead to osteoporosis. Patients with adrenal insufficiency are closely followed by their endocrinologists. ...Read more

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Can Lyme disease cause adrenal insufficiency?

Lyme disease: There is much speculation, primarily in the lay press about "adrenal exhaustion" due to lyme disease. This seems to be purely theoretical and not based on any firm scientific evidence. The problem is that there is much we do not understand about lyme disease, and it has been the speculative cause of many unexplained illnesses. Stick to "proven" facts, and adrenal insufficiency is not. ...Read more

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Do women with addison's adrenal insufficiency have low estrogen ?

Not significantly: The adrenal glands produce hormones which are precursors to estrogen, but that only comprises a small amount relative to what the ovaries make. Ovaries are the source of most estrogen in females. If menstrual cycles are irregular in properly treated addison's disease, autoimmune disease of the ovaries may need to be considered also. ...Read more

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What is acute adrenal insufficiency?

What is acute adrenal insufficiency?

Low cortisol : It generally means acute (recent) drop in adrenal gland hormonal production namely cortisol, a very important and life sustaining steroid. There are many reason why some one can develop ai. Autoimmune, infection, acute illness and trauma are a few examples. Need to discuss with an endocrinologist if there is need for hormonal replacement. ...Read more

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Is primary adrenal insufficiency the same as addison's disease?

Often, yes: Addison's disease is an autoimmune disease which harms the cortex of the adrenal glands. However, anything that damages the adrenal cortex can also cause primary adrenal insufficiency. ...Read more

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Is adrenal insufficiency the same as addison's disease?

Not exactly: Addison' s disease is a state of adrenal insufficiency but not vice versa as there are many other causes besides ad ( an autoimmune disease) that can lead to cortisol deficiency state such as tuberculosis of the adrenals, hemorrhage of the adrenals, certain genetic storage syndromes and hypopituitarism. ...Read more

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Adrenal fatigue syndrome, treatment?

Adrenal fatigue syndrome, treatment?

Many possibilities.: There are innumerable medical, nutritional and emotional conditions that include being tired as a symptom. These range from simple issues to those far more complex. A good checkup and blood testing would be a good starting point. If you're embarking on a regimen for adrenal fatigue, just make sure the diagnosis is accurate and the work up is complete. ...Read more

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What causes renal insufficiency?

Descriptor only: Renal insufficiency is a descriptor that your kidney function is not 100% of normal. Usually providers call a function between 60-99% insufficiency. The cause could be anything from incorrect lab ( the calculated function is an estimate only), taking Ibuprofen regularly, recurrent kidney infections, hypertension, diabetes and glomerulonephritis( kidney filter inflammation). See your provider. ...Read more

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Will T3 (liothyronine) cure adrenal insufficiency?

Will T3 (liothyronine) cure adrenal insufficiency?

No: Adrenal insufficiency is the result of the failure of the adrenal glands to make cortisol. T3 (liothyronine) will not treat adrenal insufficiency because it is a thyroid hormone. ...Read more

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Adrenal fatigue, hypoadrenia, adrenal glands. Can i rebuild my adrenals?

Adrenal fatigue, hypoadrenia, adrenal glands. Can i rebuild my adrenals?

Yes: Should there be loss of adrenocortical function, steroid replacement is advocated to rebuild the normal stamina. ...Read more

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Can spironolactone cause low DHEA leading to adrenal insufficiency?

No: Spironolactone blocks some of the effects of "androgens" (including DHEA). It could potentially lower the levels of some of the androgens, but it will not lower cortisol and cause adrenal insufficiency. ...Read more

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Hypoadrenalism, hypocortisolism and adrenal insufficiency.. Is it the same?

Hypoadrenalism, hypocortisolism and adrenal insufficiency.. Is it the same?

Yes and no: They are often, and incorrectly, used interchangeably. Hypocortisolism is low cortisol, no matter what the cause. Hypoadrenalism is a general term which does not specify which hormone or hormones are low. Adrenal insufficiency means a deficiency in all adrenal hormones, but is incorrectly used to refer to low cortisol levels. Pituitary deficiency can cause low cortisolare you now properly confused. ...Read more

Dr. Patricia Foster
131 doctors shared insights

Addisonian Crisis (Definition)

Addisonian or acute adrenal crisis is a life-threatening condition that occurs when there is not enough cortisol, a hormone produced by the adrenal glands. It can manifest with fatigue, nausea, poor appetite, fever, joint pain, fatigue, coma, or seizure. Addison's disease is usually treated ...Read more


Dr. Cayce Jehaimi
381 doctors shared insights

Adrenal Insufficiency (Definition)

Adrenal insufficiency is either an absent or abnormally low production and/or secretion of hormones produced by the adrenal gland. Hormones produced by the adrenal glands include those involved with salt regulation, sugar metabolism, and sex hormones ...Read more