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Doctor insights on: Adrenal Insufficiency Electrolytes

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Is adrenal insufficiency hereditary?

Is adrenal insufficiency hereditary?

It can be.: One cause of adrenal insufficiency, addison's disease, is an auto-immune disorder. The immune system mistakenly makes antibodies targeting one or more proteins in the adrenal cortex, and winds up destroying the adrenal cortex, so that the adrenals can no longer make cortisol, or other hormones. As is true for most auto-immune disorders, a tendency to develop addison's can run in families. ...Read more

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Dr. David Geffner
262 doctors shared insights

Addison's Disease (Definition)

Chronic adrenal insufficiency. You may consult this site for more information on this topic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/addisons-disease/home/ovc-20155636 For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any ...Read more


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What causes adrenal insufficiency?

What causes adrenal insufficiency?

Multiple causes: Infections of the gland by bacteria, including meningococcus and tb, metastatic tumors and primary tumors of adrenals, metabolic disorders, e.g., congenital adrenal hyperplasia, lack of pituitary stimulation, amyloid infiltration and sudden stoppage of steroid treatment etc. ...Read more

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What is primary adrenal insufficiency (addisons disease)?

What is primary adrenal insufficiency (addisons disease)?

Adrenal cortex: The adrenal cortex makes lots of hormones. Very important are cortisol and aldosterone which help maintain life and salt balance. Addison's disease is caused by adrenal cortex damage rendering it unable to make these hormones anymore, mostly autoimmune cause in us. Patients often have a bronzed look. Hydrocortisone replacement is a lifesaving necessity. Fludrocortisone may also become necessary. ...Read more

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Can kidney cysts cause adrenal insufficiency?

Can kidney cysts cause adrenal insufficiency?

No: The adrenal glands, sitting on top of each kidney, are typically preserved in cystic kidney diseases. However that does not exclude screening for ai if clinical features are present such as unexplained hypotension, salt craving or worsening headaches. ...Read more

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Adrenal fatigue, hypoadrenia, adrenal glands. Can i rebuild my adrenals?

Adrenal fatigue, hypoadrenia, adrenal glands. Can i rebuild my adrenals?

Yes: Should there be loss of adrenocortical function, steroid replacement is advocated to rebuild the normal stamina. ...Read more

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Do women with addison's adrenal insufficiency have low estrogen ?

Do women with addison's adrenal insufficiency have low estrogen ?

Not significantly: The adrenal glands produce hormones which are precursors to estrogen, but that only comprises a small amount relative to what the ovaries make. Ovaries are the source of most estrogen in females. If menstrual cycles are irregular in properly treated addison's disease, autoimmune disease of the ovaries may need to be considered also. ...Read more

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Will T3 (liothyronine) cure adrenal insufficiency?

Will T3 (liothyronine) cure adrenal insufficiency?

No: Adrenal insufficiency is the result of the failure of the adrenal glands to make cortisol. T3 (liothyronine) will not treat adrenal insufficiency because it is a thyroid hormone. ...Read more

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Can cryofibrinogenemia cause partial adrenal insufficiency?

Can cryofibrinogenemia cause partial adrenal insufficiency?

Theoretically yes: Cryofibrinogenemia increases your risk of arterial and venous clots. Antiphospholipid syndrome does the same thing, and is associated in rare cases with primary adrenal insufficiency. So it's theoretically possible that the same mechanism could cause adrenal insufficiency in cryofibrinogenemia, by clotting off the blood vessels that supply the adrenal glands. Good question! ...Read more

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Would acth and cortisol be low or high with adrenal insufficiency?

Cortisol: Would be low. Acth would be high if it were an adrenal cause; low if it was a pituitary cause. ...Read more

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Is central diabetes insipidus related to adrenal insuffiency? Im having an ACTH test to check adrenal function.

Is central diabetes insipidus related to adrenal insuffiency? Im having an ACTH test to check adrenal function.

Can be: Hi. If you have Addison's (skin, crease, gum, and scar darkening, malaise, nausea, dizziness, vital signs abnormalities, electrolyte abnormalities, etc), your ACTH will be very high. Addison's is most commonly an autoimmune disease. At least a subset of idiopathic central DI appears to be autoimmune in nature, and the risk of that goes up with other autoimmune diseases. If real, you got 2 rare 1's ...Read more

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Can adrenal insufficiency contribute to osteoporosis?

Over-treatment: In patients with adrenal insufficiency because of adrenal cortex dysfunction or central acth deficiency, over treating with steroids (ie: hydrocortisone, prednisone, dexamethasone) can certainly lead to osteoporosis. Patients with adrenal insufficiency are closely followed by their endocrinologists. ...Read more

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Can spironolactone cause low DHEA leading to adrenal insufficiency?

No: Spironolactone blocks some of the effects of "androgens" (including DHEA). It could potentially lower the levels of some of the androgens, but it will not lower cortisol and cause adrenal insufficiency. ...Read more

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How is adrenal insufficiency diagnosed?

How is adrenal insufficiency diagnosed?

Stimulation Test: Cortisol levels vary widely between individuals, and by time of day and are affected by illness. So random levels may not be helpful. A stimulation test with an injection of Cortrosyn to make the adrenals release cortisol is used. Blood is drawn just before, and 30 and 60 minutes after the Cortrosyn injection. Stimulated levels above 18-20 usually indicate normal adrenal function. ...Read more

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Why does thyroid replacement therapy in hypoadrenalism cause adrenal crisis?

Great question!: Even people with adrenal problems often make a little bit of cortisol. This little bit can be enough to keep them from getting very sick. In hypothyroidism the body's need for cortisol goes down and the little bit you make lasts longer. So if a person has both thyroid and adrenal disease, treating the thyroid without treating the adrenal problem first causes the little cortisol to run out quicker. ...Read more

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Can a electrolyte panel show an adrenal insufficiency?

Perhaps: If you have a high potassium with or without a low sodium prior to treatment with steroids. ...Read more

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Is primary adrenal insufficiency the same as addison's disease?

Often, yes: Addison's disease is an autoimmune disease which harms the cortex of the adrenal glands. However, anything that damages the adrenal cortex can also cause primary adrenal insufficiency. ...Read more

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Can adrenal insufficiency cause high blood pressure?

Can adrenal insufficiency cause high blood pressure?

Quite the opposite: Low cortisol level as its usually the case in ai, generally leads to low or low normal bp, not the contrary. If hypertension takes place in the presence of ai (and new in onset), then this may be an ominous sign as it may imply a cerebral (brain) insult either due to hypoglycemia or brain ischemia due to poor vascular perfusion. Please discuss this with your physician in a timely manner. ...Read more

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Does a electrolyte panel show an adrenal insufficiency?

Does a electrolyte panel show an adrenal insufficiency?

Possibly: An electrolyte panel does not diagnose adrenal insufficiency but it can provide clues about a possible adrenal problem. Patient with adrenal insufficiency can have low glucose, low sodium and high potassium on an electrolyte panel. ...Read more

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Dr. Steven Griggs
132 doctors shared insights

Addisonian Crisis (Definition)

Addisonian or acute adrenal crisis is a life-threatening condition that occurs when there is not enough cortisol, a hormone produced by the adrenal glands. It can manifest with fatigue, nausea, poor appetite, fever, joint pain, fatigue, coma, or seizure. Addison's disease is usually treated ...Read more


Dr. Cayce Jehaimi
382 doctors shared insights

Adrenal Insufficiency (Definition)

Adrenal insufficiency is either an absent or abnormally low production and/or secretion of hormones produced by the adrenal gland. Hormones produced by the adrenal glands include those involved with salt regulation, sugar metabolism, and sex hormones ...Read more