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Doctor insights on: Adrenal Cortex

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Will repeated adrenal crisis weaken the adrenal gland?

Will repeated adrenal crisis weaken the adrenal gland?

No: People have an "adrenal crisis" only when the adrenal is already very weakened or absent. The crisis can be dangerous, but will not affect the gland itself. ...Read more

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Cortex (Definition)

Cortex is the outer layer of any organ. Examples are cerbral cortex, renal cortex and adrenal ...Read more


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Adrenal fatigue, hypoadrenia, adrenal glands. Can i rebuild my adrenals?

Adrenal fatigue, hypoadrenia, adrenal glands. Can i rebuild my adrenals?

Yes: Should there be loss of adrenocortical function, steroid replacement is advocated to rebuild the normal stamina. ...Read more

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Does resetting the hypothalamus affect pituitary tumor?

Does resetting the hypothalamus affect pituitary tumor?

Depends on case: If you mean suppressing the gland, such as using bromocryptine for a pituitary adenoma, it can help control the symtpoms and prolactinomas can shrink. For other tumors, this may not be the case art all - for metastases to the pituitary or for craniopharyngioma, addressing hormone function generally does not affect the tumor's growth, although hormone symptoms can be relieved quite a bit. ...Read more

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Does pituitary gland adenoma affect patients mentally?

Does pituitary gland adenoma affect patients mentally?

Could: ACTH producing pituitary adenoma may cause psychiatric symptoms due to elevation of steroids. A large adenoma may impinge on brain structure and cause mental symptoms. For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex. Get HPV vaccine. ...Read more

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What hormone is produced by the adrenal cortex?

What hormone is produced by the adrenal cortex?

Rather 3 not 1: In a nutshell: 1- Cortisol, which is cortisone important for several metabolic functions,its release is regulated by the pituitary gland in the brain, 2- Aldosterone, plays a role in controlling blood pressure and balancing salts in circulation, and 3- acts a secondary site for producing Androgens, as testosterone and others, which have several effects on muscle mass and cell growth, ...Read more

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Are a pituitary and adrenal tumor related?

Are a pituitary and adrenal tumor related?

Sometimes: Cushing disease occurs when the pituitary gland produces a substance that causes both adrenal glands to secrete too much cortisol. This excess cortisol leads to a series of problems that may include diabetes, hypertension, obesity, fatigue, porr wound healing, and others. Treatment is usually directed at the pituitary tumor. ...Read more

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How does cortisone damage adrenal cortex?

How does cortisone damage adrenal cortex?

Supression: Adrenal gland produces cortisol. External sources of cortisol(cortisone) will suppress the normal adrenal function. ...Read more

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What pituitary hormones cause the adrenal gland to produce mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, and androgens and estrogens including pregnenolone?

What pituitary hormones cause the adrenal gland to produce mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, and androgens and estrogens including pregnenolone?

Pituitary & steroids: Hi. Pituitary ACTH regulates adrenal cortisol production; it also acutely stimulates aldosterone, but is not the principle regulator. LH principally stimulates gonadal steroid hormone production (both genders make androgens & estrogens, but in opposite dominance). Pregnenolone is early in the steroidogenic pathway in both adrenals and gonads. Good luck! ...Read more

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What gland produces oxytocin, vasopressin adh?

What gland produces oxytocin, vasopressin adh?

The pituitary gland.: These hormones are chemically very similar, yet functionally distinct. ...Read more

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Does the adrenal gland affect the thyroid gland?

Does the adrenal gland affect the thyroid gland?

No: Both are stimulated by the anterior pituitary (tsh and acth), but don't necessarily affect each other;. ...Read more

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Hypoadrenalism, hypocortisolism and adrenal insufficiency.. Is it the same?

Hypoadrenalism, hypocortisolism and adrenal insufficiency.. Is it the same?

Yes and no: They are often, and incorrectly, used interchangeably. Hypocortisolism is low cortisol, no matter what the cause. Hypoadrenalism is a general term which does not specify which hormone or hormones are low. Adrenal insufficiency means a deficiency in all adrenal hormones, but is incorrectly used to refer to low cortisol levels. Pituitary deficiency can cause low cortisolare you now properly confused. ...Read more

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Which organs do the pituitary gland influence?

Which organs do the pituitary gland influence?

Many: Breast, adrenal glands, thyroid glands, ovaries and testes, and kidneys, bones muscles, metabolism of the whole body blood pressure control and others. ...Read more

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Can a adrenal adenoma stop functioning?

Can a adrenal adenoma stop functioning?

No: An adrenal adenoma is a benign tumor of the adrenal gland. It typically causes no complications. Someimes these tumors become "active" or "functioning" producing hormones, often in excess of what the adrenal glands typically produce. This excess of hormones can cause primary aldosteronism, Cushing's syndrome and other medical conditions. They do not stop hormone production.once functional. ...Read more

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Are all steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex?

Are all steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex?

No: Hi. No, the adrenal cortex produces cortisol and aldosterone. Testes and ovaries produce estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone (although very different between the two different glands (and genders), of course. In addition, there's a whole fledgling field of brain steroids, some of which are made in the brain, and some of which are derived from adrenal steroids. NOW, we're havin' FUN! ...Read more

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What is the adrenal medulla?

What is the adrenal medulla?

The central core: The adrenal is actually to glands in one! the outer part (cortex) makes steroid hormones. The central part (medulla) makes Epinephrine and norepinephrine. These are fight or flight hormones that raise pulse and BP instantaneously in response to stress. ...Read more

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Does adrenal tumor cause gout?

No: I am not aware of any association between gout and adrenal tumors and couldn't find a case in a brief pubmed search. ...Read more

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How are the adrenal glands which secrete testosterone hormones blocked?

How are the adrenal glands which secrete testosterone hormones blocked?

With medication.: The adrenal glands produce androgenic hormones that can be blocked with medication. Aminoglutethimide, ketoconazole, abiraterone & tak-700 (orteronel) are examples, blocking the synthesis of steroid compounds in the glands. Other essential hormones that are blocked may need to be replaced. Surgical removal of both glands would also eliminate adrenal androgens, but it is not done for this purpose. ...Read more

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I was wondering does the pituitary gland control the adrenal medulla?

I was wondering does the pituitary gland control the adrenal medulla?

No : Hi. No, the pituitary controls the part of the adrenal cortex that makes cortisol, and is a secondary regulator of the part of the cortex that makes aldosterone. Cortisol does have influential effects on the adrenal medulla, so I guess you could say there are some downstream effects from the pituitary. ...Read more

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Why does acetylcholine, an inhibitory neurotransmitter, cause the adrenal glands to release stimulatory hormones?

Why does acetylcholine, an inhibitory neurotransmitter, cause the adrenal glands to release stimulatory hormones?

Not correct: Hi. Acetyl choline (ACh) is not an inhibitory neurotransmitter. The sympathetic nervous system uses ACh as the neurotransmitter in the sympathetic ganglia (the 1st synapse outside the CNS). Usually that's from one neuron to another, but in the adrenal medulla, the cells are really the second neuron, but they release their contents (catecholamines) into the blood, not onto an organ (like the heart) ...Read more

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