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Doctor insights on: Adrenal Anoma

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What is congenital adrenal hyperplasia?

What is congenital adrenal hyperplasia?

Enzyme defeciency: This disease results from deficiency of an enzyme, 21 hydroxylase, that is essential for synthesis of adrenal hormones. Block in the synthesis of glucoroticoids causes excess production of male sex hormones. See this site for more information. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/pmh0001448/. ...Read more

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Who has congenital adrenal hyperplasia?

Who has congenital adrenal hyperplasia?

Enzyme deficiency: Deficiency of 21 hydroxylase enzyme needed for synthesis of gluco- and mineralo-corticoids causes excessive production of sex hormones, mainly male sex hormones. The result is endocrine disturbance in both boys and girls and virilization in girls. ...Read more

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Is adrenal insufficiency hereditary?

Is adrenal insufficiency hereditary?

It can be.: One cause of adrenal insufficiency, addison's disease, is an auto-immune disorder. The immune system mistakenly makes antibodies targeting one or more proteins in the adrenal cortex, and winds up destroying the adrenal cortex, so that the adrenals can no longer make cortisol, or other hormones. As is true for most auto-immune disorders, a tendency to develop addison's can run in families. ...Read more

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What is primary adrenal insufficiency (addisons disease)?

What is primary adrenal insufficiency (addisons disease)?

Adrenal cortex: The adrenal cortex makes lots of hormones. Very important are cortisol and aldosterone which help maintain life and salt balance. Addison's disease is caused by adrenal cortex damage rendering it unable to make these hormones anymore, mostly autoimmune cause in us. Patients often have a bronzed look. Hydrocortisone replacement is a lifesaving necessity. Fludrocortisone may also become necessary. ...Read more

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Are a pituitary and adrenal tumor related?

Are a pituitary and adrenal tumor related?

Sometimes: Cushing disease occurs when the pituitary gland produces a substance that causes both adrenal glands to secrete too much cortisol. This excess cortisol leads to a series of problems that may include diabetes, hypertension, obesity, fatigue, porr wound healing, and others. Treatment is usually directed at the pituitary tumor. ...Read more

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Can a adrenal adenoma stop functioning?

No: An adrenal adenoma is a benign tumor of the adrenal gland. It typically causes no complications. Someimes these tumors become "active" or "functioning" producing hormones, often in excess of what the adrenal glands typically produce. This excess of hormones can cause primary aldosteronism, Cushing's syndrome and other medical conditions. They do not stop hormone production.once functional. ...Read more

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What is adrenal gland cancer?

What is adrenal gland cancer?

See below: There are two part of the adrenal gland and each has different types of cancer. See this site for more info. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/adrenalglandcancer.html. ...Read more

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Are carcinoid tumors carcinoma? Is malignant metastatic stomach carcinoma that's hereditary a carcinoid cancer? carcinoid Neuroendocrine tumors?

Are carcinoid tumors carcinoma? Is malignant metastatic stomach carcinoma that's hereditary a carcinoid cancer? carcinoid Neuroendocrine tumors?

Complicated question: Carcinoids are carcinomas, usually more slow growing than adenocarcinomas. For information in this topic you may consult this link: http://www.webmd.com/cancer/carcinoid-tumors#1 ...Read more

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How is adrenal gland cancer discovered?

How is adrenal gland cancer discovered?

Usually CT scan: Usually by a ct scan done to workup flank or abdominal pain - sometimes a ct done for other conditions, and occasionally during a workup for hormone excess (cushing's syndrome). ...Read more

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Can follicular adenoma thyroid nodules be serious?

Can  follicular adenoma thyroid nodules be serious?

Yes.: A follicular adenoma may be a wolf in sheep's clothing, because cells from follicular adenomas and follicular carcinomas can look the same. Other follicular adenomas may have almost no chance of being cancers, but overproduce thyroid hormone, and need treatment to prevent harmful effects of hyperthyroidism on the bones, heart and other tissues. ...Read more

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What is an adrenal cancer tumour test?

What is an adrenal cancer tumour test?

No specific test: There is no specific test for adrenal cancer. Diagnosis is based on endocrine abnormalities and imaging. Depending on the part of adrenal affected, there are different endocrine abnormalities. ...Read more

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Bilateral lung nodules,Atelectasis prior papilloma thyroid CA.Pituitary Adenoma,Chiari Malformation,FMD,enlarged common bile duct no stones. Genetic?

Bilateral lung nodules,Atelectasis prior papilloma thyroid CA.Pituitary Adenoma,Chiari Malformation,FMD,enlarged common bile duct no stones. Genetic?

Maybe genetic: Probably should have genetic consult. Forinstance Chiari malformation, fibromuscular dysplasia, and thyroid cancer can be associated with neurofibromatosis. Lung nodules are non specific and can be from some infections but also metastatic disease sometimes from papillary thyroid cancer. You may want to consult a geneticist physician. ...Read more

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How is an adrenal tumor diagnosed?

Imaging studies: Imaging studies (ct scan, mri, u/s) are used to diagnosed an adrenal tumor...Then you need lab tests to know if the tumor is producing hormones... ...Read more

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Can kidney cysts cause adrenal insufficiency?

Can kidney cysts cause adrenal insufficiency?

No: The adrenal glands, sitting on top of each kidney, are typically preserved in cystic kidney diseases. However that does not exclude screening for ai if clinical features are present such as unexplained hypotension, salt craving or worsening headaches. ...Read more

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Can a pituitary tumor cause thyroiditis?

Can a pituitary tumor cause thyroiditis?

No: Hi. No, a pituitary tumor can't cause thyroiditis. Pituitary tumors can cause hypothyroidism & hyperthyroidism (by different mechanisms), but can't cause thyroiditis. If both are coexistent, they're independent. All the best! ...Read more