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Doctor insights on: Addiction Substance Abuse

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What's substance abuse or chemical dependence?

What's substance abuse or chemical dependence?

Maladaptive pattern: Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a maladaptive patterned use of a substance (drug) in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods not condoned by medical professionals. Substance abuse/drug abuse is not limited to mood-altering or psycho-active drugs. Activity is also considered substance abuse when inappropriately used(as in steroids for performance enhancement). ...Read more

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Dr. Vasu Brown
612 doctors shared insights

Addiction (Definition)

Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory, and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors. A person affected by addiction will be unable to consistently Abstain from use, will have Impaired Behavioral control, will have Craving or increased "hunger" for drugs or rewarding experiences, will have a Dysfunctional Emotional response, and will show diminished recognition of significant problems with their own ...Read more


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What's substance dependence vs addiction?

What's substance dependence vs addiction?

Addiction vs.: Dependence. Some drugs have effects on the body that the body becomes used to. This is dependence. If the drug is suddenly withdrawn, the patient will experience a withdrawal syndrome untill the body readjusts. Addiction is an uncontrollable, compulsive need for and use of a substance despite negative consequences (deteriorating health, memory, loss of relationships, legal problems, etc.). ...Read more

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Who coined the term substance abuse (ie, alcoholism, legal and illegal drug abuse, etc.)?

Who coined the term substance abuse (ie, alcoholism, legal and illegal drug abuse, etc.)?

Not clear: The term alcoholism was originally coined in 1849 by magnus huss. Untill the 1940s it referred primarily to the physical consequences of long-term heavy drinking. I am not sure about the term substance abuse. ...Read more

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When does substance usage become substance abuse?

When does substance usage become substance abuse?

When you strat: Asking for it , this you start your addiction, be careful. ...Read more

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Is gambling addiction a real addiction (like heroin)?

Is gambling addiction a real addiction (like heroin)?

Yes: If by "real addiction" you mean "very hard to stop" and "can actually get physical symptoms when you try to stop", then indeed it is. The physical symptoms are milder but the craving is as real, and the risk of suicide is far greater. Don't look down on a compulsive gambler as weak; it's a strange combination of brain chemicals, and may respond to medication and/or wise talk. ...Read more

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How is narcotic abuse, dependence, withdrawal or intoxication self-diagnosed?

How is narcotic abuse, dependence, withdrawal or intoxication self-diagnosed?

Easy...: If you are taking more than prescribed, then you are abusing. If you can't stop taking the medication, then you are dependent. Dependence is not necessarily a negative thing however, as you may depend on a medication for relief to function normally. ...Read more

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Any substance abuse treatment centers for people with ketamine addiction?

Any substance abuse treatment centers for people with ketamine addiction?

AAC: Ketamine is gaining popularity as a club drug between young adults. Separate perception from sensation. Call american addiction centers at 866- 572-1806. ...Read more

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Do people recreationally abuse propoxyphene?

Do people recreationally abuse propoxyphene?

Of course...: Anything that can cause a mental “change in state”, will be used or abused by someone to achieve a brain change. Some substances, like alcohol, cause a reliable change in state that is similar from person to person. Other substances, like propoxyphene, produced a more unreliable change & only at higher, more dangerous doses. Also, it's not available in usa anymore. ...Read more

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What defines drug abuse?

What defines drug abuse?

Drug Abuse : In dsm-iv, this is a persistent, "maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress." there are: failure to fulfill major role obligations at work, school, or home; recurrent drug use in physically hazardous situations (like driving); recurrent substance-related legal problems; & continued use despite social problems caused/worsened by the drug use. ...Read more

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What constitutes psychological elder abuse?

What constitutes psychological elder abuse?

Elder Abuse: Elder abuse is “any form of mistreatment that results in harm or loss to an older person.” people of trust, such as adult children, grandchildren and other known caregivers can take advantage of the declining mental and physical capacity of an elder. Emotional abuse is inflicting mental pain, anguish, or distress on a senior person through verbal or nonverbal acts, e.g. Humiliating, intimidating. ...Read more

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Could gambling lead to gambling addiction?

Could gambling lead to gambling addiction?

Yes: Dr. Fowler's advice is very good. Of all the addictions, this is the one that's most likely to lead to suicide. Just experimenting with gambling usually does not lead to disaster -- but who wants to mess with it? You certain to lose your money in the long run. Why not spend it on something meaningful? ...Read more

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Dr. Alan Ali Dr. Ali
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How is substance abuse diagnosed?

Dr. Alan Ali Dr. Ali
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How is substance abuse diagnosed?

Substance abuse: Signs and symptoms depending on the substance and pattern of use, plus urine drug screen. ...Read more

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How does enabling of substance abuse happen?

How does enabling of substance abuse happen?

People confuse: Love with helping. So a father bails out his son, or a mom pours the alcohol down the drain. And addicts are extremely effective manipulators who get well meaning friends and family members to help them continue to use. ...Read more

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What are the DSM criteria for substance dependence and alcohol abuse?

What are the DSM criteria for substance dependence and alcohol abuse?

Addiction: Alcohol/drugs can be robustly abused by someone but as long as the person is not addicted to it, and doesn't miss it after putting it down, the diagnosis is alcohol abuse. If, however, the person feels either physically or psychologically addicted/dependent on it and either cannot go a day without it, or binge drinks uncontrollably the diagnosis is alcohol dependence. ...Read more

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What's substance or drug misuse?

What's substance or drug misuse?

Definition: The dsm-iv-tr has very specific criteria for substance abuse or substance dependence. Substance misuse, however, is not well defined but often the term is used when a person is engaging in maladaptive behaviors with regard to a substance that does not meet full criteria for abuse or dependence. Getting help before the problem worsens is key. Aa/na and sponsor and getting treatment for the problem. ...Read more

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Is substance abuse a form of mental illness?

Is substance abuse a form of mental illness?

Both: Mental illness and substance abuse (sa) can be co- occurring disorders. Sa by itself can be seen as a mental illness. Some conditions like depression and anxiety can be causative factors or can be as a result of the substance being used. However the chemical dependency is usually treated first. Then it is easier to know if its a cause or an effect. Getting clean is the path as u treat the others. ...Read more

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How does an addict overcome meth addiction?

How does an addict overcome meth addiction?

Seek support: Treatment for amphetamine addiction involves rehab counseling that can either be done on an outpatient basis or residential treatment (or inpatient) depending on the severity. Sometimes there are other psychiatric disorders that are co-occurring with the addiction and thus it is good to have an evaluation to see if other treatments for other disorders are necessary. ...Read more

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Emotionally disturbed addict. I'm a recovering alcohol, crack, heroin and Valium addict, how to cope?

You need support: Few people, if anyone, can recover all on their own. There are self-help groups like aa/na and others, formal therapy groups that use cognitive behavioral therapy, individual psychotherapies and family/couples therapies. Work on improving health with diet and exercise, and develop other fulfilling activities and hobbies, religious and/or meditative practices. Treat underlying psychiatric problem. ...Read more

Dr. Vasu Brown
265 doctors shared insights

Substance Abuse (Definition)

Substance abuse refers to a dependence on a harmful or addictive substance, most often drugs or alcohol. The substance is often used to suppress difficult feelings and results in impaired intimate and work relationships. Substance abuse is diagnosed by observing the pattern of use, looking for tolerance, and withdrawal upon halting the use of the substance. Recovery begins with the substance abuser admitting being out of control and ...Read more


Dr. Peter Kurzweil
167 doctors shared insights

Drug Problems (Definition)

occur when use of either illicit , prescription or over - the - counter medications negatively ...Read more