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Doctor insights on: Acyanotic Heart Defects

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Are congenital heart defects hereditary?

Are congenital heart defects hereditary?

Depends on variables: There are a few syndromes with high frequency of specific heart defects that can have inheritance risk up to 50%. Most, however, are part of a complex inheritance pattern with around 5% risk.This 5% would include any pattern of congenital heart defect, not necessarily the same one. ...Read more

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Are congenital heart defects usually deadly?

Are congenital heart defects usually deadly?

No: In fact, most babies with congenital heart disease are expected to reach adulthood. Some of the more severe lesions have up to a 30% mortality in the first year, however these are less common than the more treatable defects. ...Read more

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Are heart valve abnormalities classified as birth defects?

Are heart valve abnormalities classified as birth defects?

Some: A bicuspid aortic valve or a prolapsing mitral valve are present from birth. Many other heart valve abnormalities are acquired, either through scarring from infection, calcium deposition, or mal-apposition due to dilatation of cardiac chambers, among other things. ...Read more

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Are heart murmurs classified as birth defects?

Are heart murmurs classified as birth defects?

No: Murmurs that are not caused by an abnormality are common. They are called "functional murmurs", and are of no concern whatsoever. ...Read more

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Can a patent ductus arteriosus cause heart murmur?

Can a patent ductus arteriosus cause heart murmur?

Yes: Many patients with patent ductus arteriosus (pda) will have a murmur, and that murmur is often described as machinery or continuous. ...Read more

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Bradycardia and rbbb, history heart defect?

Bradycardia and rbbb, history heart defect?

Get seen: Some folks are born with problems with the av node and its branches ("right bundle branch block", etc.), or a tiny heart attack or a bit of amyloid or a few other things can cause troubles here as well. A cardiologist visit's probably in order, and you may end up chatting about whether you want an electronic pacemaker. ...Read more

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Is congenital heart disease genetic?

Is congenital heart disease genetic?

Some of it: Even though 8 out of every 1000 babies born will have have some form of heart defect, when there is a first line family member affected the number goes up to about 16-30/1000 (for some particular defects this number will be higher) so this would suggest a genetic component...We just haven't learned enough about genetics and the heart to be more precise, but this is changing every day. ...Read more

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What is fontan operation in congenital heart defects?

What is fontan operation in congenital heart defects?

Fontan Procedure: The fontan is a surgery that connects the inferior venacava (ivc) to the pulmonary arteries. The fontan is the final surgery for patients who have a single ventricle or single ventricle physiology. This means that the blue blood, desaturated blood retruning to the heart is directed to the lungs without being pumped through the heart. ...Read more

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Is congestive heart failure inherited?

Is congestive heart failure inherited?

Sometimes inherited: Certain causes of congestive heart failure are inherited (example genetic enzyme deficiencies leading to dilated cardiomyopathy or hypertension which can may directly or indirectly lead to chf). CHF has multiple other causes including acquired injuries to the heart (like in coronary disease) wherein genetics play a role as one of the risks. ...Read more

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What are death rates of congenital heart disease?

Variable: This varies quite a bit with the chd under consideration. If you have a specific one in mind, please submit a new question with that in mind. ...Read more

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Is a PDA (patent ductus arteriosus) considered a chd (congenital heart defect)..?

Yes: Yes - if it persists then it would qualify as chd and if it is audible in a child past infancy then it would ordinarily be closed in the cathetization laboratory. ...Read more

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Can malnutrition worsen 13 year olds congenital heart defect-tetralogy of Fallot, valve regurgitation, and various holes throughout the heart?

Can malnutrition worsen 13 year olds congenital heart defect-tetralogy of Fallot, valve regurgitation, and various holes throughout the heart?

Yes, because...: Malnutrition worsens everything related to a one's health, both mentally and physically. In the U.S., with it's economic wealth and ample food supply, there is little malnutrition, except for people who have very little variety in their diets, who refuse to eat, who cannot eat due to medical problems, or who cannot absorb nutrients from their food. Heart is muscle, and muscles need good nutrition. ...Read more

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Is atrial septal defect considered a heart disease?

Is atrial septal defect considered a heart disease?

Yes: Even though "disease" may carry a connotation of "infection" in every day language, in medicine it means that there is some pathology or abnormality. ...Read more

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What causes heart defects?

What causes heart defects?

Many causes...: Unfortunately, there is no one specific cause. We currently state the cause is multifactorial. There are some gene defects which cause heart defects, but other defects are caused by multiple factors. Please discuss this with your doctor if you are concerned about potential heart defects in you or someone else. ...Read more

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Could ventricular septal defect cause diastolic murmur?

Could ventricular septal defect cause diastolic murmur?

Two ways: A large vsd with increased pulmonary blood flow may cause a diastolic flow rumble caused by a large amount of flow coming back from the lungs across the mitral valve into the left ventricle. Perimembranous and supracristal vsds can cause aortic valve deformation, and subsequent development of a diastolic murmur of aortic valve insufficiency. ...Read more

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Bicuspid heart valve disease causes?

Bicuspid heart valve disease causes?

Generally yes: With aging, other factors become superimposed such as onset of coronary disease, hypertension, and senescent changes in diastolic function. Moreover, the involved valve itself may gradually deteriorate. The net effect is often progressive worsening but this may not be noticed since people tend to slow down and do less activity as they age. ...Read more

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