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Doctor insights on: Acute Meningitis

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What distinguishes bacterial meningitis from viral meningitis?

What distinguishes bacterial meningitis from viral meningitis?

Testing: During the primary workup for the presenting illness the fluid from the spinal tap is sent for various tests. These will determine in most cases the type of meningitis. ...Read more

Dr. William Singer
855 doctors shared insights

Meningitis (Definition)

A condition in which the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord becomes inflamed. Symptoms include headaches, fever, stiff neck, and a sensitivity to light. There are two primary types of ...Read more


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Is viral meningitis infectious?

Is viral meningitis infectious?

Very variable: There is a very large number of viruses that can cause meningitis, most are not infectious. See this site for more info. http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/viral.html. ...Read more

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What is acute disseminated encephalo myelitis?

What is acute disseminated encephalo myelitis?

ADEM: Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is a rare autoimmune disease affecting the brain & spinal cord, damaging the myelin & destroying the white matter. Symptoms are similar to Multiple sclerosis. It usually follows viral infection or vaccination. Symptoms start with fever, headaches, drowsiness, seizures. ...Read more

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Is aseptic meningitis contagious?

Is aseptic meningitis contagious?

Maybe,maybe not: Aseptic meningitis is a term usually applied to that process triggered during an infection with a variety of viruses. The dominant group usually causes intestinal issues like cramps or diarrhea, with a fraction of the patients developing meningitis. The germ may pass to someone not immune, but may or may not cause meningitis. ...Read more

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What causes viral meningitis infection?

What causes viral meningitis infection?

Dozens of things: Influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus, enterovirus, poliovirus, western equine encephalitis, eastern equin encehaplitis virus, st. Louis encephalitis virus, west nile virus, measles virus and varicella zoster virus just to name a few. ...Read more

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What causes viral meningitis?

A number of viruses: Fairly common ones are enteroviruses, varicella, and mumps virus. ...Read more

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What is acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (adem)?

What is acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (adem)?

ADEM: A rare inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Is an autoimmune disease triggered by infection or vaccination. It starts with fever, headache & vomiting, then decrease consciousness & sometimes coma or seizures, muscle weakness & ataxia. ...Read more

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Is acute bronchitis contagious?

Is acute bronchitis contagious?

Yes: Acute bronchitis is currently considered to be caused mostly by viruses, which are quite contagious. It can be transmitted in the air, by coughing, and by contact with the sick person's hands (if the hands have been coughed on or touched the mouth). The most contagious period is usually early in the illness, and shortly before the illness begins to show symptoms. ...Read more

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Is acute bronchitis contagious?

Is acute bronchitis contagious?

Yes: Most of the time, acute bronchitis is caused by a virus. Influenza (flu) viruses are a common cause, but many other viruses can cause acute bronchitis. Flu viruses spread mainly from person to person by droplets produced when an ill person coughs, sneezes or talks. Flu viruses also may spread when people touch something with the virus on it and then touch their mouth, eyes or nose. Many other respiratory viruses are spread in these ways too. To reduce your risk of catching viruses that can cause bronchitis: Avoid close contact with people who have the flu or another respiratory illness, Wash your hands often or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth, Get an annual flu shot. People who have chronic bronchitis or asthma sometimes develop acute bronchitis. In these cases, the acute bronchitis is most likely a complication of the existing condition. This type of bronchitis is not caused by an infectious virus, so it's less likely to be contagious. ...Read more

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Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Bacteria more: Destructive. This is a difference in the biology of the pathogenicity of bacteria vs. Viruses. Bacteria induce stronger inflammatory response, release more toxins, enzymes etc. ...Read more

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Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Many reasons: Bacterial menningitis usually results in pus in the meninges which causes damage it also affects the blood vessels which can cause strokes. ...Read more

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Is tuberculous meningitis contagious?

Is tuberculous meningitis contagious?

No: Tuberculosis in any other organ but the lung is not easily transmissible and not considered contagious. On the other hand, tuberculosis in the lungs is very contagious. ...Read more

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Splenomegaly with patient bacterial meningitis?

Certain splenic: Issues can put patients at risk for infections with encapsulated organisms including neisseria meningidities. Do you know anything else about the spleen problem? ...Read more

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Is bacterial meningitis curable?

Antibiotics: Antibiotics are available for treatment. The earlier treatment is started, the greater the possibility of cure without long term consequences. However, f treatment is delayed, the likelihood of significant neurologic damage increases. Death may occur if antibiotic treatment is delayed. Some bacteria are so virulent that they may cause death shortly after infection begins. ...Read more

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How is viral meningitis diagnosed?

How is viral meningitis diagnosed?

Aseptic: Meningitis is an inflammation of the outer coating of the brain. A spinal tap will show inflammatory cells in spinal fluid. Bacteria will be seen and cultured if present. If nothing grows it is considered aseptic. This usually means that a virus is the cause. Special tests and cultures may or may not identify the virus. Viruses may infect the brain itself causing encephalitis. ...Read more

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What are significant signs of acute bacterial meningitis?

Meningitis: Symptoms include fever, headache, stiff neck, nausea and vomiting, alterations in sensorium, neurological deficits, and so on. ...Read more

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What is acute encephalomyelitis?

What is acute encephalomyelitis?

Brain inflammation: It does not yell us the cause- infectious, inflammatory, toxic. It involves change in mental status. ...Read more