Doctor insights on:
Acute Bacterial Tracheitis
Croup: Acute laryngoyracheobronchitis otherwise known as croup is a viral infection of the upper airways that can produce the characteristic barking cough and noisy breathing in children. Rarely, this could be complicated by bacterial superinfection, especially in children hospitalized with a more severe infection. Those patients could require antibiotics, but they are the exception rather than the norm. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Usually viral: Acute bronchitis is usually caused by viruses, typically the same viruses that cause colds and influenza. The most common cause of chronic bronchitis is smoking cigarettes. Air pollution and dust or toxic gases in the environment or workplace also can contribute to the condition. Antibiotics as a whole are overprescribed in bronchitis, though sometimes it is warranted. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Yes: Acute bronchitis is currently considered to be caused mostly by viruses, which are quite contagious. It can be transmitted in the air, by coughing, and by contact with the sick person's hands (if the hands have been coughed on or touched the mouth). The most contagious period is usually early in the illness, and shortly before the illness begins to show symptoms. ...Read more
Yes: Most of the time, acute bronchitis is caused by a virus. Influenza (flu) viruses are a common cause, but many other viruses can cause acute bronchitis. Flu viruses spread mainly from person to person by droplets produced when an ill person coughs, sneezes or talks. Flu viruses also may spread when people touch something with the virus on it and then touch their mouth, eyes or nose. Many other respiratory viruses are spread in these ways too. To reduce your risk of catching viruses that can cause bronchitis: Avoid close contact with people who have the flu or another respiratory illness, Wash your hands often or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth, Get an annual flu shot. People who have chronic bronchitis or asthma sometimes develop acute bronchitis. In these cases, the acute bronchitis is most likely a complication of the existing condition. This type of bronchitis is not caused by an infectious virus, so it's less likely to be contagious. ...Read more
It can be: Bacterial pneumonia can be deadly, particularly in the elderly and in people with poor immune systems (on chemotherapy, with hiv, or even uncontrolled diabetes, amongst others). There is a vaccine available to treat one of the most deadly types of bacterial pneumonia, strep pneumonia. Typically, it is given to those at highest risk of developing or having a bad outcome from bacterial pneumonia. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Not generally: It will obviously depend upon the organism causing the pneumonia and the extent of exposure and your immune status. The short answer is that if this is streptococcus pneumoniae, the most common bacterial pneumonia, as a general rule something in your system predisposes you to this and it is likely to already be resident in the back of the throat. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
The other way around: Leukocytosis is an abnormally high number of white blood cells in the blood, as measured on a blood test. Both viral and bacterial infections can sometimes cause high numbers of white blood cells (wbc's) or low numbers of wbc's (leukopenia). Unusual leukocytosis, not caused by an infection, can be due to a bone marrow problem such as an early stage of leukemia. A doctor can further evaluate. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Pus and edema: Bacterial conjunctivitis is not common in adults but occurs in children more often. I usually will have much more swelling, pus in the cul de sac, and much crusting and debris. Viral conjunctivitis is often bilateral, makes the eyes red all over, and has a clear to yellowish secretion but not pus (which is cloudy white). Your ophthalmologist can make this distinction and given you the best rx. ...Read more
NOT contagious: In general most urine/bladder infections are not contagious in men or women. The prostate is located near the bladder in men. However , epididymitis can be caused by an std --so it is important to have an exact diagnosis more info: http://www.Mayoclinic.Com/health/prostatitis/ds00341. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Not all prostatitis: Is bacterial. Perhaps prostate and seminal vesicle congestion may be irritating? We call prostatis when we cannot make a more specific diagnosis, and you suffer irritative effects. Commonly, anti-biotics are used, and anti-inflammatories. But sex, too much or too little, has no established role. Having sex can elevate the psa test, however. ...Read more
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