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Doctor insights on: Acrocephaly Pulmonary Stenosis Mental Retardation

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Can cerebral palsy, global developmental delay and mental retardation coexist in a 6 y.O.?

Can cerebral palsy, global developmental delay and mental retardation coexist in a 6 y.O.?

Yes: All neurological problems are tips of the same iceberg, most types of brain problems have multiple manifestations, some are just more obvious than others. ...Read more

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Dr. Kathryn Akin
51 doctors shared insights

Mental Retardation (Definition)

Mental retardation is an old fashioned term now replaced with the term “Intellectual Disability”. It is defined as a measured intelligence below the normal range (less than 70) combined with inability to perform activities of daily living . For this designation a person must, in addition to having low measured ability, be significantly limited in at least two of the following areas: self-care, communication, home living, social/interpersonal skills, self-direction, use of community resources, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety. The four degrees of intellectual disability are mild, (IQ between 55-70) moderate,(between 35 and 50) , severe and profound. In the severe and profound ranges individuals have language, communication and motor impairments and cannot be tested. Profound disability, is usually associated with a neurological condition. In addition to the categories of mild, moderate, severe, and profound, categories are sometimes used to designate those intellectually disabled persons who can benefit from some degree of academic training. Those designated "educable” can handle academic work at a third-to sixth-grade level, and usually have IQs that fall between 50 and 75. The designation “trainable” refers to those who can progress as far as second grade work and can live in a sheltered string without one on one constant care. It is important to know that a measured IQ is not as important as the access to and ability to respond to emotional, ...Read more


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Is there a new diagnosis of cerebral palsy with global developmental delay and mental retardation?

Is there a  new diagnosis of cerebral palsy with global developmental delay and mental retardation?

Just new terminology: The conditions you describe have been known for many decades. Europe has had specific centers dedicated to spastics for many years. There have been special clinics developed in the us for children with special needs - most due to conditions such as mental retardation and cerebral palsy. We are now using words that are less threatening such as global developmental delay and mrcp. ...Read more

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4yo has severe laryngomalacia, sleep apnea, aspirates, history of hypotonia & gross motor delay, MTHFR, midline defects, SPD, possible autism. Causes?

4yo has severe laryngomalacia, sleep apnea, aspirates, history of hypotonia & gross motor delay, MTHFR, midline defects, SPD, possible autism. Causes?

Mgt, workup: The severe laryngomalacia can cause and contribute to sleep apnea and aspiration. I would suggest an evaluation by ENT and a sleep study to evaluate the need for CPAP. Speech and development can help with coordination/swallowing mechanisms. A virtual appointment: healthtap.com/DosanjhMD Code: NCYHPZ ...Read more

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Cerebral palsy & mental illness common?

Cerebral palsy & mental illness common?

Behavior cer palsy: Behavioral problems are common in children with cerebral palsy. Child psychiatric disorders were found in 57% of the children, including 28 children meeting criteria for an attention deficit disorder, which was the most common (bjorgaas et al 2012) communication problem was significantly associated with having a psychiatric disorder. Early evaluation for children with CP may prevent severe behavio. ...Read more

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Are there learning disabilities associated with mild cerebral palsy?

Are there learning disabilities associated with mild cerebral palsy?

None specific: Individuals with cerebral palsy may exhibit any number of learning disabilities due to the brain injury that caused the motor handicap. However, there is no specific LD. The effects of brain injury are individual. A child with CP should have a formal neuropsychological assessment when they are old enough to be tested. ...Read more

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Can mild cerebral palsy have mental or physical limitations?

Hard to say: Cerebral palsy by convention implies an injury to specific areas of the brain controlling motor movements.If other brain areas are affected by the same event, other issues can be linked.This includes more likelihood of seizures, learning, etc. The milder the CP the less likely other areas that control speech, personality, learning, etc. But it is still possible. ...Read more

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My son has cerebral palsy, autism, mental retardation, catatonic schizophrenia, seizures, & no lower left lope of brain what is his life expectancy?

Who knows!: So sorry about your son. All of his conditions you could think might cause a shorter life span for all sorts of reasons, but with good care one never knows. Accidents, poor nutrition ( because he doesn't eat well), progressive brain deterioration if repeated seizures, infections, general stress with its harmful physical effects, all could contribute to premature death. Best of luck! ...Read more

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Is cerebral palsy a genetic disorder?

No: Cerebral palsy (CP) is caused by many things including but not limited to, poor intrauterine envirmonment, perinatal infection, prematurity with brain bleed and lack of o2 prior to or at the time of delivery. ...Read more

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Ventricular system and extra ventricular CSF spaces show mild prominence, suggestive of mild cerebral atrophy. Patient can't walk. Age 26 years male.?

Ventricular system and extra ventricular CSF spaces show mild prominence, suggestive of mild cerebral atrophy.
Patient can't walk. Age 26 years male.?

See another cause: Men in their twenties may have mild cerebral atrophy from alcohol abuse, schizophrenia, birth injury, some other cause, or an overread by a radiologist. None of these will stop him from walking. Look for another explanation. ...Read more

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Could being born with a heart defect that require open heart surgery cause mental retardation?

Could being born with a heart defect that require open heart surgery cause mental retardation?

Complex issue: Kids who have a normal intellect at birth tend to lag far behind their age equivalent peers on academic progress if they have complex congenital heart disease, this disparity tends to increase with increased time for hospital care and away from school. For others, the chd is just one parameter of a genetic or chromosome disorder that has reduced intellectual abilities to start with. ...Read more

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What is mental impairment vs retardation?

What is mental impairment vs retardation?

Mental: Impairment could mean mental illness impairing such abilities as cognition/reality testing/social functioning/self care. Retardation is low iq. ...Read more

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What causes motor development problems in a child with cerebral palsy?

What causes motor development problems in a child with cerebral palsy?

Loss of motor neuron: The brain has areas where the nerves that issue working signals to the muscles are located. For these nerves to grow and mature after conception, they need nutrients (oxygen, protein, carbohydrates) all brought to them by the normal flow of blood to their location. This is assured when blood flow in the placenta & brain is normal. Nerves die if nutrients are cut off, and this causes motor problems. ...Read more

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What causes mental retardation?

What causes mental retardation?

There are several : 100's of causes of Intellectual Disability beginning with inherited mutant genes & genetic accidents that occur during egg & sperm formation; epigenetic factors like viruses that alter function but not sequence or structure of genes; teratogens like alcohol, tobacco & drugs from 3 weeks after conception till term & beyond; maternal illnesses, , etc. See pediatrics.med.nyu.edu for much more. ...Read more

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What is spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress?

What is spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress?

Serious disease: Spinal muscular atrophy is a group of inherited diseases that cause muscle damage and weakness which get worse over time. The most severe form starts in infancy. Milder forms can start in adolescence or adulthood. All types of sma cause weak muscles and difficulty breathing. It can be hard to take deep breaths and to cough effectively. This results in frequent infections and respiratory distress. ...Read more

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Can preterm IVH have long-tern effects on mental health?Had grade 4 IVH as infant, no apparent neurological damage but severe anxiety.Related?

Can preterm IVH have long-tern effects on mental health?Had grade 4 IVH as infant, no apparent neurological damage but severe anxiety.Related?

Maybe. Maybe not.: Severe intraventricular hemorrhage usually means many brain cells died off... and would affect everything in the life of that person from that point onward, for better or for worse, but we hope for better rather than for worse. The question is, whether one's anxiety level would have been worse, would have been better, or would have been the same, without the IVH. Nobody can tell with certainty. ...Read more

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What's the incidence of degenerative developmental disabilities?

What's the incidence of degenerative developmental disabilities?

Rate of disable. : Theoretically, 100% people get disabled due to degenerative process if people live long enough. However, for those who are less than retired age, injury or medical disorder should not mean disabled, especially chronic degenerative process. It is possible for temporally disabled and should be able to return to work after treatment or after modified work load or type. ...Read more

Stricture (Definition)

A stricture is an anatomic narrowing of any structure in the body with a lumen. Depending on the organ, the underlying causes can be traumatic, ...Read more


Dr. James Dukelow
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Stenosis (Definition)

Constriction or narrowing of something - duct, artery, passage way such as the outlet of the stomach into the small ...Read more