Top
10
Doctor insights on: Acrocephaly Pulmonary Stenosis Mental Retardation

Share
Dr. Kathryn Akin
51 doctors shared insights

Mental Retardation (Definition)

Mental retardation is an old fashioned term now replaced with the term “Intellectual Disability”. It is defined as a measured intelligence below the normal range (less than 70) combined with inability to perform activities of daily living . For this designation a person must, in addition to having low measured ability, be significantly limited in at least two of the following areas: self-care, communication, home living, social/interpersonal skills, self-direction, use of community resources, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety. The four degrees of intellectual disability are mild, (IQ between 55-70) moderate,(between 35 and 50) , severe and profound. In the severe and profound ranges individuals have language, communication and motor impairments and cannot be tested. Profound disability, is usually associated with a neurological condition. In addition to the categories of mild, moderate, severe, and profound, categories are sometimes used to designate those intellectually disabled persons who can benefit from some degree of academic training. Those designated "educable” can handle academic work at a third-to sixth-grade level, and usually have IQs that fall between 50 and 75. The designation “trainable” refers to those who can progress as far as second grade work and can live in a sheltered string without one on one constant care. It is important to know that a measured IQ is not as important as the access to and ability to respond to emotional, ...Read more


2

2
Can pulmonary stenosis cause endocarditis?

Can pulmonary stenosis cause endocarditis?

It may: Be a risk factor for endocarditis but the pulmonic valve abnormality is at lower risk for endocarditis than disease of the aortic or mitral valve. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
4

4
I have pulmonary stenosis, what is the best treatment?

I have pulmonary stenosis, what is the best treatment?

Valve surgery.: It depends on severity. Mild disease can be treated medically, but in more severe disease valve surgery is needed. ...Read more

5

5
Are you allowed to do mild weight lifting with pulmonary stenosis?

Are you allowed to do mild weight lifting with pulmonary stenosis?

Use caution: Small weights (5-10 lbs) in a supervised setting is likely ok to start with. Talk to your pulmonologist to see is she or he can get you in a supervised rehab program. ...Read more

6

6
Do you have to have fatigue if you have pulmonary stenosis? What are all the symptoms?

Usually no symptoms: Pulmonary valve stenosis is usually asymptomatic. However, if there is severe pulmonary valve stenosis, then there can be decreased cardiac output, which could cause fatigue. Also, if there is long-standing significant pulmonary valve stenosis, then there may be development of right ventricular dysfunction, and it may not be reversible even with therapy to relieve the valve stenosis. ...Read more

7

7
What's the prognosis fro pulmonary stenosis? also how is it treated?

It depends: on the severity and reasons for having pulmonary stenosis. Many patients who have mild pulmonic stenosis live normal, healthy lives and never require treatment. Other cases of severe, symptomatic stenosis benefit from surgery. ...Read more

8

8
What could be the cause of pulmonary stenosis in my 2 year old son?

Birth defect: Pulmonary stenosis is one of congenital heart defects presenting as isolated finding or as a part of multiple defects, e.g., tetralogy of fallot. ...Read more

9

9
How can a mild case of Pulmonary Stenosis be treated in a baby? Can it go away?

How can a mild case of Pulmonary Stenosis be treated in a baby? Can it go away?

See cardiologist: Pulmonary stenosis does not go away but can be treated , Talk to your cardiologist who will explain to you how your baby is coping with it at present and when to do the treatment if he needs one . ...Read more

10

10
My 6 yo has been diagnosed w/ mild pulmonary stenosis. My concern is, he coughs everytime he wakes in the morning for a month now. What should I do?

My 6 yo has been diagnosed w/ mild pulmonary stenosis. My concern is, he coughs everytime he wakes in the morning for a month now. What should I do?

Likely unrelated: Early morning cough is more likely related to irritants in his sleeping environment/nasal drainage. Mild PS is unlikely to produce any lung related symptoms. This is something you should bring up with your primary care physician. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer

Stricture (Definition)

A stricture is an anatomic narrowing of any structure in the body with a lumen. Depending on the organ, the underlying causes can be traumatic, ...Read more


Dr. Chad Levitt
1 doctor shared a insight

Stenosis (Definition)

Constriction or narrowing of something - duct, artery, passage way such as the outlet of the stomach into the small ...Read more