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Doctor insights on: Acidosis In Diabetes

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What can cause hypovolemia in diabetic ketoacidosis?

What can cause hypovolemia in diabetic ketoacidosis?

Hypovolemia: It is the ketoacidosis that contributes to the hypovolemia. Do not pass go or collect 200 - go straight to the Emergency Room without delay! ...Read more

Acidosis (Definition)

Normally our body chemistry is kept in a narrow range, and in particular the amount of acid in the body is kept within a narrow range. The amount of acid is measured by a value called the ph. It is normally a value between 7.35 and 7.45, values below 7.35 are considered to be "acidotic" a patient with this value of the blood chemistry ...Read more


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Why does hypernatremia occur in patients with diabetes insipidus?

Why does hypernatremia occur in patients with diabetes insipidus?

Dehydration: If you have diabetes insipidus and don't take in enough water to balance what you urinate out, hypernatremia can result. Ddavp (desmopressin) can usually return your life to normal. Talk w/your doctor. ...Read more

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How can diabetic ketoacidosis (w/ metabolic acidosis) causes respiratory failure?

How can diabetic ketoacidosis (w/ metabolic acidosis) causes respiratory failure?

Due to acidosis.,,: The metabolic acidosis causes a respiratory compensation in an attempt by the body to keep the blood ph normal. The respiratory compensation is to increase minute ventilation (both respiratory rate and volume per breath!). So, the person with severe metabolic acidosis will be breathing fast and deeply. Doing this for an extended period of time can lead to fatigue resulting in respiratory failure. ...Read more

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Can haemodialysis correct metabolic acidosis in renal failure patient?

Can haemodialysis correct metabolic acidosis in renal failure patient?

Renal Replacement Th: Dialysis is one of the treatments for metabolic acidosis. Depending on the cause as well as the other medical problems and type of the acidosis, correcting the inciting problem is the first step dialysis may or may not be needed. ...Read more

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Pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus in pregnancy?

Pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus in pregnancy?

Glucose intolerance: The short paragraph here doesn't give me alot to explain this, but basically pregnancy is a relatively glucose resistant state and the more times you are pregnant, the more likely you get gestational diabetes. There are alterations in Insulin levels and Insulin resistance during the pregnancy. The typical american diet of high sugar processed foods doesn't help. ...Read more

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Can a chronic carbohydrate metabolism disorder result in hyperglycemia or glycosuria?

Can a chronic carbohydrate metabolism disorder result in hyperglycemia or glycosuria?

Yes and no!: Both are caused by Insulin lacking, however of the two types, little Insulin (type 1-dm), or relatively too little (type 2-dm) caused by the body becoming resistant to it's own insulin. Insulin is necessary to put fat in a cell, without it you burn fat, as in juvenile onset type-1 dm. Most people do not know that type-2 dm is far more hereditable than type one. ...Read more

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Why is there a reduced cardiac output in diabetic ketoacidosis?

Why is there a reduced cardiac output in diabetic ketoacidosis?

Hypovolemia: The reduced cardiac output is largely due to the dehydration and volume loss from the polyuria (increased urination), and often times nausea/vomiting. Cardiac output is determined by heart rate times stroke volume. The heart can only compensate so much by increasing the rate when you don't have the blood volume to pump. Eventually, a decreasing ph also prevents the heart from contracting as well. ...Read more

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Hi, is the metabolic acidosis in chronic renal failure fatal ?

Hi, is the metabolic acidosis in chronic renal failure fatal ?

Acidosis: The simple answer is yes. However, the amount of acid has to be very high for that to happen. High amounts of acid in the blood interfere with many, if not all, biologic processes in the human body such as the effect of Insulin lowering blood sugar, the normal metabolism of proteins and fats that are essential for life, and even normal heart beat, just to name a few. ...Read more

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Respiratory acidosis and metabolic acidosis in the same patient-how can this happen?

Respiratory acidosis and metabolic acidosis in the same patient-how can this happen?

Acidosis: Respiratory acidosis (a) is a condition in which decreased ventilation (h) (hypoventilation) causes increased blood carbon dioxide concentration and decreased ph. Metabolic a occurs when the body produces too much acid or when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body. If a person has shock with an increased Lactic Acid level which leads to h, both types of acidosis are present. ...Read more

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When in diabetes does diabetic retinopathy occur?

When in diabetes does diabetic retinopathy occur?

Depends : Most young diabetics will take at least 5 years before the diabetes can affect the retina- the light sensitive eye that is most commonly involved. Adult onset diabetics usually already have some form of eye disease at diagnosis. The chance of retinopathy is dependent on duration of disease, the amount of control of blood sugars, blood pressure and cholesterol and other co-existing diseases. ...Read more

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What is metabolic acidosis in chronic renal failure from?

What is metabolic acidosis in chronic renal failure from?

Unable to remove: Metabolic acidosis is a constituent of renal failure, arising mainly from the inability of kidney to remove excess acids in blood. ...Read more

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Can ketones in urine mean diabetes?

Can ketones in urine mean diabetes?

No : A blood sugar of > 200 and urine containing glucose and ketones are essentially diagnostic in patients with mostly type 1 diabetes. However, anyone can have ketones in urine resulting from illness, prolonged fasting, or certain diets. ...Read more

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What's the difference between hyperglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis in type 1 diabetics?

What's the difference between hyperglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis in type 1 diabetics?

Compensation: Hyperglycemia just means that the blood sugar is high. If you have taken enough Insulin so that there is active metabolism going on, the sugar will eventually be noprmalized - even though you may have to raise the dose of Insulin to do this. If the Insulin is totally inadequate, the body begins to burn fat instead of sugar. The fat leads to ketones and then acidosis as everything gets worse. ...Read more

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Why there is hyperlipidemia in diabetes mellitus?

Why there is hyperlipidemia in diabetes mellitus?

Hyperlipidemia: Is essentially high cholesterol. Diabetes is a distinct disorder. Some folks have one or the other and you appear to have both. Both need to be treated. Please see your doc who can help you. Peace and good health. ...Read more

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Can pain increase blood glucose levels in diabetics?

Can pain increase blood glucose levels in diabetics?

Pain + emotions, yes: For some diabetic patients, significant pain (and/or emotional changes) can raise their glucose levels. In these people, it is recommended that they monitor their glucose levels more carefully during these episodes, to determine need for adjusting medication doses. Pain and emotions can increase the hormones cortisol and epinephrine, which both can raise glucose levels. ...Read more

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What is the biochemical mechanism of lactic acidosis in diabetes?

What is the biochemical mechanism of lactic acidosis in diabetes?

Lactic acidosis: Please go online to "www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/" and look up lactic acidosis and diabetes. It won't be easy reading but worth a look. You can also go to PubMed and search for lactic acidosis and diabetes. Take your time learning about this. ...Read more

Dr. Quang Nguyen
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Diabetes (Definition)

A group of diseases that result in too much sugar in the ...Read more