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Doctor insights on: Acidosis Hypocalcemia

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Why does respiratory alkalosis cause hypokalemia while metabolic acidosis causes hyperkalemia?

Why does respiratory alkalosis cause hypokalemia while metabolic acidosis causes hyperkalemia?

K and alkalosis acid: Blood K is sensitive to blood pH.( hydrogen ion concentration). When H gets too high (acidosis) it moves into cells to protect from death from too much acid.. As H+ moves into cells a + ion must move out. This is usually K+. Thus hyperK. When H+ gets too low (alkalosis) in blood H+ moves from cell to blood to prevent death from low H+.. As H+ moves out of cell K+ moves in. Thus blood K goes down. ...Read more

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Acidosis (Definition)

Normally our body chemistry is kept in a narrow range, and in particular the amount of acid in the body is kept within a narrow range. The amount of acid is measured by a value called the ph. It is normally a value between 7.35 and 7.45, values below 7.35 are considered to be "acidotic" a patient with this value of the blood chemistry ...Read more


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Can haemodialysis correct metabolic acidosis in renal failure patient?

Can haemodialysis correct metabolic acidosis in renal failure patient?

Renal Replacement Th: Dialysis is one of the treatments for metabolic acidosis. Depending on the cause as well as the other medical problems and type of the acidosis, correcting the inciting problem is the first step dialysis may or may not be needed. ...Read more

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What is high anion gap metabolic acidosis?

Metabolic acidosis: A high anion gap acidosis, (h), is an acidosis with a low carbon dioxide (c) and a normal chloride. This low c indicates the presence of an organic acid, such as lactic acid. H is seen in sepsis and diabetic ketoacidosis, among other conditions. It is a serious condition that requires immediate medical therapy to resolve it, as it is often life-threatening. ...Read more

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Can dehydration lead to metabolic acidosis?

Can dehydration lead to metabolic acidosis?

It usually does: The contraction of the fluid volume caused by dehydration routinely leads to a metabolic acidosis as the metabolism begins to shift to more fat breakdown & those byproducts add to the acidity of the blood.Fluid expansion through oral or IV re-hydration can correct this quickly by exposing the blood to buffer compounds in the tissues. ...Read more

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Can calcium pyruvate lead to hypercalcemia?

Can calcium pyruvate lead to hypercalcemia?

No: Any calcium product taken in large amounts can increase calcium levels in susceptible people. Pyruvate is the major component of calcium pyruvate. Large amounts of the supplement is likely to cause nausea instead of high calcium. ...Read more

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How can diabetic ketoacidosis (w/ metabolic acidosis) causes respiratory failure?

Due to acidosis.,,: The metabolic acidosis causes a respiratory compensation in an attempt by the body to keep the blood ph normal. The respiratory compensation is to increase minute ventilation (both respiratory rate and volume per breath!). So, the person with severe metabolic acidosis will be breathing fast and deeply. Doing this for an extended period of time can lead to fatigue resulting in respiratory failure. ...Read more

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Does respiratory alkalosis cause hyponatremia?

Does respiratory alkalosis cause hyponatremia?

Hyponatremia: Many pulmonary illnesses may cause a low sodium level, via induction of inappropriate SIADH. But respiratory alkalosis, by itself, should not lower the sodium level below the normal range. Often, people with respiratory alkalosis may have a lower serum chloride level, to balance for additional bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) ions. Hope that helps! ...Read more

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How does primary hyperaldosteronism cause metabolic alkalosis?

How does primary hyperaldosteronism cause metabolic alkalosis?

Conn 's alkalosis : Aldo moves Na from urine and K and H out into urine. Lowering H in blood makes you more alkalotic. Also as K moves out of cells to keep blood K up H moves into cells. Less H in blood = higher pH. ...Read more

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Why does primary hyperaldosteronism cause metabolic alkalosis?

Why does primary hyperaldosteronism cause metabolic alkalosis?

Conn 's alkalosis : Aldo moves Na from urine and K and H out into urine. Lowering H in blood makes you more alkalotic. Also as K moves out of cells to keep blood K up H moves into cells. Less H in blood = higher pH. ...Read more

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How does hypoparathyroidism cause hypocalcemia?

How does hypoparathyroidism cause hypocalcemia?

Three mechanisms.: Hypocalcemia occurs in the absence of parathyroid hormone because of low bone breakdown, loss of calcium in the urine and poor absorption of calcium by the intestine. ...Read more

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What causes diabetic keto acidosis?

Dka: Diabetic ketoacidosis is a condition whereby glucose which is used by cells for energy is not made available to the cells due to a lack of insulin. The lack of Insulin causes a dramatic rise in blood sugar triggering a host of meatbolic derangemants including dehydration as well as the production of ketones which are toxic as it raises the bodies acid level and will affect potassium levels. ...Read more

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Why need I increase bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) levels in respiratory acidosis?

Why need I increase bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) levels in respiratory acidosis?

Acid-base: Physiology is like a delicate balance. If one organ fails to carry its weight, another organ has to compensate. For your acid-base balance, bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) (regulated by the kidney) is one side of the balance, and co2 (the lungs responsibility) is the other. If the lungs allow you to accumulate too much co2, then the kidneys (if healthy) will make and retain more bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate). ...Read more

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Would renal failure result in hypo- or hyperkalemia? Why?

Would renal failure result in hypo- or hyperkalemia? Why?

Depends: Many factors contribute to serum potassium levels including residual kidney function, diuretic use, potassium intake, GI potassium loss (i.e. diarrhea), and acid/base status. It is possible to see high or low serum potassium levels in patients with renal failure but hyperkalemia (high potassium) is more commonly observed in patients with advanced renal dysfunction. ...Read more

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How does high chloride cause a (non-anion gap) metabolic acidosis?

See below: Please consult this site for the information. It is more involved than the 400 characters will allow. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/240809-overview ...Read more

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Is serum Osmolality typically elevated in metabolic acidosis/alkalosis and ethylene glycol poisoning?

Yes: Particularly with ethylene glycol poisoning. For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex. ...Read more

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How are respiratory acidosis and metabolic acidosis different?

The source: Respiratory acidosis is the result of co2 build up in the blood, metabolic acidosis is the result of inability to remove acids or the addition of acids to the system. ...Read more

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Does cardiac arrest cause hypernatremia?

Does cardiac arrest cause hypernatremia?

Not directly: Cardiac arrest by itself would not cause hypernatremia but if the patient has become dehydrated during the events that led to the cardiac arrest, that may explain it. ...Read more

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Hypocalcemia (Definition)

Hypocalcemia refers to low measured levels of calcium in the blood. Symptoms of hypocalcemia may include numbness/tinglng of he hands and mouth or cramping. In severe cases, one's ability to think may be impaired. Hypocalcemia may be due to poor diet, vit d deficiency, disorders of the parathryoid ...Read more