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Doctor insights on: Acidosis Alkalosis Chart

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When you ascend to high elevation acidosis or alkalosis?

When you ascend to high elevation acidosis or alkalosis?

Respiratory: Alkalosis by increasing ventilation reducing carbon dioxide ...Read more

Acidosis (Definition)

Normally our body chemistry is kept in a narrow range, and in particular the amount of acid in the body is kept within a narrow range. The amount of acid is measured by a value called the ph. It is normally a value between 7.35 and 7.45, values below 7.35 are considered to be "acidotic" a patient with this value of the blood chemistry ...Read more


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Alkalosis and acidosis--is there a visual to see how they work?

Respir. Alkalosis: There are. Try one or more of these visuals garnered by google. Https://www. Google. Com/search? Q=respiratory+alkalosis&hl=en&rls=com. Microsoft:en-us&prmd=imvns&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=x&ei=k58eujrmomjc2wxz7ztibq&ved=0ceoq_auoaq&biw=1680&bih=869. ...Read more

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What has to be observed in a blood test to see that one is/was in an acidosis or alkalosis?

ABG: You need something called an arterial blood gas (abg) to get the information necessary to make that determination. ...Read more

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Will someone with chronic bronchitis be more likely to have problems with acidosis or alkalosis?

Will someone with chronic bronchitis be more likely to have problems with acidosis or alkalosis?

Acidosis: Anything that causes decreased exhalation/obstruction (asthma, bronchitis etc.) causes a build up of CO2 and an acidosis. This question is on most medical board exams! ...Read more

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Difference between respiratory acidosis or alkalosis?

Level of CO2: The lungs help regulate the blood's ph by regulating carbon dioxide (co2) exhaled, eliminating it from the body. If not enough co2 is exhaled then it builds up in the blood stream, and leads to respiratory acidosis. If excessive co2 is exhaled, as in hyperventilation, then this can cause respiratory alkalosis. ...Read more

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How does the renal system compensates for metabolic acidosis and alkalosis?

How does the renal system compensates for metabolic acidosis and alkalosis?

Slowly & effectively: In response to acidosis, the kidney increases reabsorbtion of bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) from the tubular fluid, secretes more hydrogen ions, and generate more bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate). Ammoniagenesis leads to increased formation of the buffering compounds. In responses to alkalosis, the kidney excretes more bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate), decreases hydrogen ion secretion, and lowers rates of glutamine metabolism and ammonium excretion. ...Read more

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Can you tell me how the renal system compensates for metabolic acidosis and alkalosis?

Metabolic issues: The kidneys are very smart at keeping the body at the ph level. The kidneys are capable of getting rid of large amounts of acids (hydrogen ions) and reabsorbing bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) to keep the body in homeostasis. We excrete acid (h+) through titratable acidity and ammonium. ...Read more

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Is it possible for diarrhea to cause the blood pH to indicate acidosis or alkalosis?

Acidosis: With severe diarrhea, metabolic acidosis is frequent and can result in severe complications depending on extent and duration of the diarrhea as well as the degree of rehydration. The acidosis results from loss of K+ and bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) from excess liquid stool. The blood pH is normally maintained at 7.4. Below 7.35, metabolic acidosis is present. ...Read more

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How could you expect this to affect blood pH and respiratory rate and is this a state of acidosis or alkalosis?

Incomplete question: We'd like to answer this even though it looks like a homework problem. Can you send the complete question? Thanks. ...Read more

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What to do if I have respiratory acidosis compensating for metabolic alkalosis or is metabolic alkalosis compensating for respiratory acidosis?

What to do if I have respiratory acidosis compensating for metabolic alkalosis or is metabolic alkalosis compensating for respiratory acidosis?

Difference....: If your ph in your blood is lower than normal, then you have an acidosis. If the ph in your blood is higher than normal, then you have an alkalosis. To figure out if the abnormality is respiratory or metabolic, you need to know the carbon dioxide level. An arterial blood gas test would give the information needed to diagnose the disorder, including whether or not there is compensation! ...Read more

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Abg result: mixed metabolic acidosis and respiratory alkalosis with more than adequate oxygenation. What's the meaning of this? Thank you.

Abg result: mixed metabolic acidosis and respiratory alkalosis with more than adequate oxygenation. What's the meaning of this? Thank you.

Acid-base disorder: To give a clear answer we need to have the actual values for the ph, pco2, and the tco2 (usually called bicarbonate). A mixed disorder needs to be broken into the primary disorder and then if other disorders are present, are they primary or secondary. Normal oxygenation not relevant to this problem. Could be anxiety or medication for the resp alkalosis with a secondary hyperchloremic "acidosis". ...Read more

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Would a normal CMP with electrolytes & kidney functioning rule out metabolic/respitory acidosis or alkalosis.?

Need more informatio: To perform a complete analysis blood sample should include and arterial sample for blood (abg) gases which will aid in a complete analysis and possible diagnosis ...Read more

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When you have diarrhea and you lose intestinal juices, does that lead to blood pH undergoing acidosis or alkalosis?

Acidosis: When one has severe diarrhea or takes too many laxatives there is a resulting change in the balanced pH of the blood referred to as hyperchloremic acidosis. The diminution of bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) levels lost in the liquid stool results in this problem and must be compensated by minimizing or controlling the diarrhea and taking alkaline material P.O to return the blood pH to normal. ...Read more

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Why does respiratory alkalosis cause hypokalemia while metabolic acidosis causes hyperkalemia?

K and alkalosis acid: Blood K is sensitive to blood pH. (hydrogen ion concentration). When H gets too high (acidosis) it moves into cells to protect from death from too much acid. As H+ moves into cells a + ion must move out. This is usually K+. Thus hyperK. When H+ gets too low (alkalosis) in blood H+ moves from cell to blood to prevent death from low H+. As H+ moves out of cell K+ moves in. Thus blood K goes down. ...Read more

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Is serum Osmolality typically elevated in metabolic acidosis/alkalosis and ethylene glycol poisoning?

Yes: Particularly with ethylene glycol poisoning.
For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form.
Practice safe sex. ...Read more

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Normal CBC, CMP & electrolytes. Does this exclude acid/base problems such as metabolic acidosis or alkalosis??

Sort of: All laboratory results need to be interpreted in the clinical context and the doctor who ordered the tests is usually in the best position to do that. Having said that, just the fact that you are asking this question is sufficient to conclude that you do not have serious acid/base disorder. ...Read more

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How does normal saline correct alkalosis?

How does normal saline correct alkalosis?

Normal saline: Isn't normal, there is extra chloride which causes an acidosis ...Read more

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How can normal saline 0.9% nacl correct alkalosis?

Cause makes acidosis: Normal saline is full of chlorides. Excess chlorides are a known to produce a state called normal anion gap metabolic acidosis. Since acidosis is the opposite of alkalosis, therefore it neutralizes it. ...Read more

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What foods to eat to reverse symptoms of mild metabolic alkalosis?

What foods to eat to reverse symptoms of mild metabolic alkalosis?

None: Metabolic alkalosis is not a food issue, and the main treatment would be to treat the underlying cause. Are you on diuretics? Do you have associated hypertension that can point to aldosteronism? Do you have COPD and chronically retain CO2? Vomiting? Diarrhea? Each in this small list of examples requires a different approach to treatment, so you'll need a proper history and physical by your doctor. ...Read more

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Is respiratory alkalosis a symptom of fevers?

Is respiratory alkalosis a symptom of fevers?

No: Respiratory alkalosis is not a symptom. It is a rise in the blood ph that occurs when you breath fast. That often happens in illnesses that also cause fever. So it's a manifestation of the underlying illness, not a "symptom" of fever. ...Read more

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In response to respiratory alkalosis, what happens to the baby?

In response to respiratory alkalosis, what happens to the baby?

Baby will accommodat: Not sure how long or why you have this condition. Most people don't have this condition for very long, baby ; placenta should be able to adjust to this. Inform pediatrician at birth if this is longstanding issue. ...Read more

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Why does primary hyperaldosteronism cause metabolic alkalosis?

Why does primary hyperaldosteronism cause metabolic alkalosis?

Conn 's alkalosis: Aldo moves Na from urine and K and H out into urine. Lowering H in blood makes you more alkalotic. Also as K moves out of cells to keep blood K up H moves into cells. Less H in blood = higher pH. ...Read more

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How does primary hyperaldosteronism cause metabolic alkalosis?

How does primary hyperaldosteronism cause metabolic alkalosis?

Conn 's alkalosis: Aldo moves Na from urine and K and H out into urine. Lowering H in blood makes you more alkalotic. Also as K moves out of cells to keep blood K up H moves into cells. Less H in blood = higher pH. ...Read more

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Why does the overuse of laxatives lead to metabolic alkalosis?

Why does the overuse of laxatives lead to metabolic alkalosis?

Loss of potassium: Diarrhea causes loss of potassium. The kidney excretes acid, (hydrogen ions) to conserve potassium. Loss of hydrogen ions (acid) causes metabolic alkalosis.
For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Drink enough water daily so that your urine is mostly colorless.
Practice safe sex. ...Read more

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Can coma occur due to severe hyperventelation (respiratory alkalosis)?

No coma: Respiratory alkalosisis is a condition seen in patient with anxiety, hysteria and stress.The carbon dioxide level drop too low and the ph of the blood rise and become alkaline. The main symptoms are dizzines, bloating, confusion and seizures.Coma is not common. ...Read more

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How do you test for metabolic alkalosis? If this is confirmed how is it treated?

Treat the cause: The most certain way to test for alkalosis (or acidosis) is with an arterial blood gas test. If the arterial ph is abnormally high, there is alkalosis. M. A. Typically shows an elevated serum co2 level, because of increased bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate). The treatment depends on the cause of m.A. Repeated vomiting causes m.A. Because of loss of hcl (acid) from the stomach. You treat the cause of vomiting. ...Read more

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Does respiratory alkalosis cause hyponatremia?

Does respiratory alkalosis cause hyponatremia?

Hyponatremia: Many pulmonary illnesses may cause a low sodium level, via induction of inappropriate SIADH. But respiratory alkalosis, by itself, should not lower the sodium level below the normal range. Often, people with respiratory alkalosis may have a lower serum chloride level, to balance for additional bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) ions.

Hope that helps! ...Read more

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In response to respiratory alkalosis, the mom and baby do what?

In response to respiratory alkalosis, the mom and baby do what?

Respiratory alkalosi: Respiratory alkalosis in a normal adult is due to excessive ventilation/breathing, so the management is to reduce whatever is causing the fast breathing. Anxiety can be treated with both medicaiton and nonmedication strategies. Pain is usually treated with medication. It would be extremely unusual to ever to resort to medications to increase acid levels. ...Read more

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I have determined I have metabolic alkalosis, but not too severe, from consuming too much baking soda an my face is tingling. How do I treat this?

I have determined I have metabolic alkalosis, but not too severe, from consuming too much baking soda an my face is tingling. How do I treat this?

Maybe: I don't know what you have but if you want to neutralize the effect of a weak base then take a weak acid like ascorbic acid (vitamin C) or citric acid (lemon or orange juice) ...Read more

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I have Crohn's disease which has caused mild metabolic alkalosis due to low electrolytes. Can I safely consume pediaLyte everyday to counteract this?

I have Crohn's disease which has caused mild metabolic alkalosis due to low electrolytes. Can I safely consume pediaLyte everyday to counteract this?

Crohn desease: Or inflam bowel disease--here inflamed colon loses its ability to absorb salt and water and potassium excretion in the lumen is decreases
so there is metabolic alkalosis due to volume depletion and potassium loss
in this case taking pedialyte should not hurt but is poorly absorbed ...Read more

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Can metabolic alkalosis cause shortness of breath?

Can metabolic alkalosis cause shortness of breath?

Alkalosis: It is not that simple to say yes or no to this question. It depends upon the cause of the metabolic alkalosis. Commonly with metabolic alkalosis as a compensatory mechanism there will be hypoventilation that could be sensed as shortness of breath but respiratory rate will be lower or shallower. ...Read more

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My doc says that respiraory alkalosis is a sign of a tension pneumothorax but why?

My doc says that respiraory alkalosis is a sign of a tension pneumothorax but why?

Can be: Hyperventilation can lead to a respiratory alkalosis by increasing the amount of carbon dioxide that you exhale. When this happens the overall ph of your increases because co2 elimination is linked to the activity of enzymes in your blood that convert hydrogen ions to co2. Even a small pneumothorax may result in a degree of respiratory distress, leading to high breathing rate. ...Read more

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Bronchiectasis pt. Admitted thrice, was ok, now fever 100F, satO2 drops to 72, ABGs-acute metabolic alkalosis with normal pCO2, satO2 65.?

Bronchiectasis pt. Admitted thrice, was ok, now fever 100F, satO2 drops to 72, ABGs-acute metabolic alkalosis with normal pCO2, satO2 65.?

Respiratory distress: Hello, no RR but must be raised. The resp alkalosis is compensated. He has COPD & prob chronic compensated resp alkalosis. He has? P'monia. If he has acute METABOLIC alkalosis he is not going to be able to correct with lungs, he is prob at max resp rate and pCO2 is nl and O2 at 72% He is on edge and needs to be admitted and most likely intubated and cause of metabolic alkalosis treated. Thx ...Read more

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How can CNS depression cause respiratory alkalosis?

How can CNS depression cause respiratory alkalosis?

It probably doesn't: Respiratory alkalosis is decreased co2 in the blood often caused by hyperventilation. CNS depression is related to reduced ventilation - an opposite situation. Neither sounds like a good thing. ...Read more

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How does CNS depression lead to respiratory alkalosis?

It doesn't: Respiratory alkalosis occurs as a result of hyperventilation, or breathing rapidly, releasing co2 and increasing your blood ph. CNS depression slows down your breathing, retaining co2, resulting usually in respiratory acidosis. ...Read more

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Does rapid breathing at high altitudes results to respiratory alkalosis?

Does rapid breathing at high altitudes results to respiratory alkalosis?

Yes: Actually, since you're at high altitude the low pressures cause you to breathe faster to get enough oxygen and therefore you're blowing off co2 at a faster rate which results in a respiratory alkalosis. This can be prevented by a medication called Diamox (acetazolamide) and also controlling how high you ascend in a day. ...Read more