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Acidosis Alkalosis Chart
Respiratory: Alkalosis by increasing ventilation reducing carbon dioxide
Normally our body chemistry is kept in a narrow range, and in particular the amount of acid in the body is kept within a narrow range. The amount of acid is measured by a value called the ph. It is normally a value between 7.35 and 7.45, values below 7.35 are considered to be "acidotic" a patient with this value of the blood chemistry ...Read more
Respir. Alkalosis: There are. Try one or more of these visuals garnered by google. Https://www. Google. Com/search? Q=respiratory+alkalosis&hl=en&rls=com. Microsoft:en-us&prmd=imvns&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=x&ei=k58eujrmomjc2wxz7ztibq&ved=0ceoq_auoaq&biw=1680&bih=869.
ABG: You need something called an arterial blood gas (abg) to get the information necessary to make that determination.
Level of CO2: The lungs help regulate the blood's ph by regulating carbon dioxide (co2) exhaled, eliminating it from the body. If not enough co2 is exhaled then it builds up in the blood stream, and leads to respiratory acidosis. If excessive co2 is exhaled, as in hyperventilation, then this can cause respiratory alkalosis.
Slowly & effectively: In response to acidosis, the kidney increases reabsorbtion of bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) from the tubular fluid, secretes more hydrogen ions, and generate more bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate). Ammoniagenesis leads to increased formation of the buffering compounds. In responses to alkalosis, the kidney excretes more bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate), decreases hydrogen ion secretion, and lowers rates of glutamine metabolism and ammonium excretion.
Metabolic issues: The kidneys are very smart at keeping the body at the ph level. The kidneys are capable of getting rid of large amounts of acids (hydrogen ions) and reabsorbing bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) to keep the body in homeostasis. We excrete acid (h+) through titratable acidity and ammonium.
Please help me figure out how to determine compensated, partially compensated and fully compensated abg's. I am ok with identifying pH, resp and metabolic acidosis and alkalosis, and oxygenation but when giving my final answer, I just can't put it togethe
ABGs: Look up ABG nomogram and how to read them and that should help.
Acidosis: With severe diarrhea, metabolic acidosis is frequent and can result in severe complications depending on extent and duration of the diarrhea as well as the degree of rehydration. The acidosis results from loss of K+ and bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) from excess liquid stool. The blood pH is normally maintained at 7.4. Below 7.35, metabolic acidosis is present.
Confused: Blood gas and a basic metabolic panel.
How could you expect this to affect blood pH and respiratory rate and is this a state of acidosis or alkalosis?
Incomplete question: We'd like to answer this even though it looks like a homework problem. Can you send the complete question? Thanks.
What to do if I have respiratory acidosis compensating for metabolic alkalosis or is metabolic alkalosis compensating for respiratory acidosis?
Difference....: If your ph in your blood is lower than normal, then you have an acidosis. If the ph in your blood is higher than normal, then you have an alkalosis. To figure out if the abnormality is respiratory or metabolic, you need to know the carbon dioxide level. An arterial blood gas test would give the information needed to diagnose the disorder, including whether or not there is compensation!
Abg result: mixed metabolic acidosis and respiratory alkalosis with more than adequate oxygenation. What's the meaning of this? Thank you.
Acid-base disorder: To give a clear answer we need to have the actual values for the ph, pco2, and the tco2 (usually called bicarbonate). A mixed disorder needs to be broken into the primary disorder and then if other disorders are present, are they primary or secondary. Normal oxygenation not relevant to this problem. Could be anxiety or medication for the resp alkalosis with a secondary hyperchloremic "acidosis".
When you have diarrhea and you lose intestinal juices, does that lead to blood pH undergoing acidosis or alkalosis?
Acidosis: When one has severe diarrhea or takes too many laxatives there is a resulting change in the balanced pH of the blood referred to as hyperchloremic acidosis. The diminution of bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) levels lost in the liquid stool results in this problem and must be compensated by minimizing or controlling the diarrhea and taking alkaline material P.O to return the blood pH to normal.
K and alkalosis acid: Blood K is sensitive to blood pH. (hydrogen ion concentration). When H gets too high (acidosis) it moves into cells to protect from death from too much acid. As H+ moves into cells a + ion must move out. This is usually K+. Thus hyperK. When H+ gets too low (alkalosis) in blood H+ moves from cell to blood to prevent death from low H+. As H+ moves out of cell K+ moves in. Thus blood K goes down.See 1 more doctor answer
Is serum Osmolality typically elevated in metabolic acidosis/alkalosis and ethylene glycol poisoning?
Yes: Particularly with ethylene glycol poisoning. For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex.
Normal CBC, CMP & electrolytes. Does this exclude acid/base problems such as metabolic acidosis or alkalosis??
Sort of: All laboratory results need to be interpreted in the clinical context and the doctor who ordered the tests is usually in the best position to do that. Having said that, just the fact that you are asking this question is sufficient to conclude that you do not have serious acid/base disorder.
Cause makes acidosis: Normal saline is full of chlorides. Excess chlorides are a known to produce a state called normal anion gap metabolic acidosis. Since acidosis is the opposite of alkalosis, therefore it neutralizes it.
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