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Doctor insights on: Acid Fast Bacilli Stain

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What is acid-fast bacilli?

What is acid-fast bacilli?

Mycobactera: It refers to a type of stain used to a identify bacteria, and means the bacteria hold on to the stain and appear red under the microscope. The most common acid fast bacilli. (AFB) are mycobacterium, of which the most famous is m. Tuberculosis. There are also non-tuberculous mycobacteria, and non-mycobacterial acid fast organisms that aren't bacilli (rod shaped organisms.). ...Read more

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Z-n stain for afb is negative imp: reactive lymphoid hyperplasia. Pls tell me is it cancer or not?

Z-n stain for afb is negative imp: reactive lymphoid hyperplasia. Pls tell me is it cancer or not?

Unlikely: By biopsy if it is reactive hyperplasia, means then it is not cancer, but need observation., AFB negative means did not see in lymph gland, also have to wait few wks to get culture report back, follow your doctor's advises ...Read more

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What do u mean with gram stained smears shows numerous gram-negative rod-shaped bacilli? . Its my lab result please help

What do u mean with gram stained smears shows numerous gram-negative rod-shaped bacilli? . Its my lab result please help

Bacterial infection: By gram negative rods / bacilli. You didn't say where, but even if this is sputum and you are a smoker, it's likely it's a real infection. Your physician knows how to deal with it, and if you've gotten the report, he/she has already got plans to treat it. ...Read more

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Had my GRAM STAIN TEST : result is MANY GRAM POSITIVE BACILLI. What does it mean? I am infected?

Had my GRAM STAIN TEST : result is MANY GRAM POSITIVE BACILLI. What does it mean? I am infected?

Gram's stain: You had Gram's stain of material from where? Why? What are your symptoms? Generally Gram-positive bacilli are either Bacillus spp, Clostridium spp., or Diphteroids, but other things are certainly possible. This does not, in and by itself, mean that you are infected. Need more info. ...Read more

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Sputum culture showed normal flora. Gram stain showed mod. Amt of gram positive and neg. Bacilli and mod. Amt of gram positive cocci. Few wbc. Concerns?

Sputum culture showed normal flora. Gram stain showed mod. Amt of gram positive and neg. Bacilli and mod. Amt of gram positive cocci. Few wbc. Concerns?

No.: From your description, it sounds like the diagnosis was normal flora present. The bacilli and cocci with few WBCs are just describing that. Normal flora is a mixed population like that described. When one has an infection, the causative organism will predominate and will likely be the only thing present. There will also usually be numerous WBCs as these are your cells that fight infection. ...Read more

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Positive for fungal spores gram stain:few gram negative bacilli in singles, few gram cocci in singles and moderate epithelial cells & pus cells noted?

Positive for fungal spores gram stain:few gram negative bacilli in singles, few gram cocci in singles and moderate epithelial cells & pus cells noted?

Sputum?: This sounds like a grossly inadequate sputum specimen, or one which was actually primarily saliva. The organisms seen are all part of normal oral flora, and this specimen should be repeated with an induced sputum specimen if the clinical situation warrants. ...Read more

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We have a TB patient (afb 2+)in our home, what are the precautions should be taken by us?

We have a TB patient (afb 2+)in our home, what are the precautions should be taken by us?

Tuberculosis: AFB positive in sputum or stomach lavage means the person is spreading tb, should have detail investigation including chest x-ray and be on standard TB treatment regime, 3-4 drugs.
He/she should be isolated. All household need tuberculin test and chest x-ray. In india, if received bcg, tuberculin test will not help, it will be +ve anyway. Isoniazid and pyridoxine for 9 months. Consult your doc. ...Read more

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Can you tell me what can my afb test results mean?

What is the result?: All lab results need to be evaluated in the clinical context and the doctor who ordered the test is usually in the best position to do that. ...Read more

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What can afb sputum test 2+ mean should his family members be worried?

What can afb sputum test 2+ mean should his family members be worried?

Yes: A positive AFB 2+ sputum means that there's continued detection of active TB in the lung and thus any unaffected person who continues to be exposed is at risk for transmission. ...Read more

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At what stage a person spread his tb? Can it spread while he is taking his medicines? (afb ++)

At what stage a person spread his tb? Can it spread while he is taking his medicines? (afb ++)

Until after sxs end: Generally anyone with lung or throat disease from TB will be infectious. The goal of medical treatment is to eliminate the mycobacterium in the body. At some point after (effective) treatment begins, one will no longer be infectious, but it's not immediate and can be tested (e.g., with sputum samples. If the treatment fails (from resistance or from not taking meds), you may be infectious again. ...Read more

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What can a 1+ mean on an afb test for tb?

Contagious: This is smear positive with the microscope.
The range is 0 to 4+.

It indicates a large amount of bacilli.

A patient like this can infect other people. ...Read more

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What's the difference between treatment of afb and a flutter?

What's the difference between treatment of afb and a flutter?

Regular vs Irregular: A-fib is very irregular conduction to the ventricles whereas a-flutter is more regular conduction. The p-waves on ekg during flutter are characteristric in appearance looking sawtooth whereas in a-fib, they are sometimes very hard to find. The right atrium is where the sa node generates the impulse for conduction. In the case of a-fib/flutter, other heart tissue is also conducting very fast. ...Read more

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I am diagnosed AFB positive on 6th June and started the medicine from next day. After one month now I am having night sweats what should I do?

I am diagnosed AFB positive on 6th June and started the medicine from next day. After one month now I am having night sweats what should I do?

Multiple drugs: Hi. Has the AFB been cultured and resistance determined? There is a lot of drug-resistant TB out there. Multiple drug regimens are the rule. You may not have had a clinical response to adequate drugs yet, or your drugs may not be adequate based on resistance. Talk with your doc and public health department. Good luck! ...Read more

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What to do if I have tuberculosis but why doctors are asking for sputum for afb test again after 1 month?

What to do if I have tuberculosis but why doctors are asking for sputum for afb test again after 1 month?

Acid- Fast Bacteria: Culture (AFB) culture for M. tuberculosis is checking for active TB (Tuberculosis). ...Read more

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I have tuberculosis. Is it normal that my doctors are asking for sputum for afb test again after 1 month?

Yes: Depending on the exact kind of tuberculosis (TB) germ, doctors usually want to keep close track of the patient to see if the germs are disappearing. There are several medicines to take for tb, and some germs are resistant to some of them. Your doctors want to know if you are "winning the battle" against your tb. Keep taking all of your medicines and follow your doctor's instructions. Good luck! ...Read more

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Hi, I'm 22 yrs old, F. Just wanna ask about my sputum results. 1stday: No AFB seen, PUS cells:few, Epithelial cells:few. 2nd day same except PUS:rare?

Hi, I'm 22 yrs old, F. Just wanna ask about my sputum results. 1stday: No AFB seen, PUS cells:few, Epithelial cells:few. 2nd day same except PUS:rare?

Pus cells;WBCs: Pus cells are white blood cells. It is normal to have a few or rare pus cells in a sputum but it would be concerning for infection if there were large numbers of them. AFB are acid fast bacilli and these are a marker for tuberculosis. The results are normal on both days with no sign of infection or AFB. However if they are concerned about TB with you then a sputum culture is needed. ...Read more

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In every morning some black colored spot comes out with transparent sputum and also feel frequent sharp chest pain. My sputum AFB report is negative.

In every morning some black colored spot comes out with transparent sputum and also feel frequent sharp chest pain. My sputum AFB report is negative.

Consult your doctor: Black spots in the sputum can indicate bleeding and where this is combined with chest pain it definitely needs to be checked out by your doctor. ...Read more

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How do I get sputum out from my lungs for sputum test for afb?

How do I get sputum out from my lungs for sputum test for afb?

Cough: You need to cough it up; if you are unable to, a nurse or rt can induce sputum by spraying some saline down your airway. ...Read more

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Is there a way to get sputum out of my lungs for sputum test for afb?

Is there a way to get sputum out of my lungs for sputum test for afb?

Making you cough: To find AFB (TB) your doctor needs a sample of the mucus that comes out of your lungs. Some people do that almost every time they cough, while others don't. For those who can't, breathing in salt water (a saline aerosol) can trigger a deep cough and bring up phlegm (called "induced sputum"). In children, it is common to put a tube into the stomach to sample lung mucus swallowed during the night. ...Read more

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I have history of PTB. Now days afb not seen, chest, shoulder joint & back side of chest pain. What I do?

I have history of PTB. Now days afb not seen, chest, shoulder joint & back side of chest pain. What I do?

CXR: You need serial follow up chest x-rays to determine if your TB is active, progressing, or quiescent. There are many causes of chest, shoulder, and back pain. TB is not high on the list. ...Read more

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Chest X-ray result- Fibronodular shadows seen in the left apex PPD - 20mm Sputum smear 1st&2nd - AFB = 0. Do I have an active or inactive TB?

More testing: Neg. sputum smears do not exclude active TB, you need a quanterferon gold blood test and a bronchoscopy to exclude active TB
looking at an old CXR is also worthwhile
more history and symptoms are lacking in your question ...Read more

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I am 27; I was diagnosed with mild ptb; sputum test is negative of afb strain. I don't experience any symptom of ptb. Can I infect my 3 mo old baby?

I am 27; I was diagnosed with mild ptb; sputum test is negative of afb strain. I don't experience any symptom of ptb. Can I infect my 3 mo old baby?

PULMONARY TB: If you got treatment for PTB and your sputum is negative for the bacilli, that means you can not infect your baby. You need frquent checkups to make sure there is no recurrence of ptb. ...Read more

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Skin test positive (20 mm) after 72 hrs., no afb on sputum, no cough/fever, but occasional blood in sputum (2-3/wk). Doc says not to worry, should i?

Skin test positive (20 mm) after 72 hrs., no afb on sputum, no cough/fever, but occasional blood in sputum (2-3/wk). Doc says not to worry, should i?

Yes: Your TB test is definitely very positive to TB and blood in sputum is always of concern. At the least, I think you need a chest x-ray tofind out what is going on since a negative AFB in sputum does not always rule out active TB and there may be other conditions which can cause the blood in sputum. ...Read more

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Yellow to green phlegm in a TB patient with 4 months Myrin Treatment. No AFB seen in the lab test of this phlegm. What may be it??

Yellow to green phlegm in a TB patient with 4 months Myrin Treatment. No AFB seen in the lab test of this phlegm. What may be it??

Sputum samples are: Notoriously inaccurate in diagnosing specific infections, especially TB. Cultures from sputum specimens have a similar problem & take weeks to get a result. While a positive test generally indicates active TB, a negative test may mean only that it was missed. It's important to finish the complete course of treatment. Consider other possible causes of excess phlegm as well. Dr. Anne ...Read more

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I was diagnosed with mild ptb; sputum test is negative of afb strain even before I start taking meds . Can I infect my 3 mo old baby?

I was diagnosed with mild ptb; sputum test is negative of afb strain even before I start taking meds <myrin p forte>. Can I infect my 3 mo old baby?

Unclear: Do you have tuberculosis or only a positive ppd? Btw, would use term mild tb. If only + ppd, no risk of contagion--take your inh for 9 mos. If you have the disease, there is risk and it can be devasting if the baby gets the disease--life threatening. Clarify your situation with your md asap. Get treated either way. ...Read more

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Only on the palm of hands and bottom of feet Langley Afb, ER didn't know what cause, said may be Pityriasis rubrapilarsis, was put on steroids on Monday, eat protein enough and in good health ; male 43 years old. What can done? Thank you

Only on the palm of hands and bottom of feet Langley Afb, ER didn't know what cause, said may be Pityriasis rubrapilarsis, was put on steroids on Monday, eat protein enough and in good health ; male 43 years old. What can done? Thank you

See a dermatologist!: There must be a derm. Clinic there. PRP will be on your scalp. You may have psoriasis, dyshidrotic eczema, pustulosis palmaris, etc. NOT related to protein or any other food. STOP the steroids and see a skin DR right away. Indicate it is urgent when you call. Stay away from ER, stay away from all DRs except dermatologist. ...Read more

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What does "many gram negative bacilli" mean?

See below: I assume you are referring to the gram stain of some type of secretion or wound.
This means that there are many gram negative bacilli such as e.Coli, klebsiella, proteus, pseudomonas etc seen on examining the gram stained specimen under the microscope. The specific gram neg bacillus should be identified on the culture results. ...Read more

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My swab results show moderate gram positive bacilli. What does it mean?

My swab results show moderate gram positive bacilli. What does it mean?

Gram positive bacilli: It will be helpful to know what type of swab you are referring to. Gram positive bacilli are a type of bacteria (germs) that can cause infection in certain situation ...Read more

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Meaning of no gram (+) nor gram (-) bacilli or cocci seen. Epithelial cells = 1-2/oif?

Meaning of no gram (+) nor gram (-) bacilli or cocci seen. Epithelial cells = 1-2/oif?

What was examined?: Is it the result of sputum exam or an other body fluid? It is likely not an abnormal finding. ...Read more

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What is doderlein (lacto) bacilli?

Doderdlein's bacilli: This organism is a large, gram-positive bacteria occurring in normal vaginal secretions and thought by some to be identical with lactobacillus acidophilus, although the exact nature of what doderlein described makes this unclear. ...Read more