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Doctor insights on: Achr Modulating Antibody

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Elevated EBV ab VCA IgG <8 and EBV nucleaer antigen ab IgG test 4.2. & anti-dna(ss)igg ab qn ( 119)& c react protien(5.6) what are implications?

Elevated EBV ab VCA IgG <8 and EBV nucleaer antigen  ab IgG test 4.2. & anti-dna(ss)igg ab qn ( 119)& c react protien(5.6)  what are implications?

Nothing.: Ebv antibodies indicate you had a previous infection, but not active. The c-reactive protein needs a units indicator - that is either normal or somewhat elevated. The anti ss dna is extremely nonspecific and very rarely indicated; I have no idea why that was ordered, discuss with your doctor. ...Read more

Antibody (Definition)

An antibody is a protein the body's immune system makes to identify potentially harmful substances in the body. Antibodies attach to the substance on a molecular level and mark it so the immune ...Read more


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My serum test is negative for endomysial antibody iga, ttg tissue transglutasminase iga, gliadin antibody igg. But positive for gliadin antibody iga?

My serum test is negative for endomysial antibody  iga, ttg tissue transglutasminase iga, gliadin antibody igg. But positive for gliadin  antibody iga?

Treat the person: Lab tests mean nothing in isolation, and have many false positives and false negatives. The decision to make a trial of a gluten-free diet will be between you and your gastroenterologist or dermatologist based on the big picture. ...Read more

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What are antibodies? 

What are antibodies? 

Immune proteins: Antibodies are complex proteins made by the immune system to act against bacteria, viruses, or other infections. They also are active in signaling between different types of cells and in the activity of cells of the immune system. ...Read more

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What exactly is an anti-streptococcal antibody titer?

What exactly is an anti-streptococcal antibody titer?

IgM or IgG anti stre: In general antibody titers are (blood or saliva or wherever the sample is )tests that measure the immunoglobulines associated to certain diseases (in this case streptococal)that indicate whether or not the body has developed defenses against. Igm elevated means a "recent" infection, IgG elevation means old or previous exposure. ...Read more

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Discuss monoclonal antibody production?

Discuss monoclonal antibody production?

Monospecific Ab.: Monoclonal antibodies are those that are produced by the identical immune cells that are descended from the same parent cell. They produce anitibodies that bind to only one epitope or site on an antigen. This means that they are monospecific. This makes them useful in things like research because they can isolate a strain purely and completely. ...Read more

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Antinuclear antibody and anticardiolipin ab both positive, what are implications?

Antinuclear antibody and  anticardiolipin ab both positive, what are implications?

Connective Tissue Dx: With a positive ana, you must now characterize it. The positive anticardiolipin abs need to quatified for the 3 types: igg, igm, and iga. The ones that are likely to cause thrombotic issues are in order: igm, igg, and iga. You need a rheumatologic or immunologic evaluation. ...Read more

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Does complement affect IgG and IgM reactions with antigens?

Does complement affect IgG and IgM reactions with antigens?

Complement: Complement is a serum protein that works with IgM and some igg subtypes to destroy foreign invaders. Persons with complement deficiency can have an increased frequency of infections. ...Read more

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Describe polyclonal and monoclonal antibody production?

Cells vs, animals: A monoclonal antibody is produced by in-vitro manipulation by expoanding a single cell making a desired antibody. Polyclonal antibodies are usually derived from immunizing an animal and colletcting its blood/serum containing the antibody. Polyclonal antibodies are a mixture of a large number of different cells. ...Read more

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Reactivated EBV 9 months after first infection. Could i be immunodeficient? Antibody count: 65 ab VCA igm; 53 ea ab igg; 431 ab VCA igg; 289 ebna igg.

Reactivated EBV 9 months after first infection. Could i be immunodeficient? Antibody count: 65 ab VCA igm; 53 ea ab igg; 431 ab VCA igg; 289 ebna igg.

No: Unfortunately ebv stays alive forever in one's lymphocytes and can get activated easily in susceptible people without known immunodeficiency. However you may call that an immunodeficiency given that all people have been infected with it yet only few would have recurrent ebv problem. ...Read more

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What would cause a high positive ANA (1:640) speckled, nucleolar with a low positive smooth muscle antibody (1:40) but negative SS-A, SS-B, anti-Smith, RNP, SCL-70, Anti Jo antibodies? Liver disease?

Probably normal: Many people have a positive ANA without being sick. If you also have elevated liver enzymes, a workup for autoimmune hepatitis may be continued, but if there's nothing to suggest a liver problem biochemically, I'd not be in a hurry to diagnose despite anti-smooth-muscle. ANA means nothing apart from the clinical picture. Best wishes. ...Read more

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Is antithyroglobulin antibody test the same as thyroglobulin antibody test?

Is antithyroglobulin antibody test the same as thyroglobulin antibody test?

Yes: Both address presence of antibody to the rhyroglobulin molecule made by thyroid gland. See this site for more info. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003557.htm. ...Read more

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Does anyone have information on or personal experiences with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome?

Miscarriage: Apa, along with lupus anti-coagulant antibody, are two antibodies that attack the areas in the cell wall of growing tissue, especially the fast-growing placental tissue of an early pregnancy. These are newly-discovered causes for recurrent miscarriage, but also place the patient at higher risk for developing a blood clot, especially with hormone use, later in life. ...Read more

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What is the purpose of monoclonal antibodies?

What is the purpose of monoclonal antibodies?

Diagnosis and Rx: Monoclonal antibodies are used in many diagnostic tests. These are also used in the treatment of some tumors. However, monoclonal immunoglobulins in a person are markers of disease, especially multiple myeloma. ...Read more

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Is the anti-nmda receptor autoantibody considered a paraneoplastic autoantibody?

Anti NMDA ab: It can be found on anti-nmda receptor encephalitis -which can be related to tumor of the ovaries. Anti nmda can be also found on other conditions such as schizophrenia and narcolepsy associated with psychotic features. Please discuss further with your neurologist and your pmd. ...Read more

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Ebvab VCA IgM <36 (range 0-35.9), ebvearly antigenab IgG 37 (0-8.9), ebvab VCA IgG >600 (0-17.9), EBV nuclearantigenab IgG 409 (0-17.9) mono? No mono?

Ebvab VCA IgM <36 (range 0-35.9), ebvearly antigenab IgG 37 (0-8.9), ebvab VCA IgG >600 (0-17.9), EBV nuclearantigenab IgG 409 (0-17.9) mono? No mono?

You had mono...: Your mono-like symptoms likely prompted the testing- i hope you are starting to feel a little better. Testing for different antibodies (igm and igg) against ebv, requires careful interpretation. In early phases of infection, the igm level peaks first followed by a decline; levels of igg peak afterwards, and may remain elevated for quite a while. ...Read more

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How do antibodies work in the immune system?

How do antibodies work in the immune system?

Complicated: Antibodies basically surround infectious organisms (usually bacteria) and help either neutralize them or lead to their destruction. ...Read more

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Are antinuclear antibodies(ana's) reversible?

No: Generally the development of auto-immune antibodies is not reversible, the titer, strength, of the antibody may be modified by treatment and natural relapses and remissions. ...Read more