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Doctor insights on: About The Pathophysiology Of Gastroenteritis

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Can you tell me the pathophysiology of acute gastroenteritis?

Can you tell me the pathophysiology of acute gastroenteritis?

Acute vs. recurrent?: Lots of things can cause GI distress to recur--incompletely treated infection (e.g. Giardia) or re-exposure with re-infection; maldigestion (pancreatic insufficiency) or malabsorption (celiac sprue); food intolerances with re-exposure to the offending substance (lactose, sorbitol, etc.), irritable bowel syndrome, missed diagnosis (incomplete evaluation), many viruses & bacteria.What R UR symptoms? ...Read more

Dr. David Cohen
796 doctors shared insights

Stomach Flu (Definition)

Viral gastroenteritis is a viral infection of the GI tract. It can be picked up from contact with surfaces and foods that are carrying the virus. Symptoms include upset stomach, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps. Sometimes ...Read more


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Can you die from gastroenteritis?

Can you die from gastroenteritis?

Yes: Rotavirus group a is the leading cause of viral gastroenteritis worldwide. It causes a dehydrating diarrhea in infants and young children. More than a half-million infants and young children worldwide die of rotavirus gastroenteritis each year (parashar et al, 2009). Fatalities from viral gastroenteritis are more likely to occur in those at the extremes of age or the immunocompromised. ...Read more

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What causes gastroenteritis usually?

What causes gastroenteritis usually?

Germ invasion: The gut viruses are spread through saliva & end up on a variety of surfaces like door knobs or shopping carts & live for hours or days.The average adult will pass germs from their contaminated fingers to their face or mouth several times per hour. These germs invade the lining of your gut & cause symptoms.Some bacteria can enter the same way & cause the same sx. Frequent handwasing can reduce this. ...Read more

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What kind of foods should you not eat if you have gastroenteritis?

What kind of foods should you not eat if you have gastroenteritis?

Start slow: It's best to give your GI tract a rest in the beginning. Focus on hydration. When you do eat, start with clear liquids and then advance gradually if tolerated. Good things to eat included bananas, toast, rice, broth, and apples. Avoid caffeine, alcohol, milk products, acidic food, and fatty food. Stay off milk products until you've been better for 1-2 weeks. ...Read more

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Can gastroenteritis be fatal?

Yes but not commonly: Acute gastroenteritis is extremely common & most cases resolve on their own with simple support care. (many cases of "stomach bug" or the inaccurately-titled "stomach flu" are mild cases of food poisoning.) way, it's still a pain in the gut w/ similar symptoms & similar care. More serious infections do occur, especially in countries or areas w/ poor sanitation. More sick or lasting, see your doc. ...Read more

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Will gastroenteritis kill me?

It can: Gastroenteritis is the number one cause of death world wide. In developed countries it is very rare to die from this, especially if you have access to medical care. I personally have one patient who did die from gastro when they refused to come back for re-eval as recommended. ...Read more

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Does shigellosis = gastroenteritis?

Does shigellosis =  gastroenteritis?

A type: Shigella is a bacteria that can cause diarrhea, fever, vomiting. It can occassionally cause a seizure. It is also treatable with antibiotics. ...Read more

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Dr. Stephen Scholand
1,184 doctors shared insights

Gastroenteritis (Definition)

Gastroenteritis is a loose term denoting inflammation of the stomach and small ...Read more