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Doctor insights on: Abnormal Laryngeal Development In Infants In Children

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What is the definition or description of: Abnormal laryngeal development in infants?

What is the definition or description of: Abnormal laryngeal development in infants?

Vocal cords: Do not develop in a normal manner. This can affect the structure of the vocal cords leading to differences in cry or breathing difficulties. Abnormal maturation of control of the vocal cords can also occur, possibly contributing to respiratory problems. ...Read more

Larynx (Definition)

The larynx is the organ that houses the vocal cords. This provides speech, and protects the airway from aspirating food. There are other functions also, such as allowing increased pressure for weight lifting by partially closing ...Read more


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How can you treat a rash on a infants neck and what causes it?

How can you treat a rash on a infants neck and what causes it?

Depends on situation: Rashes are quite diverse in their origin & approach to treatment. Without looking at the rash or having you describe it in more detail, it is difficult to reccomend a rx. I would have it looked at if it seems to bother baby. Most infant rashes are transient & many self heal with simple bathing & avoiding aggravating lotions. ...Read more

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Are infant neck floats safe?

Are infant neck floats safe?

Neck Floats: Neck floats do not replace parent or caregiver being in the water with the infant. Not safe if using without close supervision. ...Read more

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Why do infants have such weak neck muscles?

Why do infants have such weak neck muscles?

Big head!: Infants have overall relatively low muscle tone and coordination because they have not used their muscles much, and their neurologic systems are still developing. Neck muscles seem especially poor in part due to the relatively large head which is out of proportion to the neck to begin with. ...Read more

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Why neck stiffness cannot be illicited in infants to diagnose meningitis?

Why neck stiffness cannot be illicited in infants to diagnose meningitis?

Immune system: Infants, especially neonates, still have developing immune systems; the neck stiffness is a manifestation of inflammation, which requires an intact robust immune response. Due to this, many of the classic adult signs of infection are often muted or absent in infant infections. ...Read more

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Can Mupirocin ointment usp, 2% be used to treat red smelly spot on infants neck fold?

Can Mupirocin ointment usp, 2% be used to treat red smelly spot on infants neck fold?

Not likely: What you describe in a neck fold sounds like a candidal yeast infection, which would respond to an antifungal like nystatin ...Read more

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4 month old infant with eczema on back of neck and bleeding due to scratching. How would you treat this?

4 month old infant with eczema on back of neck and bleeding due to scratching. How would you treat this?

See your doc: There are multiple medications that can be used. First you have to rule out secondary bacterial infection. See your physician. ...Read more

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I believe my 4 week old infant has a yeast infection in his little neck rolls. Do we need to make an appointment to come in for some medication?

I believe my 4 week old infant has a yeast infection in his little neck rolls. Do we need to make an appointment to come in for some medication?

Depends: It is more common for u to see prickly heat there. Until babies neck grows longer & the skin on skin quits trapping sweat, the moisture often produces tiny red dots or raw skin. Lifting the folds, bathing the area & blowing dry with a lo heat hair dryer can help. If the red bumps are rough to touch, it could be yeast & some antifungal cream might be needed. Call the office during regular hours for rx. ...Read more

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Good day, my 1year old son has 2 tiny lumps in the middle of his neck underneath both ears. Is this normal in infants that is teething?

Good day, my 1year old son has 2 tiny lumps in the middle of his neck underneath both ears. Is this normal in infants that is teething?

No: Lumps under both ears are not associated with teething. Please see your Pediatrician for evaluation. Also all children should see Dentist at eruption 1st tooth but not later that 1st b'day. Recommend Pediatric Dentist (Pedodontist) rather than General Dentist for all the same reasons you see Pediatric Physician (Pediatrician) rather than General Physician. ...Read more

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Will it affect my 6mth old baby development when he sleeps in d baby carrier for 1-2 hr. Upright position. Will it be too straining on the neck?

Will it affect my 6mth old baby development when he sleeps in d baby carrier for 1-2 hr. Upright position. Will it be too straining on the neck?

No; should be ok: A baby is very flexible, so sleeping 1-2 hours in a baby carrier is no problem, if he is buckled in a good position. Babies who frequently go on long commutes or vacation trips will spend many hours riding in car seats. They don't seem to get neck problems from the car rides. ...Read more

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My nephew is 6 months. His neck is not much stronger as usually baby of his age have. Always needs support. Is it abnormal?

My nephew is 6 months. His neck is not much stronger as usually baby of his age have. Always needs support. Is it abnormal?

Neck Control: Poor neck control could be a sign of developmental or other problems in a child. The pediatrician can tell if the child has an appropriate neck control for age and refer if concerned. ...Read more

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What is the effect of parental unemployment on the development of infants and toddlers?

What is the effect of parental unemployment on the development of infants and toddlers?

Depends on parent: If during unemployment the child sees a parent continuing to function as a parent and role model, unemployment does not have to be detrimental to the family. Take the time to read to kids, do activities with them outdoors, teach them to get involved in the community by going with you to volunteer during your unemployed hours. By showing them you can conquer what life gives you, it can even be good! ...Read more

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What’s the variation in development in infants with autism?

What’s the variation in development in infants with autism?

Considerable: Children on the autism spectrum present with considerable variation in communication skills, motor + other developmental delays. Changes may be subtle. The m-chat or modified checklist for autism in toddlers is a screening tool for possible autism. Drs use this tool in toddlers from 12-18 mos of age. If an infant has developmental delays- they need referral to a specialist to confirm diagnosis. ...Read more

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Could keeping a child in an infant carrier too long could delay the child's development?

Could keeping a child in an infant carrier too long could delay the child's development?

Yes: Infants need human contact and stimulation to develop and stimulate their brains optimally. Stimulation includes touching, such as holding, kissing, cuddling, tickling. This isn't happening alone in an infant carrier. Infant carriers should be used for what it says - to carry the infant from point A to point B and that's it. They are not a babysitter..... ...Read more

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Is it Possible that switching formulas one to many times can effect brain development or harm brain development in an infant?

Is it Possible that switching formulas one to many times can effect brain development or harm brain development in an infant?

No, but...: Switching formulas that are meant for regular babies is ok to do and does not lead to problems... but of course, anything is possible in life. No worries. One can just choose major brands of formula, and that should work fine. Breast milk works better, if a woman can breastfeed. ...Read more

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What roles do heredity and nutrition have on infant growth and development?

What roles do heredity and nutrition have on infant growth and development?

Heredity: Determines growth and can be a large factor in developmental potential. Nutrition, adequate sleep, and early stimulation allow that potential to be realized. ...Read more

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What effect does an infant's environment have on his growth and development?

What effect does an infant's environment have on his growth and development?

Transactional theory: of development fits with current knowledge of neurogenetics: a developmental trajectory is determined by the ongoing interaction of an infant with its physical & social environment. Chronic antenatal anxiety/depression can alter fetal brain development as much as postnatal depression alters infant brain development. Adult outcomes differ greatly in infants with enriched vs. Adverse environments. ...Read more

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Will growing up in an overly hygienic/sterile environment hinder the development of an infant's immunity system?

Will growing up in an overly hygienic/sterile environment hinder the development of an infant's immunity system?

Hygiene Hypothesis: This hypothesis suggests that infants not exposed to microbes early on will not "shift" their immune system from th2 (allergy prone) to th1 (fight infections), thus increasing risk for asthma and allergic disorders. These infants will however have a fully functional immune system to fight infections as they grow. It will not suppress their immune function. ...Read more

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Is an average sleeping spo2 of 92% acceptable for an infant's brain development? Is there an optimal spo2 range for brain development?

Is an average sleeping spo2 of 92% acceptable for an infant's brain development? Is there an optimal spo2 range for brain development?

92% is fine!: Over 90% is just fine so don't worry. Do discuss your concerns about your baby w/ the pediatrician. Premmies do raise parents anxiety, but try to do the hard task of finding the just right spot of care/comfort. When you ask for and get good info from the Dr. Use it to do the right stuff and relax. I wish you all well! ...Read more

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Do giant aneurysms in coronary arteries, effect normal development on infants?

Do giant aneurysms in coronary arteries, effect normal development on infants?

No: They should not affect normal development however make sure the infant is followed closely by a pediatric cardiologist. I'm assuming they were caused by kawasaki disease. ...Read more

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Can caffeine in breast milk affect intellectual development of the infant?

Can caffeine in breast milk affect intellectual development of the infant?

Possibly: Small amounts of caffeine taken in the morning are probably not harmful. But if a baby does not get adequate sleep due to excessive caffeine in the breast milk, the lack of sleep can certainly affect their intellectual development. ...Read more

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What size tubing is used for enteral feedings for children and infants?

What size tubing is used for enteral feedings for children and infants?

Depends: It depends on the age and the weight of the child as well as on where you are going to use them, what are you using them for and for how long. ...Read more

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Immunization infants how important is immunization for infant children and what are the risk

Immunization infants how important is immunization for infant children and what are the risk

Very: Very important. This is demonstrated by the recent outbreaks of measles in unimmunized children. The mortality from measles is about 2%. The adverse reaction to the measles vaccination about 1:100, 000. You can surely do the math. No studies have confirmed the
folk lore that immunizations cause autism. Following that scare, there were many deaths in
children who were not protected against pertussis. Anyone doubting the efficacy of vaccination
should visit an old grave yard and see how many children died in infancy in the first half of
the last century before antibiotics and vaccines were available to children. ...Read more

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Can yellow tongue affect children or infants?

Can yellow tongue affect children or infants?

Usually not.: Yellow tongue usually occurs as a result of harmless changes to the tiny projections (papillae) on the surface of the tongue. Most commonly this occurs when the papillae become enlarged and bacteria in the mouth produce colored pigments. Rarely, yellow tongue may be a sign of jaundice, a yellowing of the eyes and skin that may indicate liver or gallbladder problems. Not seen in infants/children. ...Read more

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Why are the symptoms of bacterial meningitis in infants and young children?

Why are the symptoms of bacterial meningitis in infants and young children?

The classic stiff: Neck, arched back, lethargy, irritability and high fever, often after a respiratory infection (pneumonia) or especially ear infection. Once started, head ache, vomiting are also part of the symotims from blocked ventricles and elevated intracranial pressure. ...Read more

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If a patient wanted to be induced early to avoid a difficult delivery of a large infant, how unusual will it be to induce at less than 36 weeks?

If a patient wanted to be induced early to avoid a difficult delivery of a large infant, how unusual will it be to induce at less than 36 weeks?

Extremely: No doctor should consider this based on current guidelines. You should be evaluated for causes of a large infant. Elective delivery should not be performed prior to 39 weeks. Estimated size is not an appropriate indication for early delivery due to the inaccuracy inherent in estimating fetal weight. Size may be considered when deciding the route of delivery. ...Read more

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How to prevent meningitis in infants/children?

Vaccination: Vaccination has proven the most effective way of prevention of bacterial meningitis caused by hemophilus inluenzae ; strep pneumoniae
meningococcal meningitis is very sporadic, and routine immunization against it is not currently recommended for young children under age 11. ...Read more