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A List Of Foods That Can Be Eaten Before A Pet Scan
Pet scans most often use a radioactive form of glucose, the energy source for most of the cells in our bodies. The pet scanner can detect and measure how much of the radioactive glucose analog, f-18 fdg, is in a particular organ or region. The areas using more glucose are hyper metabolic and generally more worrisome. Our brains and sometimes hearts prefer glucose as food, making ...Read more
What is the question:
Currently pet scans are widely use for evaluation of glucose metabolism in the body.
In oncology, is use to for initial metabolic characterization of tumors, metastases as well as for treatment response and surveillance. In cardiology, pet scans are use to assess heart ischemia and viability and in neurology the study is use to evaluate cognitive disorders, epilepsy and brain tumors ...Read more
StandardUptakeValue: Suv simply stands for standard uptake value of a certain area on a scan (lesion, lymph node, etc). This is typically used to standardize pet scans between institutions and physicians. Studies show that maximum suvs of certain lesions are more indicative of cancer. This takes out some of the subjectiveness of reading the studies because by looking at this value, one can decide if it is high or low. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Approved for cancer: Pet scan are approved for staging, response assessment and surveillance of certain types of cancers. However, any pathologic process that augments the consumption of glucose (such as infection or inflammation) can be evaluated, though these indications are not currently covered. In addition, pet scans are used to evaluate for brain cognitive disorder, heart ischemia and myocardial viability. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
Much like a CT:
Pet/ct is a scanner which looks a lot like a ct scanner.
However, pet scans most often use a radioactive form of glucose, the energy source for most of the cells in our bodies. The pet scanner can detect and measure how much of the radioactive glucose analog, f-18 fdg, is in a particular organ or region.
The areas using more glucose are hyper metabolic and generally more concerning. ...Read more
PETs...: Pet scans can be used for a variety of purposes depending on the specific radiotracer used. Most commonly, pets are done with FDG (glucose) for oncologic reasons. Other uses of pet include cardiac pet (viability and perfusion studies) or neurologic pet (for seizure focus mapping or dementia). ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Blood Flow: A pet/ct with n13 ammonia allows evaluation of the flow of blood in the cardiac vessels, and is useful in determining if a patient would benefit from a more invasive test, called a cardiac angiogram, to better view suspected vessel narrowings (called stenoses) and possibly treat them with angioplasty and stenting. ...Read moreSee 4 more doctor answers
Tricky: Not all cancers are hypermetabolic on pet scans and not all hypermetabolic activity in a pet scan is cancer. Inflammation/infection can also show hypermetabolic activity. Pet scans are performed in conjugation with ct (pet/ct) and though pet is great for detecting metabolism (high sensitivity), its specificity is not as great and also has poor anatomic resolution. Reading a pet requires care/skil. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Increased activity: Where it shouldn't be. All organ systems have some metabolic activity, but active organs, such as the heart, kidneys and brain are normally very active. However, the bones, lungs and muscle are not. Various color schemes can be used to detect abnormal uptake. The yellow orange areas show metastatic disease in the liver and bone. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Positron Emission: These studies are done by injecting a special "dye" that is attached to a specific molecule. Most of the pet today is done using FDG (a glucose/sugar look-a-like molecule). Wherever this molecule is used/concentrated, the pet scan is brighter. Hence, tumors/infections (which use a lot of energy/sugar/fdg) are bright on such studies. More: http://en. Wikipedia. Org/wiki/positron_emission_tomography. ...Read moreSee 4 more doctor answers
But I cannot give you the answer without knowing why the scan was performed.
An abnormal scan most likely is because there is an area in your body that is more metabolically active, than expected.
But pet scans are done as pet/ct scans and abnormality could be in the ct part. ..Which could be anything. ..Anatomically not "normal". These ct findings could be "normal" for you but not me. Ask ur md. ...Read more
Probably: I would not recommend a child or pregnant woman be the companion. The amount of radiation dose is minimal to caretaker as long as has usual distance of 3.5 feet from patient. Study involves injection of isotope and sitting in quiet room for about 45 minutes. Then pet ct scan performed possibly for another half hour. Typical dose would be about 0.13 msv. Round-trip flight from new york to tokyo 0.13msv. ...Read more
F18-FDG: Different pet tracers exist for positron emitting scans (pet) scans. The most widely used for oncologic purpose is f18-fdg (fluorine-18-fludeoxyglucose) which is a modified glucose (fdg) attached to a radionuclide (f18) that emits gamma photons of 511 kev (energy) and has a physical half-life of 110 minutes. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
Usually not much:
Metal can block the gamma rays that are emitted by the patient, and block the xrays from the ct portion of the pet/ct, which can create errors on one portion of the exam (called the attenuation corrected scan).
However, the original pet data from the scan (uncorrected) is always available for review, so if the standard images have artifact on them, the uncorrected images can be reviewed. ...Read more
Eyes to thighs: Even though the study is called whole body pet/ct, most often the image acquisition is from the eyes to thighs. The parts of the body that are included varies from center to center and also depends on the patient's symptoms and cancer histopathology. For e.g. Melanomas can metastasize anywhere in the body and thus real whole body scans are obtained (skull vertex to toes). ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
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