Doctor insights on:
A Differential Diagnosis Of Hyperglycemia
Low carbohydrate: Hyperglycemia= blood glucose above the upper limit of normal; if there is no diabetes, it is usually transient; however, patients with diabetes (>126 fasting, >200 non fasting)have difficulty metabolizing glucose thus producing hyperglycemia. Decreasing the consumption of high carbohydrate food content, exercising, avoiding soft drinks, sweets, taking your medication if you are a diabetic may help. ...Read more
There are many.: Acute effects of hyperglycemia can be fatigue, blurred vision, excessive urination and thirst. Over time one may lose weight abnormally. Long term hyperglycemia leads to the microvascular complications of diabetes. These are diabetic retinopathy and possible vision loss or blindness, neuropathy and increased risk of amputation of a lower limb, and nephropathy possibly leading to kidney dialysis. ...Read more
Hyperglycemia: The biggest reason for hyperglycemia in this day is obesity. I am an orthopedic surgeon, yet there is not a day that goes by that I do not see several morbidly obese patients. The majority of them are hyperglycemic and type ii diabetes. Some patients may be hyperglycemic and normal weight. For those patients they should be seeing their endocrinologist or primary care doctor. ...Read more
Great question!: Macrosomia (large fetus, >4 kilos or 9 lbs), polyhydramnios, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, pyelectasis, cerebral ventriculomegaly, fetal death are all possible consequences of maternal hyperglycemia. The more prolonged the hyperglycemia and the more severe the worse the outcomes. Periconceptional hyperglycemia can increase miscarriage, structural anomalies as well. See a maternal-fetal medicine md! ...Read more
Sugar damages kidney:
Uncontrolled hyperglycemia (high sugar) as seen in diabetes
damages all of the organs of the body including the kidneys.
Damaged kidney then leaks protein (albumin) into urine and you get albuminuria. Progression of this problem can lead to kidney failure, that's why is so important to control diabetes and hyperglycemia. ...Read more
Yes: The duration and severity of hyperglycemic episodes are major risk factors for the development of diabetic neuropathy. The process for this is not entirely well understood likely because there are multiple effects of high blood sugar on disrupting nerve cell function and tipping the balance from cell repair to nerve cell death. ...Read more
I MAY BE MISSING: A thing or two but I am not aware of this. ...Read more
Prediabetes: Hyperglycemia is caused by either not having enough Insulin to carry glucose into your cells (type i) or your cells being insensitive to Insulin (type ii). Prediabetes is a precursor to type ii diabetes that can be reversed with early, aggressive intervention, including regular glucose checks, diet and exercise. ...Read more
May be quite varied!:
Hypoglycemia: shakiness, sweating, hunger, palpitations. If severe: confusion, lethargy, seizure, or coma could occur.
Hyperglycemia: no symptoms if mild (that's what's so dangerous over long periods of time). If severe: frequent urination, ravenous thirst. If not addressed over long periods of time, damage to kidneys, nerves, eyes, and blood vessels can result. ...Read more
Abnormal blood sugar:
Hyper=high hypo=low glycemia=sugar in blood or bs
low bs is <62mg/dl; high bs depends on pre- or post-meal status. High pre meal bs is >110mg/dl or >126mg/dl
high 2 hour post meal bs is>140 or >180mg/dl depending on whether diabetes has been diagnosed or not. In general, a 'target' bs of 100-180mg/dl for diabetic is good. ...Read more
One 2 hi, one 2 low: If u fast for 8 hours (FBS) blood sugar should be between 70 and 100. Hypo=low, hyper=high, glyc=sugar, emia=in the blood. If ur FBS is repeatedly between 100-126, you are in a state known as 'impaired glucose tolerance'. If ur FBS > 126, you are diabetic, which is by far the cause of hyperglycemia. Hypoglycemia usually is caused by too much Insulin in blood, or too strong rx of diabetes. ...Read more
Omg! I found out asking questions here that what I have is hypoglycemia not hyperglycemia. Now what do I need to do next?
6 little meals a day: Hypoglycemia is often helped by eating small, frequent meals through the day. Be sure to eat protein and carbohydrates together to avoid a high spike of blood sugar, followed by a deep 'crash.' hypoclycemia can make you feel sweaty, shaky, clammy, or dizzy. But eating regularly can help prevent these symptoms. Stay away from sugary treats and emphasize vegetables and fruits. Lgromkomd. ...Read more
Sugar production: Glucagon made by the body tells your liver to make more sugar, and when all systems are functioning properly, should not cause 'hyper'glycemia...Should result in normal sugars. Bottled glucagon given by injection as a medication an cause transient hyperglycemia because the dose is large, and that is its intended effect. ...Read more