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Doctor insights on: Coarctation Of The Aorta

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What sort of disease is coarctation of the aorta?

What sort of disease is coarctation of the aorta?

Inherited blood vesl: This artery narrowing happens during blood vessel growth in the fetus, and can rarely be diagnosed before birth. Many narrowings have to be fixed surgically to prevent death or severe disability. ...Read more

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Aorta (Definition)

The aorta is the largest artery in the body, leaving directly from the left ventricle of the heart to supply blood to the entire body. It is made of elastic tissue layers called "intima" and is subject to damage by high blood pressure, smoking, cholesterol, ...Read more


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What is coarctation of the aorta?

What is coarctation of the aorta?

Narrowing of alrta: Coarctation is a narrowing of the main vessel (aorta). It leads to hypertension and increased work for the heart. Untreated it leads to stroke coronary disease and death. Therapeutic options are surgery or catheter therapy. ...Read more

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What is a coarctation of the aorta?

What is a coarctation of the aorta?

Narrowing : This is a congenital condition that arises from abnormal maturation of the aorta relative to the heart and arteries for the lung. As a result, there is a narrowing of the aorta resulting in reduced outflow of blood from the heart. ...Read more

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What sort of problem is arteriosclerosis of the heart?

What sort of problem is arteriosclerosis of the heart?

Arteriosclerosis: Arteriosclerosis is a hardening of the arteries. This happens from fat, cholesterol or other harmful substances stick to the wall of the artery and form a plaque. Over time, the plaque can grow and end up closing off most of the artery. This causes a decreased blood flow and you can get problems with the heart from not getting enough blood. ...Read more

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What causes the coarctation of the aorta?

What causes the coarctation of the aorta?

Congenital: It is a cogenital defect and is present in utero ( before birth). ...Read more

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What is coarctation of the aorta ?

Narrowing: Congenital narrowing of the aorta which is the main artery coming of the left side of the heart , typically affect aortic portion in the chest distal to left subclavian artery . It can present in babies but in mild cases it may have late presentation in adults. ...Read more

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What are the causes coarctation of the aorta?

What are the causes coarctation of the aorta?

Narrowing: Coarctation usually occurs near the site of the pda. The PDA is a normal channel in the fetal circulation which helps blood bypass the lungs (since fetuses don't breathe). When the baby is born, the PDA constricts and closes. In some patients, the aorta also become constricted and leads to coarctation. ...Read more

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What is the principal sign of coronary artery disease?

What is the principal sign of coronary artery disease?

Angina: At early stages it may not cause symptoms. Once blockages become more significant, chest pain and/or shortness of breath occur, usually worse with activity. ...Read more

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What is the principal symptom of coronary artery disease?

What is the principal symptom of coronary artery disease?

Chest pain: Symptoms from coronary artery disease (CAD) can vary. The most common is angina and can include chest pain as well as pain in the arm, jaw, or abdomen. The pain typically gets worse with activity and better with rest. Shortness of breath can also develop, especially as the heart muscle begins to weaken from inadequate blood flow. ...Read more

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What are the consequences of coarctation of the aorta?

Many complications: Some of the complications that may occur are high blood pressure, rupture of the aorta, stroke, premature heart disease and weakening or bulging of arteries in the brain. If aortic coarctation is left untreated, it could unfortunately lead to heart disease, heart failure and death. ...Read more

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What is the cause of coronary heart disease?

What is the cause of coronary heart disease?

5 risk factors: Build up of fatty plaques in artery wall is associated with smoking, high cholesterol diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure and family history. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for coarctation of the aorta ?

What is the treatment for coarctation of the aorta ?

Surgery/angioplasty: If aortic coarctation is severe enough to cause hypertension and/or heart failure, then treatments may include surgery or balloon angioplasty with or without aortic stenting. The choice of procedure depends on patient age, aortic arch anatomy, and co-existing cardiac and non-cardiac conditions. ...Read more

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What is the significance of a narrowed heart valve?

What is the significance of a narrowed heart valve?

Restricted flow: A heart valve that is narrowed has a restriction on the amount of blood that can flow across it as the heart pumps. This restriction, often referred to as a "stenosis" can vary from very mild and insignificant to life threatening. A valve is usually measured by the area of the valve. As that area decreases the flow likewise decreases. When diagnosed early, many stenotic valves can be fixed. ...Read more

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When is coarctation of the aorta diagnosed?

It depends: Coarctation is usually detected routinely by noting a marked discrepancy in blood pressure between the arms and legs. This frequently is part of a work-up for severe hypertension--i.e. Resistant to medications, or occuring in an unusually young patient--which is a result of the obstruction to blood flow through the aorta (with build-up of pressure in the arms, where BP is routinely measured). ...Read more

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What are the causes of coronary thrombosis and what affects the risk of coronary heart disease?

What are the causes of coronary thrombosis and what affects the risk of coronary heart disease?

Genes and lifestyle: Coronary thrombus is a clot in an artery that feeds the heart. Anything that damages or roughens the lining of the blood vessels could result in clot formation, such as elevated cholesterol and hypertension. Risk factors include family history of heart disease, being male, increasing age, elevated cholesterol or ldl, obesity, smoking, and being sedentary. ...Read more

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What sort of problem is arteriosclerosis of extremities?

What sort of problem is arteriosclerosis of extremities?

Arteriosclerosis: Arteriosclerosis is a hardening of the arteries. This happens from fat, cholesterol or other harmful substances stick to the wall of the artery and form a plaque. Over time, the plaque can grow and end up closing off most of the artery. This causes a decreased blood flow and you can get problems with the extremities from them not getting enough blood. ...Read more

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