Doctor insights on:
What Does Hardening Of The Arteries Signal
Signals many things: It signals an increased risk of heart attack, stroke and poor circulation to the limbs. It signals that it is time to make healthy life style changes. It signals that you should see your doctor and set goals to prevent or control diabetes and keep cholesterol and blood pressure below recommended levels. ...Read more
Arteries are defined as blood vessels which carry blood away from the heart (to either the body or lungs). Arteries: higher pressure, thicker walls, stretch (pulse) with each heart contraction & deliver blood to the arterioles which control the flow to individual capillaries. Veins are blood vessels which carry blood from capillaries back to the heart (body to right heart; ...Read more
Interstitial disease: Hardening is a vague term. Perhaps its referring to interstitial disease? Basically, imagine your lungs are like a soft squishy sponge. When there's a disease process that damages the lung, it becomes hard and stiff (like a dry sponge). ...Read more
Atherosclerosis: The atherosclerotic plaque builds up at the bifurcation="branch point of the common carotid into external( face) and internal(brain) components. It may remain asymptomatic or may cause TIA or stroke. Commonly a significant narrowing is 80-99% there is a large medical scientific literature on this subject. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
How does the build up of plaque in someone with atherosclerosis cause the hardening of the arteries?
Not the same things: Plaque buildup (atherosclerosis) in the arteries can make them less flexible, but the old term "hardening of the arteries" (arteriosclerosis) is usually attributed to a decrease in flexibility of the vessel wall even without any plaque present. It is more related to the collagen/structure of the vessel wall themselves. The utility of this term is waning as medicine advances. ...Read more
Vascular calcificati: Read this: http://atvb.Ahajournals.Org/content/24/7/1161.Abstract.Get a more detailed answer ›
Somewhat unclear: Blockages in the carotid artery of a certain severity may increase one's risk of stroke. For those carotid arteries without a blockage, some physicians measure the intima (the inner-most lining of the artery) and derive a value called the imt, or intimal-medial thickness. It's supposed to help us determine severity of atherosclerosis, but this is somewhat controversial. ...Read more
TGA: Tga refers to a type of congenital heart disease in which the aorta is connected to the right ventricle (instead of the left ventricle) and the pulmonary artery is connected to the left ventricle (instead of the right ventricle). This heart defect usually requires surgical repair within the first several days to weeks of life. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Combination: Aneurysm is an enlarged blood vessel. Frequently there are intraluminal thrombus that fills the lumen to about the normal vessel size. Narrowing of the associated vessels( iliac for example below aorta) may have atherosclerotic plaque and narrowing as a part of the total disease process. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
There are no hyperechoic areas within the anterior and posterior walls of the carotid arteries, What does this mean?
Reading: this is a nonspecific reading and you'll need to ask the doc who read it what the significance is ...Read more
QT: I think you mean qt since there is no qi. This is a measurement (in milliseconds) obtained on ekg of the time it takes for the ventricles to electrically prepare for their next contraction. Sodium, potassium, and calcium ions move through channels during this period. Some drugs and some families have abnormalities of this movement which can lead to characteristic rhythm problems. ...Read more
What does it mean "Normal vascular flow voids are present in the distal carotid and vertebral arteries, the
basilar artery and the proximal anterior, ?
What does abnormal cardiac enzymes in the blood mean? And does it relate to pleural thickening of the lungs?
Not related: Cardiac enzymes is the general term for chemicals that are inside heart muscle cells. If problems in the heart such as heart attack or other strain, they will be detectible in the blood. This would not be related to thickening of pleural lung tissue. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Please explain what it means in laymens terms when someone dies of "fibromuscular dysplasia of the small coronary artery"?
Rare disorder: There is blockage in the heart's arteries which is not due to garden variety "hardening of the arteries" (atherosclerosis) but, instead it's due to scarring - the cause of which is not understood. If enough small arteries are involved, the result can be heart failure and/or rhythm disturbance resulting in death. My condolences for your loss. ...Read more
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