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Doctor insights on: Type 2 Diabetes

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Dr. Quang Nguyen
3,207 doctors shared insights

Diabetes (Definition)

Diabetes is a disease of increased blood glucose levels. Glucose is a type of sugar that comes from the intake of food. Insulin is a type of hormone that removes the glucose from the blood and moves it into the cells to provide them with energy. There are two different types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is when the body does not make any insulin. Therefore, glucose stays inside the blood and does not move into the cells. Type 2 diabetes, which is commonly associated with obesity, is when the body is either resistant to the effects of insulin or when the body does not produce enough insulin. Increased levels of glucose in the body causes severe damage to the ...Read more


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My husband has type 2 diabetes. Yesterday he went on a two mile hike. His night time blood sugar we're high and still elevated this morning. Why?

My husband has type 2 diabetes. Yesterday he went on a two mile hike. His night time blood sugar we're high and still elevated this morning. Why?

Stress: Sometimes when diabetic patients undergo stress (prolonged exercise for example) stress hormones (cortisol and adrenalin) can increase glucose. However it is still important for him to follow up with his doctor because it does not appear that the exercise he did was particularly stressful. In general patients with type 2 diabetes experience hypoglycemia (low sugar) in response to exercise. ...Read more

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For type 2 diabetes, if someone has to choose between whole grain sorghum flour and whole grain wheat flour, which one of the two would b better?

For type 2 diabetes, if someone has to choose between whole grain sorghum flour and whole grain wheat flour, which one of the two would b better?

Sorghum: It digests slower, slowing the rise of serum glucose, therefore allowing for better control of diabetes. While this benefit is small, sorghum also has the bonus of being gluten-free, and it grows well in drought conditions. ...Read more

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Is diabetes genetic? I think i may be diabetic, my mom just got diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and I have two symptoms of it. Should i get tested?

Is diabetes genetic? I think i may be diabetic, my mom just got diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and I have two symptoms of it. Should i get tested?

Type II diabetes: There is a strong heritable component of diabetes, especially type ii. I don't know what symptoms you are currently experiencing, but the classic ones are polyuria, polydipsia, nocturia, and polyphagia. If you have symptoms, you should be screened with a hemoglobin a1c blood test or fasting plasma glucose test; especially if you are obese, or have additional risk factors besides family history. ...Read more

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Just diagnosed with type 2 diabetes two days ago. at er blood sugar was 325. they started insulin and discharged. sugar now 470 but been taking meds?

Just diagnosed with type 2 diabetes two days ago. at er blood sugar was 325. they started insulin and discharged. sugar now 470 but been taking meds?

Too high: Yu certainly have DM that is not controlled at this time. Over 400 is too high and if persists, you will need to go to the emergency room. Call your Dr. ASAP and get in for an evaluation and adjustment of medication, dietary counseling, and advice on Therapeutic lifestyle changes. Basically, you need to establish care with a Doctor who will provide you with continuity of care and DM management. ...Read more

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I really need to be educated on type 2 diabetes. My blood sugar is either too low or high. When should I take.my metformin. 166 two hr after eating.

I really need to be educated on type 2 diabetes. My blood sugar is either too low or high. When should I take.my metformin.  166 two hr after eating.

Lose the weight: The first part of treating diabetes is to lose weight. i know how difficult that can be but I'm just saying. Your medicine, metformin, is taken two times a day with food. The most important test which is done by the doctor is called hemoglobin A 1 C and its value should be from 6.7-7.5% It can be lower with great control but its the most important. ...Read more

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What is type 2 diabetes?

What is type 2 diabetes?

Insulin resistance: This is the type of diabetes where your body is resistant to the hormone Insulin and therefore your body can't process carbohydrates properly. ...Read more

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What causes type 2 diabetes?

What causes type 2 diabetes?

No: In the child diabetic, the general problem is that the pancreas quits producing Insulin so your body can not utilize the available sugar. In the adult diabetic, your cells become resistant to the available insulin. The result is too much sugar in the blood. If you are a diabetic and you eat a lot of sugar, then this can make your diabetes worse, but it is not the cause of diabetes. ...Read more