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Doctor insights on: Parenteral

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Parenteral (Overview)

Something that is administered intravenously or intramuscularly. Regardless, the agent doesn’t require absorption by the GI tract - it enters the bloodstream directly.


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Is intranasal administration considered parenteral?

Is intranasal administration considered parenteral?

I vote YES: If following the definition of parenteral as administration of a drug in a way that is not oral nor into the stomach or intestine, then by the process of exclusion, every other way of administration must be parenteral. So, a drug that is sprayed into the nose to be absorbed through the nose is parenteral, but snorting a pill through the nose and swallowing it at the throat would not be parenteral. ...Read more

Parenteral (Overview)

Something that is administered intravenously or intramuscularly. Regardless, the agent doesn’t require absorption by the GI tract - it enters the bloodstream directly.


Dr. Alvin Lin Dr. Lin
1 doctor agreed:
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How is total parenteral nutrition usually given?

Dr. Alvin Lin Dr. Lin
1 doctor agreed:
How is total parenteral nutrition usually given?

Through a vein: Enteral typically means thru your gut or intestine whereas parenteral means any way besides your gut/intestine. Therefore, parenteral nutrition is food typically given through veins. Due to nature of this kind of food, you can't put it thru a small vein like on back of your hand. It has to go thru a major vein, say in your neck, under your collar bone, etc. But since it'll be a while, we use picc. ...Read more

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When is total parenteral nutrition necessary?

When is total parenteral nutrition necessary?

Necessary...: Total parenteral nutrition, tpn, is needed when the gut is not functional for any reason. There are many scenarios when it becomes necessary including post-op from a surgery on the intestines, massive trauma, infections causing massive vommiting, hyperemesis of pregnancy, etc. ...Read more

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What is total parenteral nutrition solution?

What is total parenteral nutrition solution?

Everything: its is protein, carbohydrates and fat. It has electrolytes and trace minerals and vitamins. Everything you need to survive is in it. The protein is usually in the form of amino acids, the carbohydrates is a dextrose solution. People on TPN need to be monitored for their electrolytes. It provides the amount of calories a person needs for repair, growth, directlyinto the bloodstream ...Read more

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What nutrients does total parenteral nutrition provide usually?

What nutrients does total parenteral nutrition provide usually?

See below: Sodium, pottassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, chloride. Besides this there are Amino Acids and lipids, dextrose, vitamins and trace elements. ...Read more

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Is insufflation method considered a parenteral route of administration?

No: Intranasal is not parenteral . Parenteral implies intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous routes of administration. ...Read more

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Does total parenteral nutrition leave the recipient malnourished?

Does total parenteral nutrition leave the recipient malnourished?

No: The purpose of TPN is to feed an individual who can not eat by mouth. It has all the nutrients and calories you need to survive. ...Read more

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Dr. Alvin Lin Dr. Lin
3 doctors agreed:
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How would prevent infection giving total parenteral nutrition?

Dr. Alvin Lin Dr. Lin
3 doctors agreed:
How would   prevent infection giving total parenteral nutrition?

Wash your hands!: Best way to prevent spread of infection is to wash our hands. And wherever some foreign body is supposed to enter our body, wash that area, too. Make sure that foreign body is sterile (unopened package). Ask your nurse to teach you sterile technique. Check w/nutritionist & pharmacist, too. Know how to store tpn. ...Read more

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What are the side effects of total parenteral nutrition tpn?

What are the side effects of total parenteral nutrition tpn?

Short and long term: There are both short and long term complications of tpn. Short term complications include infections, and imbalance of electrolytes, fluid status and blood glucose levels. Long term TPN can result in loss of IV access and also liver injury and cirrhosis. If you remain on TPN for more than 2-3 months, you should be evaluated at an intestine failure center which may consider intestine transplant. ...Read more

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Is intranasal administration the same thing as parenteral?

No: Intranasal is not parenteral . Parenteral implies intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous routes of administration. ...Read more

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Is there alternative to total parenteral nutrition?

Probably not: Total parental nutrition (TPN) is typically used when a patient has not other means of getting nutrition except through an iv. (for example their GI system is not working and can not absorb nutrients). Check with your doctor to see if there are any viable alternatives to this method of "feeding". But i suspect that if they have recommended this, they have no other good alternatives. ...Read more

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Dr. Alvin Lin Dr. Lin
1 doctor agreed:
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What could affect total parenteral nutrition?

Dr. Alvin Lin Dr. Lin
1 doctor agreed:
What could affect total parenteral nutrition?

Lots of issues: What's your underlying disease state/condition that requires that you get your nutrition from alternate means. How many calories do you need? How much protein, fat, carbs, etc? Any other nutritional deficiencies? Do you need to lose, maintain or gain weight? Fluid status? Lots of issues to consider. Make sure a nutritionist is involved. ...Read more

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How is systemic lidocaine infusion administered?

How is systemic lidocaine infusion administered?

With : Intravenous line, also called angiocath or heplock. Pretty much the standard. ...Read more

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What route if often used if a patient is vomiting -- parenteral administration?

Clarify?: Unsure of question. If your asking what drugs can be given parenterally (iv or subcutaneous) for nausea and vomiting, it would include zofran, compazine, reglan, (metoclopramide) phenegan and others. ...Read more

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Is fasting required for intravenous administration of streptozotocin? Any answer appreciated.

Is fasting required for intravenous administration of streptozotocin? Any answer appreciated.

No, because it's IV: If a medication is IV, generally you do not have to fast - since 'absorption' from the stomach is completely bypassed. Definitely though Streptozotocin or streptozocin can give you nausea, so I would recommend to take your anti nausea medications BEFORE you take the infusion. Hopefully you can get through this treatment OK. Definitely talk to your doctor though if you have questions. Hang in there ...Read more

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Why's thiamine administered with dextrose / saline IV infusion for diabetics?

Why's thiamine administered with dextrose / saline IV infusion for diabetics?

Neuron protection: Thiamine of vitamin b1 is an essential co factor in glucose metabolism so that if a person does not have adequate amount and a glucose load is given it can cause neuro toxicity manifested as delirium and occular abnormalities as seen in alcoholics being refed in the hospital. This is called wernick, korsakov syndrome. Diabetics with borderline nutrtional reserve could develop the same problem. ...Read more

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What ingredients come in total parenteral nutrition?

What ingredients come in total parenteral nutrition?

All nutrition..: Total parenteral nutrition consists of all the nutritional requirements needed for bodily function. It includes carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals, electrolytes, etc in the right proportions for the individual patient. ...Read more

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Can intravenous infusion zoledronic acid replace oral bisphosphonates ?

Can intravenous infusion zoledronic acid replace oral bisphosphonates ?

Yes: Depending on the indication, zoledronic acid can be given as a single intravenous infusion once a year to replace your intake of oral bisphosphonates for osteoporosis. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: parenteral?

Parenteral.: Something that is administered intravenously or intramuscularly. Regardless, the agent doesn’t require absorption by the GI tract - it enters the bloodstream directly. ...Read more

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Parenteral nutrition, can you tell me what to do?

Parenteral nutrition, can you tell me what to do?

Yes: make sure your electrolytes are monitored weekly, follow sterile procedures when using the parenteral nutrition, have training in use of a pump and the nutrition if you havent already done so. Find out what medicines can be given with the Nutrition and what cant, all this information should be available to you - ask questions- good health ...Read more

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Is intranasal administration considered parenteral?

I vote YES: If following the definition of parenteral as administration of a drug in a way that is not oral nor into the stomach or intestine, then by the process of exclusion, every other way of administration must be parenteral. So, a drug that is sprayed into the nose to be absorbed through the nose is parenteral, but snorting a pill through the nose and swallowing it at the throat would not be parenteral. ...Read more

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Is intranasal administration the same thing as parenteral?

No: Intranasal is not parenteral . Parenteral implies intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous routes of administration. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: parenteral nutrition?

Intravenous: Parenteral nutrition is liquid nutrition that is given through an intravenous route. Protein, sugar and fat may be given in that fashion. A person can receive their entire daily required calorie intake through this method. ...Read more

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Is insufflation method considered a parenteral route of administration?

No: Intranasal is not parenteral . Parenteral implies intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous routes of administration. ...Read more

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Will total parenteral nutrition heal me?

Will total parenteral nutrition heal me?

Difficult to answer: What is the ailment? Tpn is usually a temporary treatment to tide a person over till s/he can recover from a GI illness. ...Read more

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How do you use total parenteral nutrition?

How do you use total parenteral nutrition?

In the veins: Total parenteral nutrition is provided in the veins as protein, sugar and fats to support life when the intestinal tract is not able to absorb its nutrition. ...Read more

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What is total parenteral nutrition solution?

Everything: its is protein, carbohydrates and fat. It has electrolytes and trace minerals and vitamins. Everything you need to survive is in it. The protein is usually in the form of amino acids, the carbohydrates is a dextrose solution. People on TPN need to be monitored for their electrolytes. It provides the amount of calories a person needs for repair, growth, directlyinto the bloodstream ...Read more

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When is total parenteral nutrition necessary?

Necessary...: Total parenteral nutrition, tpn, is needed when the gut is not functional for any reason. There are many scenarios when it becomes necessary including post-op from a surgery on the intestines, massive trauma, infections causing massive vommiting, hyperemesis of pregnancy, etc. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
Dr. Alvin Lin Dr. Lin
1 doctor agreed:
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What could affect total parenteral nutrition?

Dr. Alvin Lin Dr. Lin
1 doctor agreed:

Lots of issues: What's your underlying disease state/condition that requires that you get your nutrition from alternate means. How many calories do you need? How much protein, fat, carbs, etc? Any other nutritional deficiencies? Do you need to lose, maintain or gain weight? Fluid status? Lots of issues to consider. Make sure a nutritionist is involved. ...Read more

Dr. Alvin Lin Dr. Lin
1 doctor agreed:
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How is total parenteral nutrition usually given?

Dr. Alvin Lin Dr. Lin
1 doctor agreed:

Through a vein: Enteral typically means thru your gut or intestine whereas parenteral means any way besides your gut/intestine. Therefore, parenteral nutrition is food typically given through veins. Due to nature of this kind of food, you can't put it thru a small vein like on back of your hand. It has to go thru a major vein, say in your neck, under your collar bone, etc. But since it'll be a while, we use picc. ...Read more

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Is there alternative to total parenteral nutrition?

Probably not: Total parental nutrition (TPN) is typically used when a patient has not other means of getting nutrition except through an iv. (for example their GI system is not working and can not absorb nutrients). Check with your doctor to see if there are any viable alternatives to this method of "feeding". But i suspect that if they have recommended this, they have no other good alternatives. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
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What ingredients come in total parenteral nutrition?

All nutrition..: Total parenteral nutrition consists of all the nutritional requirements needed for bodily function. It includes carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals, electrolytes, etc in the right proportions for the individual patient. ...Read more

See 3 more doctor answers
Dr. Alvin Lin Dr. Lin
3 doctors agreed:
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Who needs to have total parenteral nutrition (tpn)?

Dr. Alvin Lin Dr. Lin
3 doctors agreed:

Bowel rest: If swallowing is an issue, we can give food via peg tube thru skin directly into stomach. But some patients need bowel rest so we give total parenteral nutrition (TPN) through veins so nothing is in stomach/intestine. These are major veins, not tiny ones on back of hand, usually via picc (peripherally inserted central catheter) line since it's expected that you'll need TPN for a long time. ...Read more

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Why would any child need total parenteral nutrition?

Intestinal problem: Tpn is nutrition given via an iv. It is quite tricky, and only used in cases where the intestinal tract is very, very impaired. ...Read more

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Are there alternatives to total parenteral nutrition or tpn?

Are  there alternatives to total parenteral nutrition or tpn?

Intestine failure: Tpn is the primary therapy for intestinal failure - a condition that exists when your intestine cannot provide enough nutrition and fluid to support life. You may be malnourished or dehydrated and require TPN for a short time. However, in certain situations, TPN can be required long term and may be permanent. In those instances, you may consider intestine transplantation. ...Read more

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Can parenteral amiboacid be given post dialysis to a CKD patient?

Can parenteral amiboacid be given post dialysis to a CKD patient?

Yes: Yes, Amino Acids can be given on dialysis. Unfortunately medicare will not cover it. Usually it is reserved for patient's with a low albumin. There is not good data about improving outcomes other than Albumin levels. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: total parenteral nutrition?

What is the definition or description of: total parenteral nutrition?

IV nutrition : Total parenteral nutrition is the term used to describe a nutritional formula that is administered through the veins. When the digestive system cannot be used due to inflammation, blockage, or absorption problems, individuals will receive all nutrition via an intravenous catheter. This is usually not the preferred method of delivering nutrition long term and is usually a temporary method. ...Read more

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What are side effects of total parenteral nutrition?

What are side effects of total parenteral nutrition?

Well, : Glucose abnormalities, liver dysfunction and catheter related infection. Hyperglycemia (high blood glucose levels) or hypoglycemia (low blood glucose levels), as well as some liver dysfunction, is seen in over 90 percent of people receiving tpn. Other side effects include: electrolyte abnormalities, volume overload, bone demineralization, reactions to the lipids and some gallbladder issues. ...Read more

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