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Doctor insights on: Myoclonus

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Myoclonus (Overview)

Brief shock like muscle jerk either focal in a limb or more widespread in the body, usually due to some central nervous system pathology. However, can also be a normal phenomenon on falling asleep.


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What is myoclonus?

What is myoclonus?

Sudden muscle jerk: Myoclonus is a sudden limb or trunk jerk which is involuntary. It can be associated with sleep issues, both benign and disruptive, but also can be a consequence of epilepsy, hypoxia, and following brain infections, such as hiv. Management depends on causation. ...Read more

Myoclonus (Overview)

Brief shock like muscle jerk either focal in a limb or more widespread in the body, usually due to some central nervous system pathology. However, can also be a normal phenomenon on falling asleep.


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Does anyone know the symptoms of myoclonus?

Does anyone know the symptoms of myoclonus?

Jerking: Myoclonus refers to unpredictable and uncontrollable jerking of muscles. Any muscle or muscle group can be involved. ...Read more

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My baby was diagnosed with benign myoclonus of infancy and needs to get blood tests. What kind of blood tests will she need to get?

My baby was diagnosed with benign myoclonus of infancy and needs to get blood tests. What kind of blood tests will she need to get?

Blood tests: Benign myoclonus is a diagnosis that they must make after excluding other causes. They will test your baby for several things to be sure that their diagnosis is correct including metabolic disorders. ...Read more

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How do you know if you have got myoclonus?

Jerking: Myoclonus refers to unpredictable and uncontrollable jerking of muscles. Any muscle or muscle group can be involved. ...Read more

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What causes myoclonus and how can I address the symptoms?

Numerous causes: Brief list: normal jerks on falling asleep, but problem if it awakens (plms). Associated with epilepsy (juvenile myoclonic), spinal cord inflammation (aid's), following hypoxia (lance-adams), organ failure (kidney, liver), metabolic and medication reactions.
Meds that seem to work best here include depakote, keppra, (levetiracetam) and maybe lamictal. Other drugs used in epilepsy, may make worse. ...Read more

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Myoclonus effects muscles? Could this mean the muscles are weak? And need to be worked out/overworked? I am trying to understand relation to muscle.

Myoclonus effects muscles? Could this mean the muscles are weak? And need to be worked out/overworked? I am trying to understand relation to muscle.

Not muscle: Myoclonus is a neurological sign that is due to elevated reflexes. Elevated reflexes, particularly if just on one side, can represent a spinal cord or brain issue. It is a nerve issue, not a muscle disease. So you can't fix it by doing something to your muscles. ...Read more

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How can you treat myoclonus?

How can you treat myoclonus?

Medications: Most often daytime myoclonus can respond to Depakote or keppra, (levetiracetam) but nocturnal myoclonus is different, and we use drugs such as Requip or mirapex. ...Read more

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Repetitive myoclonus getting disruptive. Happens more when sitting and lying down. Unsure of cause? Neuro pathology is migraines, treated w topamax (topiramate)

Repetitive myoclonus getting disruptive. Happens more when sitting and lying down. Unsure of cause? Neuro pathology is migraines, treated w topamax (topiramate)

Myoclonus: Myoclonus has myriad causes including hereditary, infection, nervous system injury, drug reaction or tumor etc.
In your history it does not show that you had MRI of brain or spinal. Please see your neurologist and find out the real cause. Thanks. ...Read more

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What are negative myoclonus and positive myoclonus? And treatments?

Myoclonus only: The disease state is only the presence of myoclonus and not its absence. Myoclonus which is a sign elicited by the clinician on examining the patients limb is a mark of a central nervous system disease like spinal cord disease. ...Read more

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How do I get rid of hyper pigmintattion?

How do I get rid of hyper pigmintattion?

Hydroquinone: Hyperpigmentation if often caused be inflammation du to injury or infection and the action of the sun. Hydroquinone, and sunscreens can revers the process and improve the hyperpigmentation. ...Read more

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Is opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia a genetic problem, if coming from breast cancer. My gran got it after breast cancer. I have autoimmune problems and was wondering, if it is a one off thing or genetic.

Is opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia a genetic problem, if coming from breast cancer. My gran got it after breast cancer. I have autoimmune problems and was wondering, if it is a one off thing or genetic.

Clarification: Most often associated with childhood hemangioblastoma, but can be seen with other conditions on a far less frequent basis. Likely not a clearcut autoimmune condition but more likely secondary to a paraneoplastic effect of a tumor, essentially a toxic response at a distance. Hard to say if truly genetic susceptibility and unlikely that you might be at risk. ...Read more

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Is there a method of preventive care for myoclonus?

Is there a method of preventive care for myoclonus?

Yes: Several medicines seem to prevent myoclonus in both epilepsy and other conditions. The best accepted include Depakote and keppra (levetiracetam). Some medicines make it worse. Nocturnal myoclonus might respond to Requip or mirapex. ...Read more

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What is myoclonus?

Sudden muscle jerk: Myoclonus is a sudden limb or trunk jerk which is involuntary. It can be associated with sleep issues, both benign and disruptive, but also can be a consequence of epilepsy, hypoxia, and following brain infections, such as hiv. Management depends on causation. ...Read more

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Causes of myoclonus?

Causes of myoclonus?

It is a condition: Myoclunus just means jumping or jerking limbs. Usually it is the legs but can be any muscle. At night it may wake you up causing daytime fatigue. It can occur by itself or be part of a number of conditions where nerves in the head are not communicating with the nerves in the spine such as ms, head injury or pinched spinal nerves. Have a neurologist evaluate. ...Read more

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How can you treat myoclonus?

Medications: Most often daytime myoclonus can respond to Depakote or keppra, (levetiracetam) but nocturnal myoclonus is different, and we use drugs such as Requip or mirapex. ...Read more

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What do you take if myoclonus?

Anticonvulsant meds: Usually this is treated with klonopin, but Neurontin (gabapentin) and other anticonvulsant meds may help. Make sure to distinguish between myoclonus and restless legs (rls) which may have other treatments. ...Read more

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Can myoclonus develop into a disease?

Can myoclonus develop into a disease?

It is a condition: Myoclunus just means jumping or jerking limbs. Usually it is the legs but can be any muscle. As night it may wake you up causing daytime fatigue. It can occur by itself or be part of a number of conditions where nerves in the head are not communicating with the nerves in the spine such as ms, head injury or pinched spinal nerves. Have a neurologist evaluate. ...Read more

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How do you know if you have got myoclonus?

Jerking: Myoclonus refers to unpredictable and uncontrollable jerking of muscles. Any muscle or muscle group can be involved. ...Read more

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Does anyone know the symptoms of myoclonus?

Jerking: Myoclonus refers to unpredictable and uncontrollable jerking of muscles. Any muscle or muscle group can be involved. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: myoclonus?

What is the definition or description of: myoclonus?

Sudden jump: Brief shock like muscle jerk either focal in a limb or more widespread in the body, usually due to some central nervous system pathology. However, can also be a normal phenomenon on falling asleep. ...Read more

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What causes myoclonus and how can I address the symptoms?

Numerous causes: Brief list: normal jerks on falling asleep, but problem if it awakens (plms). Associated with epilepsy (juvenile myoclonic), spinal cord inflammation (aid's), following hypoxia (lance-adams), organ failure (kidney, liver), metabolic and medication reactions.
Meds that seem to work best here include depakote, keppra, (levetiracetam) and maybe lamictal. Other drugs used in epilepsy, may make worse. ...Read more

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What is opsoclonus/myoclonus?

What is opsoclonus/myoclonus?

Rare: Opsoclonus myoclonus is a rare neurological disorder characterized by unsteady gait, intention tremor myoclonus (brief, shock-like muscle spasms), and opsoclonus (irregular, rapid, horizontal and vertical eye movements). Other symptoms may include dysphasia (difficulty speaking), dysarthria (poorly articulated speech), lethargy, irritability, malaise. It occurs in viral illnesses and tumors. ...Read more

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Could myoclonus be related to fibromyalgia?

Could myoclonus be related to fibromyalgia?

Yes: Fibromyalgia can develop with various pain problems. The myoclonus would be a source of pain and sleep distubance which can result in symptoms of fibromyalgia. ...Read more

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Is there a method of preventive care for myoclonus?

Yes: Several medicines seem to prevent myoclonus in both epilepsy and other conditions. The best accepted include Depakote and keppra (levetiracetam). Some medicines make it worse. Nocturnal myoclonus might respond to Requip or mirapex. ...Read more

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Is myoclonus will be non epileptic and how it can be controlled?

Is myoclonus will be non epileptic and how it can be controlled?

Can be: Several causes for myoclonus and is not always part of an epileptic syndrome, as may be due to spinal cord issue. Have had good success using Depakote or Keppra (levetiracetam) for myoclonus of all types ...Read more

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How many cases of of spinal myoclonus develop after whip blash injury due to car accidents? What are the first symptoms of spinal myoclonus?

How many cases of of spinal myoclonus develop after whip blash injury due to car accidents? What are the first symptoms of spinal myoclonus?

Muscle jerks: Spinal myoclonus, those sudden little jerks that are simillar to the ones when you catch yourself falling asleep, is typically the result of spinal stenosis or a spinal cord lesion. It can occasionally be "idiopathic" meaning without a clear reason. If you are having these symptoms persistent after a whiplash type injury to your neck you definitely warrant further study. See your doctor. ...Read more

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In lead poisoning, how long until myoclonus?

In lead poisoning, how long until myoclonus?

Usually late: Myoclonus is a muscle disorder that usually develops quite late in lead poisoning. There is a significant exposure by the time these symptoms present. ...Read more

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What is the condition called nocturnal myoclonus?

Benign usually: This is now termed paroxysmal limb movements of sleep, and is a benign event similar to restless leg syndrome. Like rls, it may respond well to bedtime Dopamine agonists such as ropinarole or pramipexole. ...Read more

Dr. Gary Sandler
84 Doctors shared insights

Myoclonic Jerks (Definition)

Myoclonic jerks = quick, involuntary twitching of muscle (s) with a number of possible causes. For instance jerking occurring as one is ...Read more