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Doctor insights on: Mlh1 Gene Sequencing

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Is factor 7 gene mutation (heterozygote) thrombophila?

Is factor 7 gene mutation (heterozygote) thrombophila?

No: Factor 7 mutation is very rare and causes increased risk of bleeding (not being able to clot). Factor 5 deficiency is the most common form of thrombophilia (increased risk of abnormal clotting). ...Read more

Genetic (Definition)

From a medical standpoint, "genetic" refers to the potential heritability of various medical conditions. While some conditions are inevitable (at some point in one's life) as a consequence of simple genetic heritability (eg huntington's disease), a large number of medical conditions (including all behaviorial health disorders) are the expressed final pathway of a ...Read more


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What is the difference in gene sequencing tests vs gene deletion/duplication tests? Should one type of genetic test be done before the other?

What is the difference in gene sequencing tests vs gene deletion/duplication tests?  Should one type of genetic test be done before the other?

Depends: Sequencing is like reading war and peace letter by letter, and deletion/duplication testing is like seeing if a chapter is completely missing or present as an extra copy. Which first? Depends on the condition. For duchenne muscular dystrophy, look for deletions first. For brca, sequence first. Your clinical geneticist can discuss the strategy with you. ...Read more

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Is hemophilia a gene mutation?

Yes: Both hemophilia a and b are due to mutations in genes on the x chromosome. ...Read more

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What chromosomal mutation results in alagille syndrome?

What chromosomal mutation results in alagille syndrome?

ALGS: Alagille syndrome (algs) is a complex multisystem disorder involving primarily the liver, heart, eyes, face, and skeleton. The two genes in which mutations are known to cause algs are jag1 and notch2. Mutations in jag1 are known to cause about 94%-96% of cases of algs. Mutations in notch2 are known to cause algs in 1%-2% of individuals. ...Read more

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Etiology of DNA mutations?

Etiology of DNA mutations?

Replication error: Most changes in dna come from errors in the duplication of the dna. But changes can occur in the structure from radiation and some chemicals especially those used in chemotherapy. Most mutations are harmless, some are tracked down by your normal reparative mechanism but a few can cause trouble including cancer. ...Read more

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Gene expression profiling predicts clinical outcome of breast cancer?

Gene expression profiling predicts clinical outcome of breast cancer?

We're Getting There: In the past, we used anatomic staging alone (tumor size, lymph node involvement) to guide rx. Gene profiling allows us a completely separate measure of prognosis, and, more importantly, can predict who may or may not benefit from different chemotherapy agents. In the future, we will hopefully be able to tailor our rx to the specific cancer being treated: the elusive personalized medicine. ...Read more

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Does alpha thalassemia trait have gene therapy available?

Does alpha thalassemia trait have gene therapy available?

No: Alpha thalassemia trait only causes mild anemia, and the person usually has no symptoms. Gene therapy is not available and would not be needed. ...Read more

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Cause of a positive monoclonal T cell beta gene rearrangement?

Cause of a positive monoclonal T cell beta gene rearrangement?

Tumor: Monoclonal proliferation of lymphoid cells is usually an indication of tumor of the lymphoid tissue. ...Read more

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Can you tell me why PCR and DNA sequencing provided no results for brent's pathogen.?

Can you tell me why PCR and DNA sequencing provided no results for brent's pathogen.?

Homework: This is the last line from a long homework problem that's already all over other answer boards. It's not appropriate to bring it here, and without the rest of the problem, we can't answer it anyway. ...Read more

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What chromosome is mutated in sickle cell disease?

What chromosome is mutated in sickle cell disease?

11: The beta globin gene is mutated in sickle cell anemia; it is located on chromosome 11. ...Read more

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
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What chromosome carries the gene for sickle cell anemia?

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
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Chromosome No. 11: Point mutation at beta-globin gene located at chromosome no. 11 results in production of defective hemoglobin, sickle hemoglobin. ...Read more

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What are germline gene alterations?

What are germline gene alterations?

Inheritable: "germline" refers to genes that are present in every cell of the body from conception or shortly afterwards, including sperm/ ova, and thus can be passed down to offspring. This term is used to distinguish these types of inherited genetic mutations from those that are not inherited - not present in the dna of sperm or ova. ...Read more

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Sickle trait is a recessive gene?

basically yes: The mutation that causes sickle cell disease is a recessive mutation in that you need two copies of the changed gene to have the disease (or one copy plus another mutation on the other gene like beta thalassemia, hemoglobin c, hemoglobin e, etc). If you only have one copy, you have sickle cell trait. ...Read more

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How do a gene mutation and a chromosomal mutation differ?

Mutations: A chromosome will contain many genes, so a chromosome mutation will effect many genes. A gene mutation will have an effect only on that gene. ...Read more

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What is hemagglutinin (ha) gene and neuraminidase (na) gene?

What is hemagglutinin (ha) gene and neuraminidase (na) gene?

Flu virus genes: The hemaglutinin and neuraminidase genes are in influenza viruses. They code for proteins that are found on the surface of the flu virus. The viruses are named according to which type of hemaglutinin and neuraminidase proteins are on their surfaces (for example: h1n1 or h7n9). ...Read more

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Is the beta-thalassemia gene recessive or dominant?

Is the beta-thalassemia gene recessive or dominant?

Neither: People normally have 2 beta globulin genes. A mutation in one or both genes leads to 3 levels of beta thalassemia. The genetics of the disorder is not all-or-none nor dominant-recessive. Instead, more or worse mutations causes worse disease. One mutation = beta thal trait (mild symptoms), 2 mutations = beta thal intermedia (transfusions sometimes) or beta thal major (lifelong transfusions needed). ...Read more

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Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
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Is williams syndrome a gene or chromosomal mutation ?

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
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Microdeletion: Williams syndrome is caused by small loss (deletion) of genetic material from long arm of chromosome number 7. ...Read more

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Is a neural tube defect a chromosomal mutation or a gene mutation?

Both or neither.: While neural tube disorders can be a genetic mutation (gene is a functional unit of heredity occupying a specific spot--locus--on a chromosome), they occur most commonly in the setting of Folic Acid deficiency during pregnancy--hence prenatal vitamins with folic acid. Ntds occur in 1/1000 births, and range from spina bifida occulta to anencephaly. ...Read more

Gene (Definition)

A hereditary unit consisting of a sequence of dna that occupies a specific location on a chromosome and determines a particular characteristic in an organism. Genes undergo mutation when their ...Read more


Dna (Definition)

Dna are the coding molecules found in all living things on earth which contain the instructions on how to build living things. Its is comprised the nucleotide molecules which are ...Read more