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Doctor insights on: Immunology

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Dr. Thomas Namey
170 Doctors shared insights

Immunology (Overview)

Immunology is a field of study in which a person studies the components of the immune system (such as lymph nodes, white blood cells, and antibodies), their functions, and their diseases. Because allergies are a reaction by a person's immune system, immunology usually includes the study of allergies. A doctor who specializes in problems of the immune system is called an immunologist.


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Being sent to a certified allergist for a complete allergy and immunology workup. I know what allergy test is but what does immunology work up entail?

Being sent to a certified allergist for a complete allergy and immunology workup. I know what allergy test is but what does immunology work up entail?

Normal immune status: An immune evaluation is undertaken when your allergist is concerned about how well your immune system works.
First, we look at antibody levels, IgG and the 4 subclasses, IgA (the most common Ig deficiency), IgM and IgE (the allergic antibody).
We also evaluate specific immune responses to different types of vaccines or illness. Usually tetanus and pneumococcal vaccine. (No room for full answer) ...Read more

Dr. Thomas Namey
170 Doctors shared insights

Immunology (Overview)

Immunology is a field of study in which a person studies the components of the immune system (such as lymph nodes, white blood cells, and antibodies), their functions, and their diseases. Because allergies are a reaction by a person's immune system, immunology usually includes the study of allergies. A doctor who specializes in problems of the immune system is called an immunologist.


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What is immunology?

What is immunology?

Field of study: Immunology is the field of study of the immune system. This field is generally studied by allergists for the allergic aspects (IgE antibody) and people with immune system problems who have recurrent or severe infections (IgA, IgG, IgM). Rheumatologists study the immune system in regard to autoimmune (against self) diseases. The immune system protects us from infections but sometimes goes awry! ...Read more

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What are the branches of immunology?

What are the branches of immunology?

Innate and Adaptive: Innate immune cells such as neutrophils are our first-line defense and this type of immune system is found in most animals.
Adaptive immune cells, such as T and B cells are able to become "memory" cells that allow us to build up immunity to viruses and bacteria that challenge us and try to attack us again. Vaccines help to boost our adaptive immunity so that we have a leg up on infections. ...Read more

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What is tumor immunology?

See below: Tumors are made of cells that have gone bad and started to grow and replicate regardless of the cells around them. Each tumor as it gets more and more abhorrent expresses a variety of proteins. These proteins can be detected with antibodies and quantitated. It is complex. ...Read more

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Can you tell me about immunology - hypersensitivity reactions?

Can you tell me about immunology - hypersensitivity reactions?

AKA Allergies: Immunologic hypersenstivity reactions are any reaction that occurs due to an overreaction or inappropriate reaction by your immune system. The most common example is allergies. Other examples include contact dermatitis, chronic hives, large local reactions to insect bites. There are some types of hypersensitivty that do not involve allergy type reactions, but they are rare. ...Read more

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Can you tell me about immunology and blood help needed for exam?

Question Unclear: Please clarify what you mean by immunology. Were there specific tests you are concerned about. ...Read more

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My immunology tests came back. Nuclear ab- a equivocal titre: 80 pattern: speckled. What does this mean?

My immunology tests came back. Nuclear ab- a equivocal titre: 80 pattern: speckled. What does this mean?

Nothing by itself: A majority of people with positive antinuclear antibodies at or around this titer have no associated health issues. This is drawn only to shed light on other problems you may have. It's a screen for lupus / autoimmune hepatitis and a guide to the further workup, if any. ...Read more

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I want to write an assignment for 50 pages. I am confused in choosing a topic. I want to choose a topic which is very distinct in immunology?

Individual tumor med: Tumor immunology is a very hot topic right now. Researchers are working on developing approaches to treating cancers that involve taking a sample of a person's actual tumor and developing a vaccine just for that one patient to help them cure their own tumor. This would be expensive, but so are all the lengthy, destructive (toxic, scarring, debilitating) and painful events of fighting cancer. ...Read more

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What is the difference between immunology vs rheumatology?

What is the difference between immunology vs rheumatology?

Little!: You have essentially two specialities that cover the fields. I trained in a division of clinical immunology and rheuamtology. Most of the non-structural diseases I treat involve the immune system. Allergist/immunologists will overlap, but the major focus is allergy and asthma than rheumatic issues. ...Read more

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What is the significance of spleen in relation to immunology?

Spleen: In the absemce of the spleen, most infection is handled normally but a risk of severe infection with pneumococcus exists depending on the reason for spleen removal and the time after it. ...Read more

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What happens if your spleen is removed in terms of immunology?

What happens if your spleen is removed in terms of immunology?

Vaccines: It depends on your age. At minimum you will likely need yearly vaccines against meningitis and pneumonia. Otherwise your immune system should handle other diseases. ...Read more

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What is the difference between the specialties immunology and rheumatology?

What is the difference between the specialties immunology and rheumatology?

Several!: First, as a rheumatologist, I trained in two medical schools in programs called "clinical immunology and rheumatology." rheumatologists deal with autoimmune diseases. But they usually do not deal with allergies, either food or inhaled. They do not skin test. That being said, most allergist are also well trained in immunology, and their is some overlap in treating patients with immune diseases. ...Read more

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Aside from vaccination what are the other uses of immunology?

Aside from vaccination what are the other uses of immunology?

Too many to list: Progress in immunology has contributed to improvements in health through: improved diagnostics, therapeutic antibodies, immune treatment of tumors, auto-immune disease diagnosis and treatment, organ transplantation, elucidation of susceptibility to infections and tumors, prevention of hemolytic disease of fetus and newborn, blood transfusions, and a whole lot more. ...Read more

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Do allergy shots (immunology) give relief for allergy symptoms?

Do allergy shots (immunology) give relief for allergy symptoms?

Yes: Allergy shots help to relieve nasal allergy symptoms and their effects on sinus disease and asthma as well. ...Read more

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How do I find articles here from journal of allergy and clinical immunology?

How do I find articles here from journal of allergy and clinical immunology?

Google or: Pubmed...But they may have restricted viewing since drs pay to get that journal (just like many online newspapers now charge. Ie, wall st journal, ny times etc). ...Read more

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For allergies is there anything better than journal of allergy & clinical immunology?

For allergies is there anything better than journal of allergy & clinical immunology?

Yes: There are mutiple resources for allergic diseases including jaci, annal of allergy, allergy, pedicatric allergy, erj, jrccm. ...Read more

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What's the difference between hypersensitivity and auto-immune disease, in the terms of immunology?

What's the difference between hypersensitivity and auto-immune disease, in the terms of immunology?

Very different: A hypersensitivity is generally what we call an allergic reaction. This is mostly to things you find in the environment, and most of the time is driven by an antibody called ige. An autoimmune disease is usually driven by igg antibody, and what is being attacked is something in the body that the immune system thinks is "foreign" and should be "dealt with" when it shouldn't be. ...Read more

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What is the difference between hypersensitivity and auto-immune disease, in the context of immunology?

What is the difference between hypersensitivity and auto-immune disease, in the context of immunology?

They overlap: Hypersensitivity reactions, in the truest sense, are specific reactions your immune system has to any target (allergic reactions, antibody responses to proteins, immune cell responses to bacteria, etc.). The target could be self (your own body) or non-self (e.g. Bacteria or viruses). So, autoimmune reactions are hypersensitivity reactions, but not all hypersensitivity reactions are autoimmune. ...Read more

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I have had 2 failed IVF attempts and have had some immunology tests. All have come back normal but CD3 and CD19 are low. What does this mean?

I have had 2 failed IVF attempts and have had some immunology tests. All have come back normal but CD3 and CD19 are low. What does this mean?

Consider PGS: Sorry about your unsuccessful IVF, and best for future success. Honestly the CD counts likely has no impact on fertility. There are no clear cause-and-effect links, and I suspect your doctor (s) are just looking for "something." Talk with them to be sure what they are thinking. Politely, if 43 years is correct, IVF success is no better than 15% (tops); consider PGS in future, and best wishes! ...Read more

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Looking for authors for the journal of allergy and clinical immunology?

If you mean you: Would like to submit an article, contatc the editors via the website www. Jacionline. Org. ...Read more

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Any articles here from journal of clinical allergy and immunology?

Any articles here from journal of clinical allergy and immunology?

No: The journal is available online at http://www. Jacionline. Org/

most articles are not free - require payment or membership in the "allergy academy". ...Read more

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Are virologists a type of doctor, or are they only scientists? And what are some fields related to immunology and virology?

Scientist: There is no recognized board of virology but it can best be fitted into the sub-specialty of Infectious Disease (under Internal Medicine). As for immunology, the specialty board I know of is the American Board of Allergy and Immunology. However most specialists would practice primarily clinical allergy or immunology with some cross-over. Most immunologists are more geared towards research. ...Read more

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Is LTT mitogen test a more complex test than other blood work? I had immunology work up, got all tests back except for that one, been almost 2 weeks!

Is LTT mitogen test a more complex test than other blood work? I had immunology work up, got all tests back except for that one, been almost 2 weeks!

Yes it is: LTT mitogen test is a complex specialized test for lymphocytes proliferation. Not a routine every day test, has to be performed in a special lab, so turn-around-time for results is longer, wish you all the best ...Read more

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What is anti nuclear antibody test for immunology?

What is anti nuclear antibody test for immunology?

A general screen..: A general screen for certain autimmune diseases. However, my favorite referral is a patient with a positive ana. I can tell most on revisit that it is a false positive. 5% off th population has a positive ana. Only 1/100 have an autoimune disease, associated with a positive ana. ...Read more

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Being sent to a certified allergist for a complete allergy and immunology workup. I know what allergy test is but what does immunology work up entail?

Normal immune status: An immune evaluation is undertaken when your allergist is concerned about how well your immune system works.
First, we look at antibody levels, IgG and the 4 subclasses, IgA (the most common Ig deficiency), IgM and IgE (the allergic antibody).
We also evaluate specific immune responses to different types of vaccines or illness. Usually tetanus and pneumococcal vaccine. (No room for full answer) ...Read more

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"most people who experience chronic cholinergic urticaria experienced a stressful event one year before their first outbreak". Immunology explanation?

"most people who experience chronic cholinergic urticaria experienced a stressful event one year before their first outbreak". Immunology explanation?

Not unnessarily: Cholinergic urticaria happens in some people after the core body temperature rises then cools down. It may happen with stress, exercise, or even after having taken a hot shower. The cause is unknown but it is speculated that this group of people have an overactive cholinergic system. ...Read more

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Do all allergists do desensitisation treatment for allergy and immunology problems?

Do all allergists do desensitisation treatment for allergy and immunology problems?

They should!: Board certified allergists are trained to do desensitization treatments for a number of problems. The most common is for severe allergy problems to environmental allergens (pollen, animal danders, insect stings). However, many allergists can assist other doctors with medication desensitization (like antibiotics) as well. ...Read more

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The journal of clinical immunology Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 535738, 9 -Epstein-Barr Systemic Autoimmune Diseases What is your opinion?

The journal of clinical immunology Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 535738, 9 -Epstein-Barr Systemic Autoimmune Diseases What is your opinion?

Definite possiblity: Therea re alot of papers that indicate the possibility of a latent (hidden) Epstein Barr infection as a cause of autoimmunity as well as the possility that these individuals with autoimmune disease have a relatively imbalanced immune system that could contribute to reactivation of the virus and/or incomplete resolution of the infection.

Nadia Ali, M.D, M.B;B.S, MPH, ABHIM, FACP ...Read more