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Doctor insights on: Fractional Excretion Of Sodium

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How do thiazides reduce calcium excretion through urine? And how do loop diuretics increase the excretion of calcium through urine?

How do thiazides reduce calcium excretion through urine? And how do loop diuretics increase the excretion of calcium through urine?

you're right: They do exactly what you said: thiazides reduce urinary calcium excretion and are good for stone formers; loop diuretics increase it and are good for people with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia. The mechanism is complicated. Unless you're taking an exam, this is sufficient information. ...Read more

Dr. Rex Mahnensmith
2,101 doctors shared insights

Sodium (Definition)

It's an element that is important in the cell functions ...Read more


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How much sodium is in no-salt-added diet if it includes purchased baked goods and processed foods?

How much sodium is in no-salt-added diet if it includes purchased baked goods and processed foods?

1500 mg: 1500 mg is your daily budget. Your food can still taste great. Crank up the flavor by adding more spice to your dish. Example: if you're cooking with garlic, add more garlic than the recipe calls for. You can find more information here: www.Nhlbi.Nih.Gov/health/public/heart/hbp/dash/new_dash.Pdf congrats on making great changes! ...Read more

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Dr. Harold Peltan Dr. Peltan
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Fractional excretion of sodium (Tip)

Be careful! salt and sodium are hidden in many foods. ...See more

Dr. Jan Lei Iwata Dr. Iwata
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Eating a Low-Sodium Diet (Checklist)

Speak with a clinical nutritionist
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Sodium-133, potassium-5.2, urea-105, creatinine-4.2. How to reduce the urea and creatinine levels?

Sodium-133, potassium-5.2, urea-105, creatinine-4.2. How to reduce the urea and creatinine levels?

High Blood Levels: To properly answer your question, more information is needed. Specifically, your age, weight and race will give a nephrologist an idea of what your kidney function is. You need to have an ultrasound of your kidneys to see if you have obstruction present. Please see a nephrologist so that doctor can do a history and physicalexam and order the ultrasound as well as a 24 hour urine collection. ...Read more

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Fractional excretion of sodium (Tip)

Ask your doctor about a salt substitute called "no salt" that does not have sodium in it. ...See more

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Factors affecting absorption, metabolism and excretion of digoxin?

Factors affecting absorption, metabolism and excretion of digoxin?

Renal: This medication is cleared by the kidneys do when renal function worsens digoxin levels increase. ...Read more

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Does potassium remove sodium from the body?

Does potassium remove sodium from the body?

Complex: The two are exchanged for each other in the distal aspect of the kidney filtering units. Kayexalate is a resin that does exchange sodium for potassium in the gut. Abuse of this treatment can cause the serum sodium to rise. ...Read more

Dr. Harold Peltan Dr. Peltan
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Fractional excretion of sodium (Tip)

Fresh and fresh-frozen vegetables usually have less sodium than canned vegetables. ...See more

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Can you please describe the breakfast menus i can have for low sodium diet?

Can you please describe the breakfast menus i can have for low sodium diet?

Salt source: While much focus is on the salt we add to cooking or at the table, the majority of our salt comes from processed meats, dairy, and canned goods. This requires a more committed diet change. See a dietician for more detailed guidelines. ...Read more

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How do diuretic drugs affect the urinary excretion of chlorine and potassium?

Promote: Virtually all diuretics promote excretion of potassium. Chlorine follows passively to maintain electrical neutrality. ...Read more

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Fractional excretion of sodium (Tip)

Start with studying the sodium content of foods you currently eat to get an idea of current usage. ...See more

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How does hypertension reduces renal excretion of uric acid and leading to secondary gout?

How does hypertension reduces renal excretion of uric acid and leading  to secondary gout?

Two ways: First hypertension can lead to chronic kidney disease which can cause hyperuricemia and gout. Second certain drugs used to treat hypertension such as diuretics and low dose Aspirin can cause hyperuricemia and gout. It is important to control hypertension as much as to control blood sugar in diabetes, and important to know you can not know how high your blood pressure is by how you feel .Measure! ...Read more

Dr. Harold Peltan Dr. Peltan
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Fractional excretion of sodium (Tip)

Ask for items like sauces or dressings on the side, so you can eat less sodium. ...See more

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Could you tell me what happens when we have too much sodium in our diet?

Could you tell me what happens when we have too much sodium in our diet?

Water retention: In general our bodies can handle it, but increased sodium also increases water retention. This can worsen high blood pressure, kidney disease, or congestive heart failure. ...Read more

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Is 5,250 mg of potassium daily from dietary intake too much??

Is 5,250 mg of potassium daily from dietary intake too much??

How much K: A recommended daily K intake if otherwise healthy is 4,700 mg K. So this seems like too much. It will depend on your BMI as well. First you need to find out why you need this much. Either you are losing it in your sweat, stool, vomit or saliva or peeing out in urine. Ask your Dr to test the Na and K in your urine as a start. ...Read more

Dr. Harold Peltan Dr. Peltan
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Fractional excretion of sodium (Tip)

Many convenience foods have low-sodium versions. Cooking from scratch is even better. ...See more

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Information on methotrexate sodium tabs?

Information on methotrexate sodium tabs?

Ask for injectable: Mtx tabs are 2.5mg. Taken orally, they are in the gut @600x that will be in the blood strea. Absorption is variable-40-90%. Then to the liver which sees 400x that which will be diluted out. None of these are significant issues when given by a weekly subcutaneous injection. Mtx is a valuable drug for inflammatory arthritis, psoriasis, and many autoimmune diseases. I only gibe it subcu! ...Read more