Doctor insights on:
Fractional Excretion Of Sodium
How do thiazides reduce calcium excretion through urine? And how do loop diuretics increase the excretion of calcium through urine?
you're right: They do exactly what you said: thiazides reduce urinary calcium excretion and are good for stone formers; loop diuretics increase it and are good for people with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia. The mechanism is complicated. Unless you're taking an exam, this is sufficient information. ...Read more
How much sodium is in no-salt-added diet if it includes purchased baked goods and processed foods?
1500 mg: 1500 mg is your daily budget. Your food can still taste great. Crank up the flavor by adding more spice to your dish. Example: if you're cooking with garlic, add more garlic than the recipe calls for. You can find more information here: www.Nhlbi.Nih.Gov/health/public/heart/hbp/dash/new_dash.Pdf congrats on making great changes! ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Sodium-133, potassium-5.2, urea-105, creatinine-4.2. How to reduce the urea and creatinine levels?
High Blood Levels: To properly answer your question, more information is needed. Specifically, your age, weight and race will give a nephrologist an idea of what your kidney function is. You need to have an ultrasound of your kidneys to see if you have obstruction present. Please see a nephrologist so that doctor can do a history and physicalexam and order the ultrasound as well as a 24 hour urine collection. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Low serum phophate/creatinin+phosphate excretion 24h urine, high tubular phophate reabsorption+urine d-pyr/crea ratio. Normal CA/PTH/Dvit/intake. Bad?
Do not worry: probably not problematicGet a more detailed answer ›
Two ways: First hypertension can lead to chronic kidney disease which can cause hyperuricemia and gout. Second certain drugs used to treat hypertension such as diuretics and low dose Aspirin can cause hyperuricemia and gout. It is important to control hypertension as much as to control blood sugar in diabetes, and important to know you can not know how high your blood pressure is by how you feel .Measure! ...Read more
How much K: A recommended daily K intake if otherwise healthy is 4,700 mg K. So this seems like too much. It will depend on your BMI as well. First you need to find out why you need this much. Either you are losing it in your sweat, stool, vomit or saliva or peeing out in urine. Ask your Dr to test the Na and K in your urine as a start. ...Read more
Ask for injectable: Mtx tabs are 2.5mg. Taken orally, they are in the gut @600x that will be in the blood strea. Absorption is variable-40-90%. Then to the liver which sees 400x that which will be diluted out. None of these are significant issues when given by a weekly subcutaneous injection. Mtx is a valuable drug for inflammatory arthritis, psoriasis, and many autoimmune diseases. I only gibe it subcu! ...Read more