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Doctor insights on: Commensal Flora In Sputum

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How to interpret sputum test results: Few polymorphonuclear cells seen No squamous epithelial cells seen Mixed bacteria COMMENSAL FLORA?

How to interpret sputum test results: Few polymorphonuclear cells seen No squamous epithelial cells seen Mixed bacteria COMMENSAL FLORA?

Mgt.: There is probably no infection related to this sample, but a culture can be sent to confirm. A cytologic analysis can also be performed to rule out malignancy. ...Read more

Dr. Layne Gentry
648 Doctors shared insights

Sputum (Definition)

Sputum is mucus that comes up from the lungs and can be ...Read more


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What does Gram positive cocci in chains, Moderate WBC and Normal upper respiratory flora in sputum mean?

What does Gram positive cocci in chains, Moderate WBC and Normal upper respiratory flora in sputum mean?

Inflammation: A sputum gram stain/ culture that demonstrates what you mention suggests that there is no "pathologic" bacteria, or disease causing bacteria but something is causing inflammation, as noted by the white blood cells. This doesn't mean that you have a bacterial infection though. Normal flora is just that, bacteria that you commonly find in the upper respiratory tract (everything above the rib cage) ...Read more

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Sputum culture showed normal flora. Gram stain showed mod. Amt of gram positive and neg. Bacilli and mod. Amt of gram positive cocci. Few wbc. Concerns?

Sputum culture showed normal flora. Gram stain showed mod. Amt of gram positive and neg. Bacilli and mod. Amt of gram positive cocci. Few wbc. Concerns?

No.: From your description, it sounds like the diagnosis was normal flora present. The bacilli and cocci with few WBCs are just describing that. Normal flora is a mixed population like that described. When one has an infection, the causative organism will predominate and will likely be the only thing present. There will also usually be numerous WBCs as these are your cells that fight infection. ...Read more

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SPUTUM Gram Stain1+ Squamous Epithelial Cells 2+ Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes 2+ Mixed Gram Positive Organisms 2+ Normal Flora Is this normal.?

SPUTUM Gram Stain1+ Squamous Epithelial Cells 2+ Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes 2+ Mixed Gram Positive Organisms 2+ Normal Flora Is this normal.?

Non diagnostic: The squamous epithelium means the sputum came from mouth not lungs (no squamous in lungs/bronchi) but leukocytes means infection. So, this sputum has infection but can't use it to diagnose due to contamination from mouth normal saliva that has usual mouth bacteria (called normal flora). Actinomycosis is being appropriately treated with penicillin. Discuss with your doc to see if need sputum resent ...Read more

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What are some bacteria that are commonly considered normal flora in the sputum and throat swab?

What are some bacteria that are commonly considered normal flora in the sputum and throat swab?

Too many to list: Several dozen are commonly found. The complexity will be apparent to you as you review http://www. Ncbi. Nlm. Nih. Gov/pmc/articles/PMC1287824/ ...Read more

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What does Mixed flora, and many WBC's and few epithelial cells mean in a sputum culture? I have CVID and interstitial lung disease.

What does Mixed flora, and many WBC's and few epithelial cells mean in a sputum culture? I have CVID and interstitial lung disease.

Nt that useful: Mixed flora means they were not able to identify a particular organism; basically it can't be used to dictate therapy. ...Read more

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What's a sputum culture?

What's a sputum culture?

See below: Sputum is the mucus that you cough up. A culture means that the specimen (in this case sputum) is plated on a plate with growth medium and incubated to test for any bacteria (or fungi). The purpose is to see if an infection is causing an illness. If bacteria grows, it is identified with various reagents and then tested for antibiotic susceptibility for treatment purposes. ...Read more

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How to make sputum for sputum test?

How to make sputum for sputum test?

Coughing: Sputum is mucous material from the lungs/respiratory tract that is produced by coughing. ...Read more

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What causes sputum to smell fruity?

Bacteria: There are certain gram negative bacteria (ie like pseudomonas) than can give the sputum a fruity like smell (historically described as grapelike). ...Read more

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What can a sputum sample tell doctors?

What can a sputum sample tell doctors?

The most: Important information would be the presence of inflammatory cells supporting an infection, and more specifically bacteria. If present the culture can guide the choice of the most effective antibitioics. ...Read more

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Bronchitis how is a sputum culture done?

Bronchitis how is a sputum culture done?

Cough and spit: Sputum in expelled into a cup and it is examined under a microscope and smeared on culture plate for organisms to grow. ...Read more

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What causes the rusty sputum in pneumonia?

What causes the rusty sputum in pneumonia?

Entry of red cells: The rusty sputum tends to occur in the stage of red hepatization of pneumonia when red blood cells leak into the alveolar spaces in the lung. When coughed out, the sputum at this early stage of infection can have a rusty appearance. ...Read more

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Does cough and colds can be cause of sputum?

Does cough and colds can be cause of sputum?

Sputum: Mucus production is normal. Excessive mucus production can be triggered by allergies, irritants and infections (viral, bacteria). Cough is frequently the body's reflex to expel mucus from the lower respiratory tract. ...Read more

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What should I do if I have blood in my sputum?

Talk to your doctor: Blood in sputum is never normal. Depending on the patient's age, health and lung condition (s), it can be something that needs an immediate full-scale evaluation or a brief time to see if it comes back. Let your doctor know what you are seeing and whether there are other symptoms such as fever, weight loss, shortness of breath or other new problems. Good luck! ...Read more

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What should you do if you find blood in sputum?

What should you do if you find blood in sputum?

Monitor closely!: Blood in sputum is usually due to a respiratory infection, with blood coming from superficial blood vessels traumatized by coughing, and should resolve as one recovers. However, other causes exist and the amount of blood expelled, and for how long, needs to be monitored closely. If it frank blood, instead of blood tinged sputum, or ever more than a tablespoon, please call your doctor immediately. ...Read more

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How dangerous is ecoli in the sputum? What to do?

How dangerous is ecoli in the sputum? What to do?

E. coli is a GI bug: This almost doesn't quite make sense - for someone to have E. coli in the sputum means that something from the GI tract contaminated that. This can occur with aspiration pneumonia (a patient vomits and then gets pneumonia from that) or, rarely, there is E. coli in the blood stream that settles into the lungs. To me, it's a matter of matching the lab findings with what's going on with the patient. ...Read more

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Should I be worried if there is blood in my sputum?

Should I be worried if there is blood in my sputum?

Yes: Except for the transient coughing of blood with a chest cold, this is always a danger sign. Your physician knows what to do. ...Read more

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How to prevent too much sputum secretions at night?

How to prevent too much sputum secretions at night?

Clear airway: Clear airway prior to bedtime, remove allergens from room, and make sure nasal passageways are clear (using sinus rinse). ...Read more

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Why is it during my sleep hour my sputum is flowing?

Why is it during my sleep hour my sputum is flowing?

Are referring: To mucus in the back of your throat? It is actually flowing during the day too, but gravity pulls it down. At night it pools in the throat and you can wake up with a bunch of yuck. ...Read more

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What causes yellowish round balls and brown long lines in sputum?

What causes yellowish round balls and brown long lines in sputum?

Sputum colors: You may be describing infected or blood streaked sputum. This requires a physical examination and testing to determine the cause. This should not be ignored as the sputum may be the result of serious disease. See your doctor. ...Read more

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Why is it you're negative in sputum test but positive in sputum culture?

Why is it you're negative in sputum test but positive in sputum culture?

Culture: A culture is more sensitive for smaller amounts of infection not easily seen by smear, but it does usually take a bit longer. ...Read more

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Should I be concerned about a sputum culture that came back gram positive cocci?

Should I be concerned about a sputum culture that came back gram positive cocci?

Sputum: Sputum gram stain and cultures are generally not useful. Why was yours done? A culture/gram stain done from another source may be better. ...Read more

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Cough since 2 months and light green coloured sputum. Cough only in dusty surroundings. Pls help?

Cough since 2 months and light green coloured sputum. Cough only in dusty surroundings. Pls help?

See doctor: Sound s like you have an infection. You should see your doctor for treatment. ...Read more

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What can cause atypical cells in a sputum ctyology? They are non cancerous, what could be the other cause?

What can cause atypical cells in a sputum ctyology? They are non cancerous, what could be the other cause?

Possible ca: Cells appearing in the sputum come from tracheobronchial tree or oronasophanyx. The appearance of atypia may mean that such cells are in transition and that with time a malignant phenotype will appear. Follw up with chest films and oral exam needed until symptoms resolve or progress. ...Read more

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My x-ray, sputum (nil) and mantoux text are positive for t.B but I don't have any symptoms. How is this possible?

My x-ray, sputum (nil) and mantoux text are positive for t.B but I don't have any symptoms. How is this possible?

Silent disease: You can be infected with TB without having symptoms. Tb can also be inactive for long periods of time, however, having a positive xray suggests you have active disease. This website ay be helpful:
http://www. Mayoclinic. Com/health/tuberculosis/ds00372. ...Read more