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Doctor insights on: Breast Cancer

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What are the symptoms of breast cancer?

What are the symptoms of breast cancer?

Mass is most common: Other possible signs of breast cancer include: swelling of all or part of breast (even if no distinct lump is felt); skin irritation or dimpling; breast or nipple pain; nipple retraction (turning inward); redness, scaliness or thickening of the nipple or breast skin; a nipple discharge other than breast milk. See your doctor for evaluation of any new breast mass/lump or breast change. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
1,336 doctors shared insights

Breast Cancer (Female) (Definition)

Breast cancer results when glandular cells lining the milk ducts and lobules of the human breast begin to grow in an unregulated manner. The growth occurs initially inside the ducts but eventually breaks outside into the breast tissue and ultimately spreads both to the lymph nodes in the armpit and via the bloodstream to other parts of the body. Because of the promoting affect of estrogen almost all breast cancer occurs in women and is a rarity in men. The unregulated growth is due to both inherited and acquired genetic defects. It is the most common malignancy in women but it often curable if found early and treated effectively with surgery, hormonal therapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy, or a combination thereof. Early detection before the malignancy becomes large enough to be felt depends on mammography/sonography and MRI imaging of the breast on an annual basis. ...Read more


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What are treatments for breast cancer?

What are treatments for breast cancer?

Multiple: The mainstay treatment for breast cancer is surgery, either mastectomy or lumpectomy, with sampling or removal of the lymph nodes in the armpit. Radiation is usually needed in conjunction with lumpectomy, but not necessarily with mastectomy. Chemotherapy may be added depending on the stage and characteristics of th cancer. Lastly, hormonal therapy may be useful depending on the tumor receptors. ...Read more

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What are some of the different risk factors for breast cancer?

See below: Some of the risk factors measured on the gail risk assessment are young age at first menstrual cycle, older age at first live childbirth, number of first degree relatives with breast cancer (mother, sister, daughter). Other risks may be prolonged exposure to estrogen medications, obesity, lack of exercise, cigarette smoking, excess intake of alcohol or fatty foods, etc. ...Read more

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Breast cancer prevention?

Breast cancer prevention?

5 steps: 1. Maintain a healthy weight. Obesity increases your risk of breast cancer 2. Have babies and breast feed. These decrease your risk 3. Limit hormone therapy after menopause. 4. Decrease alcohol intake 5. Exercise - women who have regular physical exercise have a decreased risk of breast cancer. ...Read more

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Breast cancer prevention?

5 steps: 1. Maintain a healthy weight. Obesity increases your risk of breast cancer 2. Have babies and breast feed. These decrease your risk 3. Limit hormone therapy after menopause. 4. Decrease alcohol intake 5. Exercise - women who have regular physical exercise have a decreased risk of breast cancer. ...Read more

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How does breast cancer spread?

How does breast cancer spread?

3 Basic Ways: Breast cancer can spread in 3 basic ways - it can grow larger and larger, invading into the skin or muscle; it can invade into the blood vessels and then travel to other areas of the body (most commonly liver, lungs, bone and brain), and it can invade into the lymphatic vessels and travel to the lymph nodes under the arm and other areas of the body. ...Read more

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What is the bigget risk factor for breast cancer?

What is the bigget risk factor for breast cancer?

Breasts: 1 in 8 women in the us will develop breast cancer in their lifetime, therefore no woman should feel immune to this disease. The best chance for cure exists when we catch the cancer before it causes any symptoms; the best test to find breast cancer is a mammogram. I recommend beginning mammography at age 40, unless one has a family history of breast cancer at an early age. Mammograms save lives. ...Read more

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Is breast discharge a symptom breast cancer?

Is breast discharge a symptom breast cancer?

Sometimes: Most are not cancerous, but sometimes they are. Especially worrisome are bloody discharges or any spontaneous discharge after menopause. If any discharge is persistent you should at least run it by your primary doc or ob/gyn. ...Read more

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Symptoms of breast cancer?

Symptoms of breast cancer?

Maybe none: Early breast cancer has no signs or symptoms. Breast cancer may later present as a painless firm breast lump. Rarely changes in color of the skin, sometimes nipple will get retracted or breast skin pulled inward. Best is to have yearly physical examination and mammogram after age 40 before these symptoms occur. Any breast lump, painful or not, should be examined by your doctor. ...Read more

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Can breast cancer be prevented?

Can breast cancer be prevented?

Yes with surgery: Mastectomy of both breasts will be recommended to prevent the development of breast cancer in patients who carry genetic abnormality such as brca 1 or 2 as this genetic abnormality will increase their risk to have breast cancer and ovarian cancer significantly. Tamoxifen is given to patients with high risk feature like precancerous /in situ to reduce risk for recurrence of in situ or cancer. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,214 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


Dr. Mark Hoepfner
1,028 doctors shared insights

Breast Carcinoma (Definition)

Breast carcinoma is a type of cancer where this uncontrolled growth of breast cells. Symptoms can include breast lumps, pain, and weight ...Read more