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Doctor insights on: Botulism Toxin Assay

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Does the body produce antitoxins against clostridium botulinum and tetani toxins?

Does the body produce antitoxins against clostridium botulinum and tetani toxins?

Yes but...: In neither conditions, recovery from the disease does not confer immunity because the toxin is usually not present in amount large enough to induce adequate immune response. ...Read more

Toxin (Definition)

Poisonous substance produced within living cells or organisms;man-made substances created by artificial processes are thus excluded. The term was first used by organic chemist ludwig brieger (1849–1919). For a toxic substance not produced within living organisms, "toxicant" and "toxics" are also sometimes used.[citation needed]. Toxins can be small ...Read more


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Do I have to see a specialist to get a botulism toxin assay ordered?

Do I have to see a specialist to get a botulism toxin assay ordered?

Why do you need it?: You don't need a specialist to order the test, but that test is one to check for botulism, which is an uncommon problem. ...Read more

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What is the immune response to clostridium botulinum, clostridium tetani or clostridium perfringes?

What is the immune response to clostridium botulinum, clostridium tetani or clostridium perfringes?

Do your homework: Your instructors will expect you to answer your homework questions from the assigned reading. The wording and jargon will be recognizable and you will be dinged if you do not.This information site is not set up to provide a shortcut for homework answers. ...Read more

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Clostridium difficile toxin b gene present clostridium dificile antigen presen. Would u no how severe the c diff is?

Clostridium difficile toxin b gene present
clostridium dificile antigen presen. Would u no how severe the c diff is?

Have diarrhea or no?: C.Difficile is pathogenic in older children & adults (whose colonic microflora are altered by antibiotics, chemotherapy, salmonella/shigella). C.Diff causes diarrhea w/pseudomembranous & other colitis, complicates inflammatory bowel disease, causes fulminant transmural extension, perforation with peritonitis, toxic megacolon. Treatment, & confirmation of post-treatment eradication, is recommended. ...Read more

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Is Clostridium Tetani the scientific name for Tetanus?

Is Clostridium Tetani the scientific name for Tetanus?

Yes: Clostridium tetani is the name for the bacteria that causes tetanus. More details on tetanus can be found here: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/229594-overview#showall ...Read more

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What is an inactivated tetanus toxin?

Vaccine: Tetanus toxoid is an inactive (meaning it can't give you tetanus) ingredient in the tetanus vaccine. It is important to get this vaccine every 10 years as an adult. Also, consider getting the Tdap vaccine (with pertussis or whooping cough) instead if you are around young children under the age of 1-2 years old to help prevent them from getting pertussis. ...Read more

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What foodborne disease involves neurotoxin?

What foodborne disease involves neurotoxin?

Botulism: Although there are others, clostridium botulinum toxin can be foodborne and kill. Also, puffer fish have the neurotoxin tetrodotoxin- improperly prepared and eaten, paralysis and death can occur. ...Read more

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Is botulinum toxin harmful? Does dose matter?

Is botulinum toxin harmful? Does dose matter?

FDA approved: Botulinum toxin is not harmful when used as recommended. Botox, Botox cosmetic, dysport, xeomin, (incobotulinumtoxin a) Myobloc (botulinum toxin b) are examples of botulinum products that are fda approved and have been used worldwide in many millions of people with few significant ill-effects. Dosing does matter. More is not better. ...Read more

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Whats a clostridium botulinum culture?

Unclear question: Clostridium botulinum organism cause paralytic food poisoning, usally through contamination of home canned goods. It grows in an anerobic environment and releases a toxin that affects muscle function. ...Read more

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What are shiga toxin-producing e. Coli?

What are shiga toxin-producing e. Coli?

Dangerous bacteria: Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) are bacteria found in various livestock (cows, swine, etc) which can lead to dangerous food borne illness.Recent outbreaks in Europe are due to a specific type of STEC called strain 0104:h4. In the USA E. coli o157:h7 is a more common strain.Each produces a toxin (shiga) which can disrupt colon cells causing bloody diarrhea or destroy kidney cells & lead to HUS. ...Read more

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Is samonella poisoning contageous?

Is samonella poisoning contageous?

Yes it is: If food is contaminated by salmonella, anyone who eats that food can become ill. Also it can be transmitted person-to-person by the fecal-oral route. Strict hand-washing is needed. Also keeping raw meat, etc separate from other foods is wise -- as is having separate cutting boards, etc. http://tinyurl.com/k8894u5. ...Read more

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Is salmonella typhimurium dangerous?

Is salmonella typhimurium dangerous?

Yes and Yes: Like other serotypes of salmonella enterica, salmonella typhimurium can cause serious, potentially life-threatening infection especially in the young, the elderly and the immune suppressed. ...Read more

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Do inactivated rabies vaccines elicit cell mediated immunity(t-cells) aside from just antibody production?

Do inactivated rabies vaccines elicit cell mediated immunity(t-cells) aside from just antibody production?

Activated rabies vac: Yes. They activate dendritic cells and presumptively enhance immune function in that fashion. J virol 2011 feb; 85(4) :1634-44. ...Read more

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Rotavirus, and varicella vaccines contain fetal bovine serum. dtap, hebb, ipv, and typhoid vaccines contain bovine casein. what can vegans do?

Rotavirus, and varicella vaccines contain fetal bovine serum. dtap, hebb, ipv, and typhoid vaccines contain bovine casein. what can vegans do?

Overall picture best: While there is discussion in the vegan community about vaccines containing animal products, most people agree that there are some situations where there is no "vegan" alternative, and it is OK to do the "non-vegan" thing. This is one of them. The benefit of vaccines is proven. They are worth it. ...Read more

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Is botulism food infection or intoxication?

Is botulism food infection or intoxication?

Intoxication mostly: Classical food botulism is caused by preformed botulinum toxin, usually a, b, or e, ingested in food not cooked or stored correctly, such as with home canning. Despite this, so-called infant botulim is caused by ingestion of bacillus botulinum spores with germination in the immature intestinal tract and elaboration of toxin. Same thing can occur in wound botulism. ...Read more

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What can transmit clostridium difficile?

What can transmit clostridium difficile?

Fecal contamination: C diff may be transmitted from one patient to an other on the hands of hospital workers if they do not wash hands between patients. ...Read more

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Is GBS a second cause of my UTI? culture results: 10,000 CFU/mL Streptococcus Group B, (S. agalactiae) AND >100,000 CFU/mL Escherichia coli

Is GBS a second cause of my UTI? culture results:  10,000 CFU/mL Streptococcus Group B, (S. agalactiae)	AND >100,000 CFU/mL Escherichia coli

Contamination: Urinary tract infection is usually a single organism. GBS is a normal organism of the vagina. In your case, it is likely that e. coli is the responsible organism for your UTI and GBS is just a contaminant especially that the count is 10,000 ...Read more

Dr. Ricardo Maselli
176 doctors shared insights

Botulinum Poisoning (Definition)

An illness due to toxin produced by Clostridium botulinum. ...Read more