Doctor insights on:
Do inactivated rabies vaccines elicit cell mediated immunity(t-cells) aside from just antibody production?
Activated rabies vac: Yes. They activate dendritic cells and presumptively enhance immune function in that fashion. J virol 2011 feb; 85(4) :1634-44. ...Read more
There isn't a way: That i can assess your depth of fear using this format. Also can't get a sense of how reality based this is and if degree of fear in at a reasonable level. If this is negatively impacting your life - would encourage you to see a psychologist or therapist who does cognitive behavioral therapy. They can assess if you concerns are rational ; assist you. Take care. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Of course: In countries with advanced capabilities, this is certainly going on all of the time both for offensive and defensive purposes. Few are likely to publicize or discuss these activities; they remain seriously controlled state secrets. ...Read more
Probably: The soviet union had a well paid biological weapons development department there is little reason to assume that the break up of the communist system meant the elimination of these programs. The current government is unlikely to publicize such efforts. ...Read more
If an OCD sufferer fears certain chemical, how will erp (exposure and response prevention) be carried out?
2 Main Types: There are 2 main types of exposure therapy that good for this. In vivo therapy invovles creating a hierarchy and systematically exposing yourself to more anxiety producing thought s , situations and chemicals. Imaginal exposures are sometimes use when real life exposures would be impossible or too difficult. They both are efective if applied right. ...Read more
Does monoclonal b-cell lymphocytosis make the patient more vulnerable to infections, e.G., hypostatic pneumonia? Is monoclonal b-cell lymphocytosis capable of transforming into acute leukemia?
No infections in MBL: The definition of mbl is an elevated lymphocyte count with a lack of symptoms or complications. It can transform into cll (chronic lymphocytic leukemia), in which low immunoglobulins and the abnormal b lymphocytes can indeed cause increased infections. Neither of these has been associated with transformation to acute leukemia, although cll can become an aggressive lymphoma. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Apart from adolf hitler and radovan karadzic what other genocidal war criminals are into quackery?
Only psychiatrist respond please.Mentally ill.It's not PTSD. Sufferin from delayed emotional response an reaction related 2 recent non traumatic thing?
Therapy?: Not sure what the question is here. This indicates Mental illness w diagnosis of PTSD and use of Paxil (paroxetine). The question is: Are you in therapy? Even though most recent reactions are not due to recent trauma - that can still be addressed in therapy. Take care. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Multiple wakings in terror, perceived intruder approaching. Physically attacking "intruders" (lamp, dresser, fan) while not fully conscious. Smashed 2 toes, cut open fist, destroyed objects. Pls help!
Freund's adjuvant: Freund's complete adjuvant stimulates cell-mediated immunity leading to potentiation of the production of certain immunoglobulins this effect depends on the animal used. Use in humans is forbidden by regulatory authorities due to toxicity. Even for animal research there are currently guidelines associated with its use, due to its painful reaction and potential for tissue damage. ...Read more
Some of both: In genetic expression of any type the phenotype is expressed different from the genotype. So yes there is a degree of genetics. However, there is also an enviromental factor. ...Read more
How could modern genetic studies contribute to our understanding of biological variation in humans?
Understand : Helps us see how changes occurGet a more detailed answer ›
Interferon: Intron a (interferon alfa 2b) is the trade name for interferon alpha. Not used as much as in the past, but still can be used for high risk melanoma, rarely for some myeloproliferative neoplasia situations and renal cell cancers. Most common use is in hepatitis c. Interferon is a natural substance made by lymphoid cells in response to viral and other illnesses. ...Read more
Agree w Dr. Novick: Vaccine is in development at this time. Currently there have been no cases of leprosy which are resistant to multi-drug tx. Multi-drug therapy for multibacillary leprosy is usually Dapsone, Rifampicin & Clorazime. Other antibiotics can be used. Fewer antibiotics may be used for other forms of leprosy. Multi-drug therapy continues to be an effective treatment for leprosy. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Two genes neeeded: It doesn't create the disorder but for many conditions for there to be symptoms a particular gene must appear twice. In incest the two parents share many genes and so are more likely to have overlapping genes which will be duplicated in the children. Hemophilia, which requires this, led to the deaths of many european monarchs who shared the gene. ...Read more
Unlikely: The booster antigen (vaccine) is used to stimulate your body to produce more antibody often up to several-folds. By the time you need a booster, there is usually marginal quantity of antibody against that antigen to bind it. Even if the antigen is bound by the antibody, the body may still recognize the complex as an antigen. Although theoretically possible, the effect would be minimal ...Read more
Are there "terrorism" doctors? I mean, doctors that specialize in conditions as a result of terrorism?
Yes: Infectious disease doctors are supposed to be able to diagnose and treat infections that could be caused by bioterrorism attacks, such as anthrax, smallpox, plague, etc. Emergency room doctors are also trained to recognize these conditions. Once such a condition is diagnosed, public health authorities should be notified immediately. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
BCG has been used : in attempts to vaccinate against leprosy but isn't that effective. More specific vaccines are in development. At this point, leprosy has consistently responded to multi-drug therapy which for multibacillary leprosy is usually Dapsone, Rifampicin & Clorazime. Other antibiotics can be used. This is one of the oldest diseases known to mankind and appears to remain steady in it's form. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer