Doctor insights on:
3 Main Types Of Bone Injuries
DNA methodology: Tissue typing is based on hla (human leukocyte antigen) typing originally performed by serologic methods using different known sera to be mixed with white cells (lymphocytes) obtained from the blood. Today, using dna sequencing or PCR (polymerase chain reaction) technology, any tissue in the body (easiest to get is buccal mucosa cells in saliva) could be used as source of dna for study. ...Read more
Bone is a living growing tissue made mostly of collagen (protein that provides soft framework) & the mineral calcium phosphate that adds strength & hardens the framework. Two types of bone are found in the body; cortical (dense compact outer layer) & trabecular (makes up inner layer, ...Read more
Pain in the wrist, mainly the carpal bones, for a while. Hurts when typing, writing, doing hair, bending long periods of time, etc. Why?
Carpal tunnel: Hi PaigeP, sounds like carpal tunnel syndrome. Go see your family doctor and he can test for this. In many cases, wearing special wrist braces is sufficient. In severe cases, sometimes surgery is helpful. In the meantime, anti-inflammatories can be helpful for pain, and limit long exposures to typing and working on the computer. Hope thats helpful. ...Read more
Moist clammy skin: The most common symptoms of shock include: an extremely low blood pressure; feeling weak or nauseous; chest pain; fast but weak pulse; profuse sweating; dizziness, faintness or light-headedness; moist, clammy skin; unconsciousness; rapid, shallow breathing; feeling anxious, agitated or confused; blue lips and fingernails. With bone injury there is a danger of fat embolism - stroke, lung injury. ...Read more
My wife (24 y) suffers from pain in the coccyx bone in the lower back. She can't sit out since three months and never had any injury in that region.?
Which of these two tissue types do you think would heal faster following an injury? (a) cartilage or bone?
Always cartilage: The stages of healing bone fractures are: blood clots are organized by chondroblast cells into cartilage. Then invading osteoblasts convert the cartilage in bone structure; which is constantly being remodeled by both osteoclast & osteoblast cells; influenced by blood flow; physical stress loads, etc. Yet many genetic, epigenetic; physiologic controls remain poorly understood. ...Read more
Hi what type of injuries could my daughter have she has swelling around where her ligaments are around the ankle and along the ankle bone this has been an issue for nearly 3 years.She has seen muscular skeletal and has wore insole s with trainers to help
Fracture: If you are asking about most common fracture about the elbow, then the radial head is the answer. Simple bone contusions are more common than fractures however. ...Read more
None that is known!: There is no such cause for any cancers. An injury might bring you to a doctor attention, and an xray might show a tumour or some tumour's cause the bone to break, which causes pain, swelling, tenderness, etc and again an xray will show the cause of the break, to be a tumour, which may or may not be a cancer. ...Read more
What type of condition/injury would cause the peroneal tendon on one leg to stick out and cause pain along the bone as it ascends?
Many mechanism : When foot in inversion position and reflex kick to evert. Is the most commonly. Transverse plane injury ...Read more
Depends on the cause: Bone or joint injuries are usually treated by orthopedic surgeons, although non-surgical treatments can be done by family physicians, general internists, and physiatrists (physical medicine and rehabilitation specialists.) if arthritis is involved, especially if it is rheumatoid arthritis, then a rheumatologist will usually treat this disorder. ...Read more
I have pain on the ulnar side of the wrist, close to the tfcc. Mri shows only a bone contusion, no lig damage. The primary injury is 6mo old. What would contribute to contusion lasting this long?
Other causes of Pain: Physical exam is paramount, to determine the origin of the pain. It may be an error to assume, that the cause of the pain, has to be the bone contusion. Depending on the image resolution, partial ligamentous injuries may not be seen, on mri. Correlation with operative (arthroscopic) findings is between 50 to 75 % ...Read more
What type of doctor would i see for hard lymph nodes and bone pain? Primary ran CBC cmp normal. Severe fatigue. Low t3, (liothyronine) mild anemia.
You have choices: You could ask your primary to refer you for a second opinion from either an internist or a specialist. Where are the hard nodes located? If they are in the neck and ENT doctor can evaluate them for a biopsy. A hematologist can also investigate the cause of anemia and hard lymph nodes. How low is your hemoglobin? ...Read more
29 year-old woman who has been suffering malocclusion and tinnitus since a facial fracture 5 years ago, is now looking for her first surgical.....?
Team treatment: Patient suffered dental and skeletal displacement and fractures. These anatomic malrelationship said have to be restored to normal for resolution of am atomic malrelationship said. Team should be assembled chaired by both an Orthodontist and an Oral surgeon who communicate well with each other and who have a track record of treating Orthognathic cases. Team should also include ENT, neurologist, general physician, perhaps a periodontist, and a restorative dentist. But most important, align upper teeth to upper jaw, lower teeth to lower jaw, then properly align jaws to rest of Craniofacial-facial structures and to each other. ...Read more
Varies: After a week or so, the fracture gets sticky and is more difficult to set. If you are in doubt, make sure you see an orthopedist and get needed care before you have to make this decision. If there is drift and a re-set is necessary, i would think a couple of weeks out is getting to the limit. I defer to our orthopedic colleagues on health tap for a more expert answer. ...Read more
Many different metals are used, therefore it is important to consult with your orthopedic surgeon as to what was/will be used in you.
Commonly, austenitic stainless steels (iron, chromium, molybdenum) the cobalt-chromium alloys, and the titanium alloys are components of implants.
http://cal.vet.upenn.edu/projects/saortho/chapter_13/13mast.htm. ...Read more
When breaking a bone or other serious injury, should you keep the victim conscious or let him or her pass out?
It's not your choice: If they're going to pass out, you can't prevent it. What you want to do though, is if you think they're going to pass out make sure they don't fall and hurt themselves. Help them gently to the ground. Our 1st instinct when someone is going down is to try to help them back up or to sit them up. Don't do that. The reason we pass out is so our head goes down to get more blood to our brain. ...Read more
Arthritis or fractur:
Sesamoiditis is painful inflammation of the sesamoid apparatus, which is located in the forefoot
most patients will describe a deep achy and sharp pain in the ball of the foot behind the big toe with every step taken. It will be difficult to perform many weight bearing activities. Most patients do not have pain when at rest.
Could be treated by consevatie means.
Or surgical means. ...Read more
Two types: Compact and spongy. The names imply that the two types of differ in density, or how tightly the tissue is packed together. There are three types of cells that contribute to bone homeostasis. Osteoblasts are bone-forming cell, osteoclasts resorb or break down bone, and osteocytes are mature bone cells. An equilibrium between osteoblasts and osteoclasts maintains bone tissue. ...Read more
Hard to say...: Most of the times we don't know what exactly causes lymphoma so there isn't much we can do to prevent it. Most cases probably have a genetic component but the process is probably multifactorial and many other things need to happen in order to produce lymphoma. In a small subset of cases, a distinct cause appears to exist: exposure to toxins, radiation, certain viruses (ex: ebv). ...Read more
Viral: It appears that lymphoma, especially in bone marrow arises from viral transfection of the Wnt-1 gene. This occurs in 3 systems, that is the invasion of the MMTV virus into the cells of the milk duct of the breast, the cells of the prostate and the lymphocyte. The Wnt-1 gene then turns on overexpression of B catenin which leads to the transformation to malignancy. ...Read more
I have a sesamoid bone broken now for three months. It's not healing. How long does it take to heal.
Difficult to heal.: Under the best of circumstances, sesamoid bones are difficult to heal. Having said that, it is at times to determine if the sesamoid is actually broken. This is because sesamoids can be in two, three and even more pieces, naturally. It is prudent to x-ray the opposite foot to see if the sesamoids show the same mono, bi, tri or multi partite pattern. If truly fractured, it may need to be removed. ...Read more
I broke my tibia bone in half three months after i founnd I have osteoporosis.Should it still hurt after 1 1/2 years?
Possible nonunion: The tibia is notorious for not healing. It's possible that it never healed and you've developed a nonunion, for several different reasons. I'd make an appointment with an orthopedic surgeon to evaluate why you're still having pain in your tibia. ...Read more
For three weeks now, I've had this awful pain in the middle, on my spine. Feels like I brusied the bone, which I know is not possible. Help?
After seeing three periodontists, and being honest to them, they do not know the cause of my bone loss. At 39 y/o, how do I find the root cause?
Treat perio disease: Many variables, what was your dental status prior to going to three periodontists? Did you see your dentist on a prescribed basis? Were you told that periodontal disease is evident? Were you referred to a periodontist? Do you floss and brush properly? Are you diabetic, a smoker or suffer from any physical ailments? These and more are questions to be pondered- more important treat the problem now. ...Read more
Many types...: The basic categories would be open or closed, i.E whether there is an associated break in the overlying skin exposing the fracture to the outside and thereby increasing chance of infection. Also, intra or extra articular, i.e.Whether it is involving the joint. Also, comminuted, i.E whether the break involves two or more pieces. And lastly, displaced, that is whether the pieces have moved or not. ...Read more
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