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Doctor insights on: 3 Main Functions Large Intestine

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What can happen if the large intestine isn't functioning properly?

What can happen if the large intestine isn't functioning properly?

Colon dysfunction: The colon's primary function is absorption of water (mostly right colon) & storage of solid waste (mostly left colon). Continence of stool relies primarily on rectal tone & sensation. An inflammed colon or one that is too active may result in diarrhea, whereas a sluggish colon may contribute to constipation. Fecal incontinence reflects rectal/anal disturbance (see my earlier healthtap entries). ...Read more

Intestine (Definition)

The gastrointestinal tract starts at the mouth, travel down the tunnel (esophagus), which connects to the stomach, which then empties into the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum---the three parts of the small intestine (@25 feet). This empties into the colon or large intestine (about 5 feet), which then becomes the sigmoid colon, rectum and out the anus. So, every morsel eaten ...Read more


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What function is affected when the large intestine is damaged or removed?

What function is affected when the large intestine is damaged or removed?

Nothing major: The main functions of large intestine is to act as a reservoir for the fecal matter. It also absorbs water from the stools so they get solidified.
The net effect of removal of colon may be more frequent bolwel movements than 1-2/day and they may be softer or semisolid. Of course you need your lower end to be functional/intact in order to have control over the bowel movements. ..Otherwise a colost. ...Read more

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I've had three abdominal surgeries & no large bowel. I have alot of scar tissue on GI track, is pregnancy possible for streching without blocking?

I've had three abdominal surgeries & no large bowel. I have alot of scar tissue on GI track, is pregnancy possible for streching without blocking?

Pregnancy possible: Pregnancy is possible as long as your have the reproductive organs to do the same. If you have a colostomy, obstruction during pregnancy is not very common. ...Read more

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How does the large intestine work with other systems to keep the body healthy? (Provide 3 Example)

How does the large intestine work with other systems to keep the body healthy? (Provide 3 Example)

In multiple ways: The colon receives liquid chyme from the small intestine and it reabsorbs the water and stores the fecal residue for elimination. The microbiota of the colon produce Vitamin K and other vitamins that the body need. The bacteria also ferment a number of carbohydrates that our cells cannot process, releasing short chain fatty acids that we absorb. Our microbiota are essential for our functioning. ...Read more

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What does the large intestine do?

What does the large intestine do?

Absorb water: Stool as it leaves the small intestine is very liquid. As it travels through the colon, water is absorbed from it so that it is more formed by the time it reaches the rectum. ...Read more

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Where is the large intestine located?

Where is the large intestine located?

Abdomen: The large intestine, aka the colon, is located in varying areas of you abdomen. It begins in the right, lower portion of your belly and travels to right upper area (ascending colon) becoming the transverse colon as it moves across from your right to your left side. Here it becomes the descending colon and transitions to you sigmoid colon in the lower left side. It moves central and down to end. ...Read more

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What is absorbed in the large intestine?

What is absorbed in the large intestine?

Large intestine: The large intestine primarily absorbs water from the stool mixture, associated with ions, nutrients, and vitamins produced by the gut bacteria. By absorbing the water, it changes the stool from liquid to its final solid form. Hope that helps. ...Read more

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What are consequences if large intestine is removed?

What are consequences if large intestine is removed?

Diarrhea/dehydration: The large intestine has two primary functions: 1) storage of stool and 2) absorption of water. When food leaves the small intestine, it is liquid. By the time it leaves the large intestine, it is solid. Therefore, remove the large intestine and have frequent liquid stools. This condition can lead to dehydration. Some patients require medicines to slow intestine transit; some need IV fluids. ...Read more

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What would happen if the large intestine is removed?

What would happen if the large intestine is removed?

Colostomy/illeostomy: Generally, if the colon needs to be removed for some reason, the surgeon will create a place on the abdominal wall where the intestines can drain. Depending on exactly how much is removed, it may either be a colostomy (from what's left of the colon) or an illeostomy (from the end of the small intestine). A bag is usually worn to catch the feces. ...Read more

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What number of parts are there in the large intestine?

One: The large intestine is one continuous length of intestine. It does have parts that are named by their location. Cecum-beginning. Ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon, and rectum, and finally anus. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: large intestine?

What is the definition or description of: large intestine?

Def: Large intestine: The large intestine, colon, or large bowel is the last 5-6 feet of the GI tract. The colon functions to recover the last amount of water from food and to store solid waste. See healthtap answers regarding colon diseases. ...Read more

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What can I do to keep my large intestine in good condition?

What can I do to keep my large intestine in good condition?

Healthy Diet: A diet that is high in fiber, fruits, whole grains, and vegetables can help keep your colon healthy. It is very important to have a colonoscopy when you reach age 50 to screen for colon cancer (which is very treatable if caught early) or younger if there is a history of colon cancer or colon polyps in your family. Avoid habitual laxative use, and get regular exercise. Your body will thank you! ...Read more

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What are the consequences of rapturing the large intestine?

What are the consequences of rapturing the large intestine?

Infection: Millions of bacteria reside in the large intestine. With rupture, the bacteria leak into the abdominal cavity, creating severe inflammation and potential entry of these bacteria into the bloodstream, leading to sepsis or even death if untreated. Depending on the cause & location of the rupture (and luck), adjacent tissues can potentially "band-aid" the whole; other times, surgery is necessary. ...Read more

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What is the best not invasive way to look at a problem in my large intestine?

What is the best not invasive way to look at a problem in my large intestine?

3 -D CT: A three dimensional ct scan can provide a non-invasive view of the colon. However, even this modality does require bowel preparation. ...Read more

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At the ascending end of the large intestine and the horizonal beginning intestine, what can cause pain?

At the ascending end of the large intestine and the horizonal beginning intestine, what can cause pain?

Right sided abd pain: The area you describe is called the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. In addition to large bowel problems problems with the gallbladder such as gallstones could cause this pain. Other possibilities in the right upper quadrant are ulcer disease, liver problems, and pacreatitis. ...Read more

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What treatments for an elongated large intestine?

What treatments for an elongated large intestine?

Depends on function: The therapeutic approach depends on colon function. An elongated colon may work perfectly well, & therefore require no "treatment." a sluggish colon may respond to prokinetics (designed to speed up movement of material through colon). Colonic inertia that is refractory to prokinetic rx may benefit from "colon reduction" surgery. Sitz marker testing, defecography, anal manometry studies can help. ...Read more

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Is the large intestine the colon or something else?

Is the large intestine the colon or something else?

Yes, it is colon & -: Large intestine includes- cecum, colon (ascending, transverse, descending), and rectum. ...Read more

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Can u palpate your large intestine?

Can u palpate your large intestine?

Sure, but...: ...Most of the time, your colon (large intestine) is not palpable. One may be able to determine some of its outline (particularly in the left lower quadrant) under circumstances when it is distended with air or stool, and the patient is relatively thin. If tenderness is present, please get to the doctor. ...Read more

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Could the large intestine be transplanted?

Yes, but not alone: The large intestine has been transplanted many times in the past, but only as part of a small intestine transplant. The large intestine has two jobs: hold stool and absorb fluid. For this reason, it is beneficial in intestine transplant patients to avoid diarrhea and dehydration. However, the risks of immune suppression medication don't warrant large intestine transplant by itself. ...Read more

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What does the large intestine do and how does it work with the small intestine?

What does the large intestine do and how does it work with the small intestine?

See below: The small intestine is the primary absorptive surface to allow nutrients to enter the blood stream for your nutrition. The colon or large intestine primarily absorbs water & stores waste until eliminated. ...Read more

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What is the medical condition where the large intestine is too long and becomes twisty?

What is the medical condition where the large intestine is too long and becomes twisty?

Sigmoid volvulus: Volvolous of sigmoid colon can occur in a redundant colon or otherwise, and it can be a medical emergency. ...Read more

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Can there be a medical condition where the large intestine is too long and becomes twisty?

Can there be a medical condition where the large intestine is too long and becomes twisty?

Volvulus: Volvulus happens when there is a redundancy to the bowel and it twists around the axis of its blood supply. This can cause obstruction and loss of blood flow to that segment of the bowel. The most common part of the intestine to have volvulus is the sigmoid colon; a part of the large intestine. ...Read more

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Is life become normal after removed large intestine from a one year baby and what is the side effects. Is any danger to her life?

Is life become normal after removed large intestine from a one year baby and what is the side effects. Is any danger to her life?

The danger: Was the problem with her intestine that caused it to be removed. Yes life can return to normal...She may need some dietary adjustments, and hopefully your surgeon, pediatrician, and GI specialist can assist you. There is no danger to her life having her intestines removed. ...Read more

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What is the reason for bleeding in the large intestine?

What is the reason for bleeding in the large intestine?

Variable: Various reasons of colon bleeding can be: vascular malformations, diverticulosis, tumors or polyps, colon cancer, hemorrhoids. ...Read more

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What is the name of the bacteria that lives in the large intestine?

What is the name of the bacteria that lives in the large intestine?

Microflora...: ...which is a blend of bacterium (and sometimes other organisms) unique from individual to individual. ...Read more

Large Bowel (Definition)

Large bowel, or large intestine connects terminal ileum of small bowel to rectum. Begins at the ileo-cecal valve and comprises cecum, ascendind, transverse, descending and sigmoid colon. Resposible for: 1) intestinal water resorption of ingested fluids, gastric & small intestinal digestive juices. 2) transporting end products of digestion & bacterial waste ...Read more


Large Intestine (Definition)

The large intestine, colon, or large bowel is the last 5-6 feet of the GI tract. The colon functions to recover the last amount of water from food and to store solid waste. See healthtap ...Read more