Doctor insights on:
3 Main Functions Large Intestine
Digestion: The stomach is responsible for mixing food and preparing it for digestion. The enzymes which break food down into nutrients mix with the food in the duodenum, as does the bile from the liver. The nutrients are absorbed in the small intestine. Everything that is not absorbed travels to the large intestine, where water is absorbed, turning the waste from liquid to solid. ...Read more
The gastrointestinal tract starts at the mouth, travel down the tunnel (esophagus), which connects to the stomach, which then empties into the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum---the three parts of the small intestine (@25 feet). This empties into the colon or large intestine (about 5 feet), which then becomes the sigmoid colon, rectum and out the anus. So, every morsel eaten ...Read more
Ileoproctostomy - Can the Distal Ileum b atached 2 the remaing small colon instead of remaing rectum? If theres no large, can small b atached 2 rectum
Important hormone: Secretin is important in digestion. When stomach acid flows into the duodenum (small intestine) secretin is released. The secretin stimulates the pancreas to release bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) which helps digest food. It also enhances the function of cck which is important in gallbladder function. Secretin is stopped from working when the ph of the stomach is blocked with certain medications. ...Read more
Which one increase risk of gallbladder cancer: acalculus cholecystitis(no stone) or fistula in gallbladder and intestine? ?
Both conditions: By themselves probably do not increase chance of gallbladder cancer. If it does, it is still very very low. Even if you have gallstones, chances of developing gallbladder cancer is very low. Unfortunately, once you develop gallbladder cancer, chances of survival are quite low. ...Read more
Is the internal sphincter hypertonicity the more common problem (than the external u s) in bladder sphincter dissynergy ? Ie urinary hesitation ?
Inner sphincter: The term 'overactive bladder' is used to describe dis synergy of the bladder muscle -not contracting in coordinated fashion; this leads to loss of regularity and coordinated, controlled urination. The inner sphincter is controlled by the autonomic nervous system and is involuntary. The outer sphincter is part of the voluntary nervous system, and we can control it (the basis of kegel exercises). ...Read more
Are digestive juices (fluid) made in pancreas same as the disgestive juice stored in the gallbladder?
Can excess stool in the colon cause general intestinal "rumbling"? Can excess stool in the colon cause backup into the small intestine? What exams?
Can resection surgery at the junction of the small and large intestine cause chronic sibo? Assume the ileocecal valve was removed.
Define: I don't know what sibo is. In general, if the ileocecal valve is removed, some patients can have , at least temporarily, some looser stools or urgency. I usually suggest Imodium (loperamide) as needed, a good general diet, avoidance of large meals, and the inclusion of yogurt in the diet. If i'm missing the boat here, define sibo. Good luck. ...Read more
Are 5-ht3 receptors found on inhibitory interneurones in the gut? And if so, then how do 5-ht3 antagonists inhibit colonic motility?
Good question: But most 5ht-3 receptors are central, the mechanism of action by antagonizing them is to control nausea, a central reflex. They do not decrease gut motility but receptor blockade does prevent nausea, a central reflex. Doesn't mean the receptors not in the gut, but 5ht-3 receptor blockers, zofran, (ondansetron) mirtazapine, do not cause constipation. ...Read more
Both organs: This type of transplant is referred to as a multivisceral transplant. The gastrointestinal tract from the stomach through the small intestine is transplanted directly into the patient. The liver is left attached to the duodenum. You could have a separte liver transplant and isolated small bowel (you would leave off the stomach, duodenum and pancreas) this is much less common. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Complex structure with internal blood flow 1.5 CM and 3 hypoechoic nodules over 1 CM in rt lobe of thyroid. Biopsy? Can this cause symptoms?
Should biopsy nodule: By age 60, about one-half of all people have a thyroid nodule, found either through examination or with imaging. Over 90% of such nodules are benign. Hypoechoic noodules are usually cysts. The complex nodule over one cm. With blood flow should be biopsied. This can be performed by neeedle or core bx. Most nodules are asymptomatic. ...Read more
Interpret CT: mild thickening of distal sigmoid & rectal wall w/o adjacent fatty stranding. Loops of mild distended sm bowel w/o clear transition zone?
Diverticulosis: and possibly prior episode of diverticulitis could present this way. So too does infected segment or inflammation. The mild dilated small bowel in the current context is not as much of concern as the condition of the colon. Best discuss these findings with your doctor to put them into a good clinical picture. Good luck ...Read more
None: Pepsin, the powerful enzyme in gastric juice that digests proteins such as those in meat, eggs, seeds, or dairy products in the stomach. Once in the small intestine, the ph is higher rendering pepsin inactive in further digestion of proteins. Absorption of proteins occurs primarily in the small intestine. ...Read more
Disseminated peritoneal disease with long segment bowel wall thickening, multiple hepatic and renal nodules - are in favour of neoplastic etiology?
7 YO? Can't post yet: Have to be 17 to post. Seven years old is too young to post, and requires speaking to your pediatrician about your questions until you're old enough to post. Thanks! ...Read more
Mild diffuse infiltration fatty liver and low function gallbladder protein 8.4 bilirubin total 2.0 1.76 and diect 0.27 is this due to fatty liver?
Probably not: With the majority of your bilirubin being indirect, i.e. Unconjugated, you probably have gilbert's syndrome, which is the most common hereditary cause of increased bilirubin and is found in 5-10% of the population and is due to the reduced activity of the enzyme glucuronyltransferase. Bilirubin levels may increase under conditions of exertion, stress, fasting, and infections but is benign. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Not a big: concern, but it may be worth monitoring for a while, especially if you take medicines that get metabolized through your liver like Tylenol (acetaminophen) and most PPis like Protonix and many antibiotics. Would certainly make sure your alcohol consumption is minimal. If levels rise or a continued concern, would rule out any viral infections with simple blood tests. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Arent there bile ducts in the liver so cant the liver with a tumor cause stools the become light ?
Possible: Make an appointment for detailed discussionGet a more detailed answer ›
Small area of decreased tracer concentration in the inferior wall at stess. Ejection measured @ 50%, minor evidence of reversible ichaemia.Treatable ?
Is Albumin of 28 g/l and bilirubin of 86 umol/L indicating liver damage or failure in metastic crc patient ?
Need more info.: It's impossible to analyze individual lab values without knowing more, such as the normal ranges at that lab and other medical history at the time of the blood draw. You should ask your doctor for his opinion of those labs. An alternative would be to upload the labs here on HealthTap Prime and have one of our doctors interpret them for you, in the context of your medical history. Good luck. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Large bowel, or large intestine connects terminal ileum of small bowel to rectum. Begins at the ileo-cecal valve and comprises cecum, ascendind, transverse, descending and sigmoid colon. Resposible for: 1) intestinal water resorption of ingested fluids, gastric & small intestinal digestive juices. 2) transporting end products of digestion & bacterial waste ...Read more
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