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A 47-year-old member asked:

what leads to pneumocystis infections?

2 doctor answers5 doctors weighed in
Dr. Ralph Morgan Lewis
Family Medicine 38 years experience
Opportunistic: Any condition that compromises the immune system can allow pneumocystis to manifest: cancers, HIV disease, immunosupressant drugs for organ transplants or for autoimmune diseases (ra, psoriasis, etc); chemotherapy.
Dr. Michael Depietro
Pulmonary Critical Care 35 years experience
Immune suppression: Pneumocystis pneumonia occurs when a persons immune system is not working. This can occur with some diseases, like HIV infection or as a consequence of a therapy for a disease in which the immunity has been suppressed. For example high dose steroids which may be necessary in some autoimmune disease can predispose to pneumocystis. We now know use of a prophylactic antibiotic can prevent this.

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A member asked:

How can I stop recurring breast infections?

2 doctor answers4 doctors weighed in
Dr. Holly Maes
Pediatrics 36 years experience
Empty often!: Several different steps will help. First, nurse often. Rapidly flowing milk is least likely to produce/sustain infection. Stagnant, warm body temperature milk that isn't flowing is a great place for bacteria to thrive -so empty them out! keep nipples clean, but not so much that they dry out and crack - this too can lead to infection. Check baby nursing postion. Keep yourself healthy and rested.
A member asked:

Why do I keep getting breast infections?

2 doctor answers4 doctors weighed in
Dr. Thad Woodard
Specializes in Pediatrics
Correct technique: Proper "latching" and the use of protective products like lanolin on your nipples to prevent cracking is good advice. Also i believe a lot of breast infections are actually blocked ducts which cause painful, sometimes red lumps in the breasts. In this case and with infections, feeding should continue and is safe.
A 38-year-old member asked:

What is a c diff infection like?

1 doctor answer1 doctor weighed in
Dr. Mark Hoepfner
General Surgery 39 years experience
Infection: Colon infection from clostridium difficile can cause fever, nausea, abdominal cramping pains, sometimes serious abdominal pain, diarrhea & dehydration. Some people can become very ill from this. Treated with specific antibiotics for this type of infection. Rarely requires surgery if severe & life threatening.
A 38-year-old member asked:

With which causes do you associate infection with hepatitis a?

1 doctor answer1 doctor weighed in
Dr. Gurmukh Singh
Pathology 49 years experience
Fecal contamination: Hepatitis is transmitted through the fecal-oral route. Ingestion of virally contaminated water or food causes hepaatitis a.
A 41-year-old member asked:

Does circumcision increase or decrease chance of infection?

3 doctor answers4 doctors weighed in
Dr. Howard Tay
Urology 31 years experience
Circumcision: Recently, circumcision has become a very controversial intervention. However, there are studies that suggest that circumcision can cause a slight "thickening" of the glans penis and therefore may reduce the chance of HIV transmission. Quite often diabetics can develop infection of the foreskin if they are uncircumcised. Circumcision will not prevent std. www.peedoc.com @drhtay.

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Last updated Jun 10, 2014

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