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Dallas, TX
A 38-year-old female asked:

how are the forthcoming covid vaccine(s) made? what are they made of? are they similar to flu vaccines in which an inactive form of the virus is used to bring about an immune response?

2 doctor answers3 doctors weighed in
Dr. Manuel Lowenhaupt
Infectious Disease 40 years experience
COVID vaccines: The two leading vaccine candidates are synthetic mRNA vaccines . Messenger RNA (mRNA) is the template for a cell to build a protein. These vaccines instruct the body’s cells to build the “spike” protein only from the COVID-19 virus. The spike alone is not able to replicate or attack the body but can trigger a robust immune response that will stop infection of the wild virus.
Dr. Heidi Fowler
Psychiatry 25 years experience
COVID 19 vaccine: Traditional vaccines may use inactivated virus organisms to produce antibodies. But the new Pfizer/ BioNTech vaccine uses messenger RNA that causes our cells to produce Spike proteins which we then develop an immune response to.

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Last updated Nov 17, 2020

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