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A 48-year-old member asked:

please describe the meaning of oncology and carcinoma ?

2 doctor answers7 doctors weighed in
Dr. Jefferson Chen
Neurosurgery 34 years experience
Terminology: When one speaks about oncology, one is referring to the specialty where cancer is treated.This is further divided into medical oncology(treatment with chemotherapeutic agents), surgical, and radiation depending on what is deployed to treat the cancer. Carcinoma is a generic term referring to the cancer which is the abnormal/malignant proliferation of cells. There are breast, lung, prostate origins.
Dr. Matthew Solhjem
Radiation Oncology 21 years experience
Thanks for asking!: Oncology means the study of cancer. It is a specialty of medicine. An oncologist evaluates and treats patients with cancer. Carcinoma is cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover body organs.

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A 39-year-old member asked:

What is the basic mechanism of chemotherapy for cancer therapy?

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Dr. Andrew Turrisi
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While there are : Many classes, the basic answer is interference with cell reproduction and division. Modern ages attack very sophisticated pathways, interfere ith blood vessel production, interfering with dna repair and causing dna damage is the major basic mechanism for most alkylators anti-metabolites and radiotherapy.
A 30-year-old member asked:

What's a tumor that is considered benign? I thought tumors were cancer

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A 35-year-old member asked:

What's primary vs secondary cancer?

1 doctor answer5 doctors weighed in
Dr. Gurmukh Singh
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Origin and spread: Primary cancer of an organs is one that originated in that organ, e.G, lung cancer in smokers. Seconday cancer is one that spread from one organ to another, e.g., lung cancer spreading to liver, brain, bone etc would be secondary cancer for liver, brain, bone etc.
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What does secondary cancer spreading mean?

1 doctor answer2 doctors weighed in
Dr. Addagada Rao
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Means spreading: Primary cancer means intial location of ( main cancer )cancer like breast , lung , kidney, etc secondary cancer means metastatic cancer or spread from main cancer. Spreading means more and more growing and spreading , not under control , not good news.
A 33-year-old member asked:

How can you support someone cope with testicular cancer?

1 doctor answer2 doctors weighed in
Dr. Andrew Turrisi
Radiation Oncology 47 years experience
Many young men: And boys simply require orchiectomy. A decision as to whether to have serial imaging or a single dose of chemotherapy is difficult for many. If node dissection was needed, they may experience retrograde ejaculation - orgasm with no visible semen expelled. This is a highly curable disease for most. Dealing with difference, change and adapting to harms of treatment require understanding of cause.

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Last updated Jul 3, 2020

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