A 27-year-old female asked:
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what is diabetes?

10 doctor answers
Dr. James Ferguson
45 years experience Pediatrics
RUNNING THRU U: The word actually means running through. In those with diabetes mellitis it refers to a condition where the level of glucose in the blood exceeds the kidneys ability to reclaim it as it filters the blood. Diabetes insipidis is a condition where the kidney cannot hold on to water as it passes through. The causes of either condition vary.Please be more specific if you want a specific answer.
Answered on May 9, 2016
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1 comment
Dr. Michael Kleerekoper
50 years experience Endocrinology
The most specific answer will come when the patient goes online and reads some of the articles about DM and DI.
Jun 20, 2015
Dr. Fernando Juliao
29 years experience Dentistry
Sugar intolerance : almost everything we eat, breaks down into 'sugar' inside our bodies. Our bodies NEED sugar for energy, but people with diabetes do not have INSULIN, which lets the sugar into the cells. INSULIN is like a 'key' that let's sugars come inside cells of your body, so the sugar can be turned into ENERGY for your cells/bodies. Diabetes does not let your bodies use the sugar.
Answered on Nov 28, 2017
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1 comment
Dr. Michael Kleerekoper
50 years experience Endocrinology
Agreed, but the person should be advised to go online to learn as much as possible about diabetes.
Jun 20, 2015
Dr. Shahruq Sarela
9 years experience Internal Medicine
Diabetes: Diabetes is essentially the lack of production of insulin or reduction in insulin. Without insulin secreted from the pancreas there is no way to move sugar into cells, and this sugar lingers in the blood stream. At high levels in the blood it can be damaging to organs, nerves, the eyes. See the ADA website for way thorough details.
Answered on Aug 15, 2018
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1 comment
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3 thanks
Dr. Atul Singh
Dr. Atul Singh commented
27 years experience Nephrology and Dialysis
Type 2 DM can be due to resistance in the effect of insulin.
Jun 13, 2015
Dr. Michael Kleerekoper
50 years experience Endocrinology
Diabetes: Diabetes is a clinical disorder that has a bad effect on your blood sugar. Please go online and read a few articles about diabetes. If after reading this you think you might have diabetes please see your doctor. Do not delay!
Answered on May 9, 2016
Dr. Susan Wingo
32 years experience Endocrinology
Can't Control Sugar: Diabetes occurs when the body can no longer keep sugar levels in the blood normal. Insulin is the key hormone for controlling sugar levels. Diabetes can be due to the inability to make insulin (Type 1) or the failure of the body to respond normally to insulin (Type 2). If sugars remain uncontrolled, diabetes can cause blindness, kidney failure, leg amputations, strokes, & heart attacks.
Answered on May 9, 2016
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2 comments
Dr. Michael Kleerekoper
50 years experience Endocrinology
Your comments are on target but I strongly recommend that persons such as this should go online and read as many articles as possible about diabetes.
Jun 20, 2015
Dr. Susan Wingo
Dr. Susan Wingo commented
32 years experience Endocrinology
Provided original answer
PS - It's very important to know if you have diabetes, because most of these complications can be prevented with good treatment!
Jun 20, 2015
Dr. Mani Bashyam
Specializes in Diabetology
Chronic condition: In which glucose metabolism is impaired due to No Insulin production as in Type 1Diabetes (5%) or ineffective insulin action (insulin resistance) and later decreased production as in Type 2 Diabetes (95%)
Answered on May 9, 2016
Dr. Gerardo Guerra Bonilla
11 years experience Family Medicine
Diabetes type 2: Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common type of diabetes, and is characterized by variable degrees of insulin deficiency and resistance. A fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and/or a glycated hemoglobin (A1C) are the preferred screening tests. The diagnosis of diabetes is confirmed if two consecutive A1C levels are ≥6.5%, two consecutive FPG levels are >126 mg/dL, or if both are above the threshold.
Answered on Nov 26, 2016
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2 comments
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2 thanks
Dr. Michael Kleerekoper
50 years experience Endocrinology
That's OK but we should all begin to help patients with DM2 to totally rid the patient of diabetes. Doesn't happen quickly but must have nurse practitioners take control. Yes, as an Endocrinologist I work towards this.
Apr 30, 2016
Dr. Ira Katz
Dr. Ira Katz commented
23 years experience Endocrinology
I agree strongly with the above, it is important to note the high blood sugars cause most of the complications and used to diagnose the disease, the underlying problem is one of insulin deficiency (and other hormone deficiencies are now being discovered) or insulin resistance and these are the targets of treatment. Insulin resistance itself is associated with other medical problems.
Apr 30, 2016
Dr. Ron Jones
Dr. Ron Jones answered
44 years experience Family Medicine
Sorry: I cannot explain this in 400 characters. You can do a HealthTap Virtual Consult (www.healthtap.com/DrJones - Virtual Consult Code: YACZAZ) or visit this link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diabetes_mellitus
Answered on Sep 20, 2016
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1 thank
Dr. Ira Katz
Dr. Ira Katz answered
23 years experience Endocrinology
Insulin-BS imbalance: DM is dx'd when BS values reach certain thresholds, fasting >125 mg/dl, random >200 with sx's an A1c>6.5% or abn gluc tol test. All should be confirmed. Also, obvious high blood sugars w sx's. Most of the complications are from damage from the high sugar. BUT, DM is technically one of insulin deficiency (not enough to control sugar) or resistance (doesn't work well). These can also cause problems.
Answered on May 9, 2016
1
1 thank
Dr.
Dr. answered
Specializes in
Diabetes: Diabetes when level of sugars are higher than normal.It is of two kinds , type 1 and type 2. In type 1 diabetes there is not enough insulin in body , on the other hand in type 2 cells in body do not use insulin properly because they develop resistance to insulin . Obesity, waist circumference more than 80 cm in women and 94 in men, family history of diabetes increases risk of developing type 2 .
Answered on Sep 25, 2016

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