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A 43-year-old member asked:

What is the definition of essential hypertension?

3 doctor answers8 doctors weighed in
Dr. David Miller
Dr. David Milleranswered
Family Medicine 10 years experience
High blood pressure: The definition of essential (or primary) hypertension is a sustained elevation in systemic arterial blood pressure that is not due to some other cause. If it has some other cause (a side effect of a drug or a symptom of another disease) then it's secondary hypertension.
Dr. William Lizarraga
Internal Medicine 16 years experience
BP >140/90 w/o cause: For example there are some secondary causes of high blood pressure including sleep apnea, cushings disease, thyroid problems, etc. High BP in the absence of these conditions is primary or essential hypertension.
Dr. Milton Alvis, jr
Preventive Medicine 41 years experience
Brain Not Body: BP is a balance of CO (CardiacOutput=HeartPumpVolume) vs. TPR (TotalPeripheralResistance), both under brain (hidden, with physical responses) control 24/7. Issues which drive either, e.g. ↑es CO or TPR, e.g. Internalized Frustration/Anger/Pain, &/or ↑ed body wt. BP ↑es in precise proportion. When doctors don't see secondary body/physical reasons, most call it essential/idiopathic.

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A 28-year-old male asked:

What is the definition or description of: essential hypertension?

2 doctor answers3 doctors weighed in
Dr. Yash Khanna
Family Medicine 57 years experience
Hypertension no caus: Hypertension or high blood pressure for which no cause can be found is called essential hypertension.

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Last updated Mar 6, 2019
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