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A 37-year-old member asked:

can you tell me how common gluten intolerance and celiac disease are?

2 doctor answers4 doctors weighed in
Dr. Robert Kwok
Pediatrics 33 years experience
Maybe 1% (1 in 100): The exact prevalence (percentage of people in the population with the disease) of celiac disease is not certain. Some people estimate the number to be about 1%, or 1 out of every 100 people. Gluten intolerance is not true celiac disease, and the number of people with gluten intolerance is also uncertain.
Dr. James Ferguson
Pediatrics 46 years experience
1/1000 : The range of listed frequency is from 1/250-1/4000 births. There is ethnic variation with a higher frequency among those of european descent.

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Similar questions

A 21-year-old member asked:

How are gluten intolerance and celiac disease different?

2 doctor answers5 doctors weighed in
Dr. Robert Kwok
Pediatrics 33 years experience
Celiac is an allergy: Celiac disease is gluten allergy, a strong allergic reaction to gluten (a protein in grains such as wheat, barley, malted barley, rye, spelt, etc...). Gluten intolerance is not an allergic reaction, but an intolerance of gluten that leads to tummy symptoms such as gassiness, bloating, loose stools, etc... Gluten intolerance does not cause damage to the intestinal lining like celiac disease does.
Dr. Michael P Vaughn
Allergy and Immunology 34 years experience
The NIH considers "gluten intolerance" a synonym for Celiac disease. Celiac disease damages the intestinal lining and can cause physical symptoms such as cramping, diarrhea and lead to malabsorption / malnutrition. Persons can also have allergic antibodies (IgE) to wheat without having celiac disease. Treatment is avaoidance.
Sep 22, 2011
CA
A 44-year-old member asked:

How are gluten intolerance and celiac disease diagnosed?

4 doctor answers10 doctors weighed in
Dr. Robert Kwok
Pediatrics 33 years experience
Blood test or biopsy: Tests for celiac disease include blood antibody tests, looking for tissue transglutaminase antibody (ttg iga) and other antibodies. Small intestine biopsy by using an endoscope through the mouth, can accurately diagnose celiac disease.
A 23-year-old member asked:

How are gluten intolerance and celiac disease typically treated?

2 doctor answers5 doctors weighed in
Dr. Robert Kwok
Pediatrics 33 years experience
Gluten-free diet: A gluten-free diet usually makes symptoms go away. Celiac disease (gluten allergy) occurs in a person who may have a genetic tendency to react abnormally to gluten. Something causes his immune system to over-react to gluten. Later, when he eats foods containing gluten, his immune system reacts with the intestine that is digesting the gluten, thus causing intestinal problems and abnormal digestion.
A 38-year-old member asked:

Can you please explain why celiac disease is considered dangerous, and gluten intolerance not dangerous?

3 doctor answers6 doctors weighed in
Dr. Andrew Murphy
Allergy and Immunology 29 years experience
Probably same: Celiac disease is also called gluten sensitive enterophy or gluten intolerance. One would need to further clarify the meaning of "gluten intolerance" to make sure this is not being misinterpretted.
A 39-year-old member asked:

Whats the difference between gluten intolerance and celiac disease?

2 doctor answers5 doctors weighed in
Dr. Andrew Murphy
Allergy and Immunology 29 years experience
Probably the same: The way these terms are used they are probably the same thing.

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Last updated Oct 3, 2016
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